How to format your references using the Res Publica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Res Publica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, David. 2007. Passing the test. Nature 449: 391.
A journal article with 2 authors
Littman, Dan R., and Harinder Singh. 2007. Immunology. Asymmetry and immune memory. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315: 1673–1674.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foley, Stephen F., Stephan Buhre, and Dorrit E. Jacob. 2003. Evolution of the Archaean crust by delamination and shallow subduction. Nature 421: 249–252.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Venkataraman, Latha, Jennifer E. Klare, Colin Nuckolls, Mark S. Hybertsen, and Michael L. Steigerwald. 2006. Dependence of single-molecule junction conductance on molecular conformation. Nature 442: 904–907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fong, A. C. M., and S. C. Hui. 2006. Multimedia Engineering. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Leonard, Timothy, and Peter Willis, ed. 2008. Pedagogies of the Imagination: Mythopoetic Curriculum in Educational Practice. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Boekema, Egbert J., Roman Kouřil, Jan P. Dekker, and Poul Erik Jensen. 2006. Association of Photosystem I and Light-Harvesting Complex II during State Transitions. In Photosystem I: The Light-Driven Plastocyanin:Ferredoxin Oxidoreductase, ed. John H. Golbeck, 41–46. Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Res Publica.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. India’s Launch Of Twenty Satellites Looked Absolutely Awesome. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 24.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Improvements Needed in the Migrant Education Program. HRD-79-100. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dixon-Thompson, Tonya L. 2015. The relationship between the usage of a Computer Assisted Instructional (CAI) program, Ticket to Read (T2R) and reading achievement in third grade. Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. 2014. Rare Medal Sweep for the United States. New York Times, February 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2007; Littman and Singh 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Littman and Singh 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Venkataraman et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleRes Publica
AbbreviationRes Publica
ISSN (print)1356-4765
ISSN (online)1572-8692

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