How to format your references using the Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wilker JJ. BIOLOGICAL ADHESIVES. Positive charges and underwater adhesion. Science. 2015;349:582–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Koeller KM, Wong CH. Enzymes for chemical synthesis. Nature. 2001;409:232–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Manabe M, Barrett PM, Isaji S. Palaeontology. A refugium for relics? Nature. 2000;404:953.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gatesy J, Hayashi C, Motriuk D, Woods J, Lewis R. Extreme diversity, conservation, and convergence of spider silk fibroin sequences. Science. 2001;291:2603–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gilmore R, Lefranc M. The Topology of Chaos. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1. Kohl H. Transmission Electron Microscopy: Physics of Image Formation. Reimer L, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kerzner DS, Chodikoff DW. International Tax Enforcement in Canada. In: Chodikoff DW, editor. International Tax Evasion in the Global Information Age. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 105–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Here’s How Climate Change Is Already Affecting Your Health, Based On The State You Live In [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Continued Improvements Needed in FAA’s Management of the NAS Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Nov. Report No.: RCED-89-7.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yang SJ. Adapting Korean Cinderella Folklore as Fairy Tales for Children [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Mancuso A, Mueller B. 2 Workers Die When Backyard Fuel Tank Explodes in Westchester County. New York Times. 2015 May 8;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Biology and Endocrinology
AbbreviationReprod. Biol. Endocrinol.
ISSN (online)1477-7827
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Reproductive Medicine

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