How to format your references using the Reproductive BioMedicine Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive BioMedicine Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neylon, C., 2009. Stitching science together. Nature 461, 881.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sonenberg, N., Filipowicz, W., 2012. Retrospective. Aaron Shatkin (1934-2012). Science 337, 309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gahan, L.J., Gould, F., Heckel, D.G., 2001. Identification of a gene associated with Bt resistance in Heliothis virescens. Science 293, 857–860.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bahar, F., Pratt-Szeliga, P.C., Angus, S., Guo, J., Welch, R.D., 2014. Describing Myxococcus xanthus aggregation using Ostwald ripening equations for thin liquid films. Sci. Rep. 4, 6376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benitez, M., Davidson, J., Flaxman, L., 2009. Small Schools, Big Ideas. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Zhang, R., 2005. Fuzzy Control of Queuing Systems. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Oughton, D.H., 2016. Societal and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Perception, in: Shigemura, J., Chhem, R.K. (Eds.), Mental Health and Social Issues Following a Nuclear Accident: The Case of Fukushima. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive BioMedicine Online.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Rare Blurring Of Black Hole Light Observed [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Army Networks: Select Programs Are Utilizing Competition to Varying Degrees (No. GAO-14-460). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tarar, W.A., 2008. A New Finite Element Procedure for Fatigue Life Predictionand High Strain Rate Assessment of Cold Worked Advanced High Strength Steel (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Antilla, S., 2015. Fund Settlement. New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharon, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Barley, 2011; Drmanac, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sonenberg and Filipowicz, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive BioMedicine Online
AbbreviationReprod. Biomed. Online
ISSN (print)1472-6483
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Reproductive Medicine

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