How to format your references using the Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bolnick, D.I., 2001. Intraspecific competition favours niche width expansion in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 410, 463–466.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shirey, S.B., Richardson, S.H., 2011. Start of the Wilson cycle at 3 Ga shown by diamonds from subcontinental mantle. Science 333, 434–436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, H., Zones, S.I., Davis, M.E., 2003. A combustion-free methodology for synthesizing zeolites and zeolite-like materials. Nature 425, 385–388.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ghai, R., Mizuno, C.M., Picazo, A., Camacho, A., Rodriguez-Valera, F., 2013. Metagenomics uncovers a new group of low GC and ultra-small marine Actinobacteria. Sci. Rep. 3, 2471.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beg, D., Kuhlmann, U., Davaine, L., Braun, B., 2012. Design of Plated Structures. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Zschocke, J., Baumgartner, M., Morava, E., Patterson, M., Rahman, S., Peters, V. (Eds.), 2015. JIMD Reports, Volume 18, JIMD Reports. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vick, A., Vydyanathan, A., Safi, T., Gritsenko, K., 2015. Perioperative Considerations in Pharmacology, in: Kaye, A.D., Kaye, A.M., Urman, R.D. (Eds.), Essentials of Pharmacology for Anesthesia, Pain Medicine, and Critical Care. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 87–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Horses Have Similar Facial Expressions As Humans And Chimps [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Department of Education: Information on Consolidation Opportunities and Student Aid (No. T-HEHS-95-130). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton, S.R., 2009. Freshman transition programs: Effect on ninth grade student preparedness (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Against All Odds, Mets Overcome a Season of Adversity and Clinch a Playoff Berth. New York Times SP11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bolnick, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bolnick, 2001; Shirey and Richardson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shirey and Richardson, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghai et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRemote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment
AbbreviationRemote Sens. Appl. Soc. Environ.
ISSN (print)2352-9385

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