How to format your references using the Reproductive BioMedicine Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive BioMedicine Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q., 2001. Imported stem cells deepen Germany’s ethical divide. Nature 412, 4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, B., Cepko, C.L., 2009. HDAC4 regulates neuronal survival in normal and diseased retinas. Science 323, 256–259.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, L.-A., Walther, P., Lidar, D.A., 2013. No-go theorem for passive single-rail linear optical quantum computing. Sci. Rep. 3, 1394.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suslova, A., El-Atwani, O., Sagapuram, D., Harilal, S.S., Hassanein, A., 2014. Recrystallization and grain growth induced by ELMs-like transient heat loads in deformed tungsten samples. Sci. Rep. 4, 6845.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hellesland, J., Challamel, N., Casandjian, C., Lanos, C., 2013. Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Gonzalez, C., Nurse, C.A., Peers, C. (Eds.), 2009. Arterial Chemoreceptors: Arterial Chemoreceptors, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y., Zirah, S., Rebuffat, S., 2015. Lasso Peptide Bioengineering and Bioprospecting, in: Zirah, S., Rebuffat, S. (Eds.), Lasso Peptides: Bacterial Strategies to Make and Maintain Bioactive Entangled Scaffolds, SpringerBriefs in Microbiology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 97–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive BioMedicine Online.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists May Have Finally Detected A Dark Matter Signal [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. National Assessment of Educational Progress: Its Results Need To Be Made More Useful (No. HRD-76-113). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oh, Y., 2006. Prediction of Steady State Response in Dynamic Mode Atomic Force Microscopy and Its Applications in Nano-metrology (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2016. Rebels’ Plight Is Clear in Yemeni Capital. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Cepko, 2009; Schiermeier, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Cepko, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Suslova et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive BioMedicine Online
AbbreviationReprod. Biomed. Online
ISSN (print)1472-6483
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Reproductive Medicine

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