How to format your references using the Regional Studies in Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Regional Studies in Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A., 2003. Membrane proteins: channel voyager makes waves. Nature 426, 755.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thomas, D.N., Dieckmann, G.S., 2002. Antarctic Sea ice--a habitat for extremophiles. Science 295, 641–644.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hermans, T.M., Frauenrath, H., Stellacci, F., 2013. Materials science. Droplets out of equilibrium. Science 341, 243–244.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ruepp, A., Graml, W., Santos-Martinez, M.L., Koretke, K.K., Volker, C., Mewes, H.W., Frishman, D., Stocker, S., Lupas, A.N., Baumeister, W., 2000. The genome sequence of the thermoacidophilic scavenger Thermoplasma acidophilum. Nature 407, 508–513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumann, W., 2006. Dynamics of the Bacterial Chromosome. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Blondel, P., Mason, J.W. (Eds.), 2006. Solar System Update, Springer Praxis Books. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Nason, R.W., Pathak, K.A., 2012. Management of the N0 Neck in Oral Cancer, in: Pathak, K.A., Nason, R.W. (Eds.), Controversies in Oral Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer Clinics. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 51–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Regional Studies in Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Researchers Translate Chimpanzee “Language” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Aviation Security: Secure Flight Development and Testing Under Way, but Risks Should Be Managed as System Is Further Developed (No. GAO-05-356). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saguilig, L.G., 2017. A Clinical Decision Support System for the Prevention of Genetic-Related Heart Disease (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stelter, B., 2013. Waking Up On The Wrong Side Of A Rating War. New York Times MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2003; Thomas and Dieckmann, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thomas and Dieckmann, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ruepp et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleRegional Studies in Marine Science
AbbreviationReg. Stud. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)2352-4855

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