How to format your references using the Reproductive BioMedicine Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive BioMedicine Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dyson, F.J., 2012. History of science. Is science mostly driven by ideas or by tools? Science 338, 1426–1427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ward, L.D., Kellis, M., 2012. Evidence of abundant purifying selection in humans for recently acquired regulatory functions. Science 337, 1675–1678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn, K.H., Lookman, T., Bishop, A.R., 2004. Strain-induced metal-insulator phase coexistence in perovskite manganites. Nature 428, 401–404.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gröbner, G., Burnett, I.J., Glaubitz, C., Choi, G., Mason, A.J., Watts, A., 2000. Observations of light-induced structural changes of retinal within rhodopsin. Nature 405, 810–813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halstead, P., 2014. Two Oxen Ahead. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Martínez, L., 2015. The 2-tuple Linguistic Model: Computing with Words in Decision Making. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Teasley, C., 2016. Evolving Criticality for a Transnational Public Pedagogy, in: Agnello, M.F., Reynolds, W.M. (Eds.), Practicing Critical Pedagogy: The Influences of Joe L. Kincheloe. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive BioMedicine Online.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Mysterious Object Spotted On Saturn’s Moon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Schools and Libraries Program: Update on State-Level Funding by Category of Service (No. GAO-01-673). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers, R., 2017. What Qualities Make an Effective Teacher Labor Union Leader? (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis, G., 2012. Carnal Knowledge in a Modern Metropolis: Babylon. New York Times 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dyson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Dyson, 2012; Ward and Kellis, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ward and Kellis, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Gröbner et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive BioMedicine Online
AbbreviationReprod. Biomed. Online
ISSN (print)1472-6483
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Reproductive Medicine

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