How to format your references using the Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2015. Time to cry out for academic freedom. Nature 527, 277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, C., Ecker, J.R., 2015. Epigenetics. Exceptional epigenetics in the brain. Science 348, 1094–1095.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seibel, B.A., Robison, B.H., Haddock, S.H.D., 2005. Post-spawning egg care by a squid. Nature 438, 929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eisebitt, S., Lüning, J., Schlotter, W.F., Lörgen, M., Hellwig, O., Eberhardt, W., Stöhr, J., 2004. Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography. Nature 432, 885–888.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Van Der Pijl, P., Solomon, L.K., Lokitz, J., 2016. How To Design a Better Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Torbeyns, J., Lehtinen, E., Elen, J. (Eds.), 2015. Describing and Studying Domain-Specific Serious Games, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Advances in Game-Based Learning. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Flint, D.J., Signori, P., Golicic, S.L., 2016. Relationships, in: Signori, P., Golicic, S.L. (Eds.), Contemporary Wine Marketing and Supply Chain Management: A Global Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 45–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. It May Benefit Lady Birds to Get Divorced [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Passenger Rail Security: Federal Strategy and Enhanced Coordination Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts (No. GAO-07-583T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horvath, C.P., 2012. Comparison of waste heat driven and electrically driven cooling systems for a high ambient temperature, off-grid application (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fink, S., Risen, J., Savage, C., 2017. New Details of C.I.A. Torture, and a New Clash. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Luo and Ecker, 2015; Macilwain, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luo and Ecker, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Eisebitt et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleRemote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment
AbbreviationRemote Sens. Appl. Soc. Environ.
ISSN (print)2352-9385

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