How to format your references using the Res Publica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Res Publica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond, Jared. 2010. Social science. The benefits of multilingualism. Science (New York, N.Y.) 330: 332–333.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oltvai, Zoltán N., and Albert-László Barabási. 2002. Systems biology. Life’s complexity pyramid. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 763–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner, Alan H., Peter J. Makovicky, and Mark A. Norell. 2007. Feather quill knobs in the dinosaur Velociraptor. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 1721.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Catherall, A. T., L. Eaves, P. J. King, and S. R. Booth. 2003. Magnetic levitation: Floating gold in cryogenic oxygen. Nature 422: 579.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia, John E. 2011. Dynamic Economic Decision Making. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kipp, Michael, Jean-Claude Martin, Patrizia Paggio, and Dirk Heylen, ed. 2009. Multimodal Corpora: From Models of Natural Interaction to Systems and Applications. Vol. 5509. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chrysikou, E. 2016. Inclusive Design and Mental Health: Policy and Legislation Challenges from the Perspective of Social Inclusion. In Designing Around People: CWUAAT 2016, ed. Pat Langdon, Jonathan Lazar, Ann Heylighen, and Hua Dong, 33–42. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Res Publica.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. Brain-To-Brain Interfaces: The Science Of Telepathy. IFLScience. IFLScience. March 10.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Spectrum Management: Further Consideration of Options to Improve Receiver Performance Needed. GAO-13-265. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sousa, Kevin L. 2012. Soul Seeking: A Crossing. Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, Linda. 2010. A Housing Project That Embraces A City and Nature. New York Times, July 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamond 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Oltvai and Barabási 2002; Diamond 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oltvai and Barabási 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Catherall et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleRes Publica
AbbreviationRes Publica
ISSN (print)1356-4765
ISSN (online)1572-8692

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