How to format your references using the Reproductive BioMedicine Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive BioMedicine Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rodrigues, A.S.L., 2006. Ecology. Are global conservation efforts successful? Science 313, 1051–1052.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stapel, D.A., Lindenberg, S., 2011. Coping with chaos: how disordered contexts promote stereotyping and discrimination. Science 332, 251–253.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gershenfeld, N., Samouhos, S., Nordman, B., 2010. Engineering. Intelligent infrastructure for energy efficiency. Science 327, 1086–1088.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yan, R., Xu, D., Yang, J., Walker, S., Zhang, Y., 2013. A comparative assessment and analysis of 20 representative sequence alignment methods for protein structure prediction. Sci. Rep. 3, 2619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coutts, J., 2013. Loft Conversions. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Lara-Cinisomo, S., Wisner, K.L. (Eds.), 2014. Perinatal Depression among Spanish-Speaking and Latin American Women: A Global Perspective on Detection and Treatment. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Laures, C., 2011. Innovative Energy Concepts in the Water Supply Sector, in: Schmidt, M., Onyango, V., Palekhov, D. (Eds.), Implementing Environmental and Resource Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 23–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive BioMedicine Online.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Pottery Remnants Reveal What Was Cooking 10,000 Years Ago [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Highway Safety Improvement Program: Further Efforts Needed to Address Data Limitations and Better Align Funding with States’ Top Safety Priorities (No. GAO-09-35). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tuschall, A., 2017. Exploration of the Relationship Between Implicit Theory of Intelligence and Employability (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ivory, D., Ruiz, R.R., 2014. G.M. Resists Expanding Victims’ Fund. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rodrigues, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Rodrigues, 2006; Stapel and Lindenberg, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stapel and Lindenberg, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive BioMedicine Online
AbbreviationReprod. Biomed. Online
ISSN (print)1472-6483
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Reproductive Medicine

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