How to format your references using the Res Publica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Res Publica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blumberg, Baruch S. 2008. Obituary: Joshua Lederberg (1925-2008). Nature 452: 422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Druckman, James N., and Arthur Lupia. 2012. Social science. Experimenting with politics. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335: 1177–1179.
A journal article with 3 authors
Siu, Z. B., M. B. A. Jalil, and S. G. Tan. 2014. Topological state transport in topological insulators under the influence of hexagonal warping and exchange coupling to in-plane magnetizations. Scientific reports 4: 5062.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tavazoie, Sohail F., Claudio Alarcón, Thordur Oskarsson, David Padua, Qiongqing Wang, Paula D. Bos, William L. Gerald, and Joan Massagué. 2008. Endogenous human microRNAs that suppress breast cancer metastasis. Nature 451: 147–152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, Gareth M., and Judith C. Furlong. 2010. Environmental Biotechnology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yamada, Koichi M. T., and Gisbert Winnewisser, ed. 2011. Interstellar Molecules: Their Laboratory and Interstellar Habitat. Vol. 241. Springer Tracts in Modern Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Joarder, Rita, and Neil Crundwell. 2012. Case 4. In Case Studies in Chest Imaging, ed. Neil Crundwell, 13–15. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Res Publica.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. The UAE Wants To Build A ‘Rainmaking Mountain’ – Are We All Ok With That? IFLScience. IFLScience. May 9.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Highway Trust Fund: Administrative Expenses of the Federal Highway Administration. GAO-16-631R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thirumal, Venkatesh M. 2017. Production of Microbial Lipids from Lipomyces starkeyi. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, James C., Jr. 2017. 24 Years Later, DNA Leads To Arrest in Attack on Girl. New York Times, May 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blumberg 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blumberg 2008; Druckman and Lupia 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Druckman and Lupia 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Tavazoie et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRes Publica
AbbreviationRes Publica
ISSN (print)1356-4765
ISSN (online)1572-8692

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