How to format your references using the Res Publica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Res Publica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gonzalez, C. 2001. Undergraduate research, graduate mentoring, and the university’s mission. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293: 1624–1626.
A journal article with 2 authors
López-Carr, David, and Jessica Marter-Kenyon. 2015. Human adaptation: Manage climate-induced resettlement. Nature 517: 265–267.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailes, Freya, Roger T. Dean, and Marcus T. Pearce. 2013. Music cognition as mental time travel. Scientific reports 3: 2690.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vavylonis, Dimitrios, Jian-Qiu Wu, Steven Hao, Ben O’Shaughnessy, and Thomas D. Pollard. 2008. Assembly mechanism of the contractile ring for cytokinesis by fission yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319: 97–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmendinger, Heinz. 2013. HOAI 2013: Praxisleitfaden für Ingenieure und Architekten. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Moor, Oege de, Georg Gottlob, Tim Furche, and Andrew Sellers, ed. 2011. Datalog Reloaded: First International Workshop, Datalog 2010, Oxford, UK, March 16-19, 2010. Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 6702. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yusnita, Mohd Ali, Murugesa Pandiyan Paulraj, Sazali Yaacob, Abu Bakar Shahriman, Rihana Yusuf, and Shahilah Nordin. 2016. On the Use of Spectral Feature Fusions for Enhanced Performance of Malaysian English Accents Classification. In Regional Conference on Science, Technology and Social Sciences (RCSTSS 2014): Science and Technology, ed. Nor Azizah Yacob, Mesliza Mohamed, and Megat Ahmad Kamal Megat Hanafiah, 35–45. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Res Publica.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Chris Hadfield Performs ‘Space Oddity.’ IFLScience. IFLScience. May 13.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Air Traffic Control: Immature Software Acquisition Processes Increase FAA System Acquisition Risks. AIMD-97-47. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aldaco, Rosaevelia. 2010. Latinas attainment of higher education: What factors contribute to their success? Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, Michael J. 2017. Seeking Next Big Drug, Gilead to Buy Kite Pharma. New York Times, August 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gonzalez 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gonzalez 2001; López-Carr and Marter-Kenyon 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (López-Carr and Marter-Kenyon 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Vavylonis et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRes Publica
AbbreviationRes Publica
ISSN (print)1356-4765
ISSN (online)1572-8692

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