How to format your references using the Renewables: Wind, Water, and Solar citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewables: Wind, Water, and Solar. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaspar, P. P. (2002). Silicon chemistry. R3Si+--free at last. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582), 785–786.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wyithe, J. S. B., & Loeb, A. (2006). Suppression of dwarf galaxy formation by cosmic reionization. Nature, 441(7091), 322–324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dvorak, M., Oswald, W., & Wu, Z. (2013). Bandgap opening by patterning graphene. Scientific reports, 3, 2289.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brandt, K., Wolff, M. F. H., Salikov, V., Heinrich, S., & Schneider, G. A. (2013). A novel method for a multi-level hierarchical composite with brick-and-mortar structure. Scientific reports, 3, 2322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aït-Kadi, D., Chouinard, M., Marcotte, S., & Riopel, D. (2012). Sustainable Reverse Logistics Network. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Riele, K. te, & Gorur, R. (Eds.). (2015). Interrogating Conceptions of “Vulnerable Youth” in Theory, Policy and Practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
McCormick, K., Anderberg, S., & Neij, L. (2013). Sustainable Urban Transformation and the Green Urban Economy. In R. Simpson & M. Zimmermann (Eds.), The Economy of Green Cities: A World Compendium on the Green Urban Economy (pp. 33–43). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewables: Wind, Water, and Solar.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 14). A Company Has Launched A Rocket From A Balloon For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Comprehensive Strategy Can Draw on Year 2000 Experiences (No. AIMD-00-1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Toothaker, R. D. (2014). A phenomenological study of millennial students and traditional pedagogies (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2016, October 14). Loft Life: Music, Stretching and Leftovers. New York Times, p. MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaspar 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gaspar 2002; Wyithe and Loeb 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wyithe and Loeb 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Brandt et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewables: Wind, Water, and Solar
ISSN (online)2198-994X

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