How to format your references using the Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldbeter, A., 2002. Computational approaches to cellular rhythms. Nature 420, 238–245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmiedmayer, J., Berges, J., 2013. Physics. Cold atom cosmology. Science 341, 1188–1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xing, M., Li, X., Zhang, J., 2014. Synergistic effect on the visible light activity of Ti3+ doped TiO2 nanorods/boron doped graphene composite. Sci. Rep. 4, 5493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tao, J., Liu, N., Ma, W., Ding, L., Li, L., Su, J., Gao, Y., 2013. Solid-state high performance flexible supercapacitors based on polypyrrole-MnO2-carbon fiber hybrid structure. Sci. Rep. 3, 2286.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, I.M., Griffiths, D.V., Margetts, L., 2015. Programming the Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Wang, Z.M. (Ed.), 2012. Quantum Dot Devices, Lecture Notes in Nanoscale Science and Technology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Olson, J.C., White, P., Sparrow, L., 2011. Influence of Lesson Study on Teachers’ Mathematics Pedagogy, in: Hart, L.C., Alston, A.S., Murata, A. (Eds.), Lesson Study Research and Practice in Mathematics Education: Learning Together. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 39–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Africa Has A Long Way To Go To Close The Gap On Antibiotic Resistance [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. National Airspace System Modernization: Observations on Potential Funding Options for FAA and the Next Generation Airspace System (No. GAO-06-1114T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mann, H.M., 2009. Testing for differentially functioning indicators using mixtures of confirmatory factor analysis models (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. Celebrating Two Centuries of Thoreau. New York Times BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldbeter, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Goldbeter, 2002; Schmiedmayer and Berges, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmiedmayer and Berges, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Tao et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRemote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment
AbbreviationRemote Sens. Appl. Soc. Environ.
ISSN (print)2352-9385

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