How to format your references using the Res Publica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Res Publica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuks, François. 2010. Journal club. A cancer biologist marvels at how key gene regulators are still revealing hidden talents. Nature 466: 417.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maloy, Kevin J., and Fiona Powrie. 2011. Intestinal homeostasis and its breakdown in inflammatory bowel disease. Nature 474: 298–306.
A journal article with 3 authors
Helled, Ravit, Eli Galanti, and Yohai Kaspi. 2015. Saturn’s fast spin determined from its gravitational field and oblateness. Nature 520: 202–204.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jia, Haiying, Yunfei Guo, Weiwei Zhao, and Kai Wang. 2014. Long-range PCR in next-generation sequencing: comparison of six enzymes and evaluation on the MiSeq sequencer. Scientific reports 4: 5737.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexander, Michael, and John Walkenbach. 2010. Excel® Dashboards & Reports. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Venkateswar, Sita, and Sekhar Bandyopadhyay, ed. 2016. Globalisation and the Challenges of Development in Contemporary India. 1st ed. 2016. Dynamics of Asian Development. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Araújo, Vítor, and Maria José Pacifico. 2010. Robustness on the Whole Ambient Space. In Three-Dimensional Flows, ed. Maria José Pacifico, 99–121. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Res Publica.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. Dancing Planets Reveal How Gas Giants Migrate Towards Stars. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 11.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares and Service at Buffalo, New York. T-RCED-99-286. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waldner, Bruce W. 2013. Determining Relationships Between Technology Acceptance and Employee Attitudes Toward Automated Workflows in the Oil Industry. Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, Sarah Maslin. 2017. Fire’s Death Toll: ‘5 Amazing People Full of Life,’ the Oldest of Them 20. New York Times, April 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuks 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fuks 2010; Maloy and Powrie 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maloy and Powrie 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Jia et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRes Publica
AbbreviationRes Publica
ISSN (print)1356-4765
ISSN (online)1572-8692

Other styles