How to format your references using the Reproductive BioMedicine Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive BioMedicine Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom, B.R., 2000. On the particularity of pathogens. Nature 406, 760–761.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, A., Kanamarlapudi, V., 2014. The regions within the N-terminus critical for human glucagon like peptide-1 receptor (hGLP-1R) cell surface expression. Sci. Rep. 4, 7410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, M., Vijayraghavan, S., Goldman-Rakic, P.S., 2004. Selective D2 receptor actions on the functional circuitry of working memory. Science 303, 853–856.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Khan, R.S., Martinez, M.D., Sy, J.C., Pendergrass, K.D., Che, P.-L., Brown, M.E., Cabigas, E.B., Dasari, M., Murthy, N., Davis, M.E., 2014. Targeting extracellular DNA to deliver IGF-1 to the injured heart. Sci. Rep. 4, 4257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kissell, J., 2009. Mac® Security Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Brun del Re, R. (Ed.), 2010. Minimally Invasive Breast Biopsies, Recent Results in Cancer Research. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Larco, N., Kelsey, K., West, A., 2014. Project Checklist, in: Kelsey, K., West, A. (Eds.), Site Design for Multifamily Housing: Creating Livable, Connected Neighborhoods. Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, pp. 87–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive BioMedicine Online.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Researchers Observe Exact Moment When A Mind Is Changed [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Federal Research: Superconducting Super Collider’s Total Estimated Cost Will Exceed $11 Billion (No. T-RCED-93-57). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nuñez, E.M., 2017. Getting H.I.P. with First-Generation College Students: Decolonizing the High Impact Practice Movement (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, A.L., McKINLEY, J.C., Jr, 2017. F.B.I. Agent Checking On Grenade Hurt in Blast. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloom, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bloom, 2000; Thompson and Kanamarlapudi, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Kanamarlapudi, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Khan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive BioMedicine Online
AbbreviationReprod. Biomed. Online
ISSN (print)1472-6483
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Reproductive Medicine

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