How to format your references using the Reproductive BioMedicine Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive BioMedicine Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farmer, E.E., 2001. Surface-to-air signals. Nature 411, 854–856.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackem, S., Lewandoski, M., 2011. Development. Limb cells don’t tell time. Science 332, 1038–1039.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deng, H., Gerencser, A.A., Jasper, H., 2015. Signal integration by Ca(2+) regulates intestinal stem-cell activity. Nature 528, 212–217.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hayden, S.M., Mook, H.A., Dai, P., Perring, T.G., Doğan, F., 2004. The structure of the high-energy spin excitations in a high-transition-temperature superconductor. Nature 429, 531–534.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ishiyama, J.T., 2011. Comparative Politics. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Esquinas, A.M. (Ed.), 2010. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation: Theory, Equipment, and Clinical Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Humphreys, H., Winter, B., Paul, M., 2013. Principles of Treatment: Decision Making, in: Winter, B., Paul, M. (Eds.), Infections in the Adult Intensive Care Unit. Springer, London, pp. 55–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive BioMedicine Online.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Scientists Have Breached The Blood-Brain Barrier For The First Time And Treated A Brain Tumor Using An “Ultrasonic Screwdriver” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Contract With Education, Training, and Research Sciences Corporation for Processing Applications To Serve in the VISTA Program (No. B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bladen, L., 2014. Relationship of Embodied Nursing Knowledge and Client Outcomes in Home Health (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M.R., 2017. Iraqi Forces Open a New Front Against ISIS in West Mosul. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Farmer, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Farmer, 2001; Mackem and Lewandoski, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mackem and Lewandoski, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hayden et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive BioMedicine Online
AbbreviationReprod. Biomed. Online
ISSN (print)1472-6483
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles