How to format your references using the Reproductive BioMedicine Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive BioMedicine Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDermott, J., 2008. The evolution of music. Nature 453, 287–288.
A journal article with 2 authors
Page, M.T., Hough, S.E., 2014. The New Madrid Seismic Zone: not dead yet. Science 343, 762–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jan, C.H., Williams, C.C., Weissman, J.S., 2015. LOCAL TRANSLATION. Response to Comment on “Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling.” Science 348, 1217.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Y., Li, H., Zhao, G., Sun, A., Zong, N.C., Li, Z., Zhu, H., Zou, Y., Yang, X., Ge, J., 2014. Hydrogen sulfide attenuates the recruitment of CD11b+Gr-1+ myeloid cells and regulates Bax/Bcl-2 signaling in myocardial ischemia injury. Sci. Rep. 4, 4774.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, B.R., 2015. The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fiala, J., Kratochvíl, J., Miller, M. (Eds.), 2009. Combinatorial Algorithms: 20th International Workshop, IWOCA 2009, Hradec nad Moravicí, Czech Republic, June 28–July 2, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Nandram, S., Joshi, A., 2016. An Ethics of Care Induced from Kautilya’s Wisdom, in: Chatterji, M., Zsolnai, L. (Eds.), Ethical Leadership: Indian and European Spiritual Approaches. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive BioMedicine Online.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Realistic Robot Faces Aren’t Enough – We Need Emotion To Put Us At Ease With Androids [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Secure Flight: Additional Actions Needed to Determine Program Effectiveness and Strengthen Privacy Oversight Mechanisms (No. GAO-14-796T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belcher, J.T., 2009. Optimism, psychological well-being, and quality of life in females with Fibromyalgia Syndrome (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bray, C., 2017. Payments Firm In Britain Draws 2 Bids For Takeover. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDermott, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (McDermott, 2008; Page and Hough, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Page and Hough, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive BioMedicine Online
AbbreviationReprod. Biomed. Online
ISSN (print)1472-6483
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Reproductive Medicine

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