How to format your references using the Regional Studies in Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Regional Studies in Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hope, T.J., 2015. VIROLOGY. Visualizing trans-infection. Science 350, 511–512.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szathmáry, E., Számadó, S., 2008. Being human: language: a social history of words. Nature 456, 40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Humayun, M., Qin, L., Norman, M.D., 2004. Geochemical evidence for excess iron in the mantle beneath Hawaii. Science 306, 91–94.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gao, D., Nolan, D.J., Mellick, A.S., Bambino, K., McDonnell, K., Mittal, V., 2008. Endothelial progenitor cells control the angiogenic switch in mouse lung metastasis. Science 319, 195–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bottomley, G.E., 2011. Channel Equalization for Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dumitraşcu, N. (Ed.), 2016. The Ecumenical Legacy of the Cappadocians, Pathways for Ecumenical and Interreligious Dialogue. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferner, R.E., 2011. Psychological Impact of the Neurofibromatoses, in: Huson, S.M., Evans, D.G.R. (Eds.), Neurofibromatoses in Clinical Practice. Springer, London, pp. 129–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Regional Studies in Marine Science.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Bornean Orangutans Now Considered Critically Endangered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Cable Television and a Regulatory Policy (No. CED-76-124). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, B., 2010. From Cybernetics to Cyber Networks: Norbert Wiener, the Soviet Internet, and the Cold War Dawn of Information Universalism (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C., 2016. Old Friends, Sifting Grief at a Reunion. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hope, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hope, 2015; Szathmáry and Számadó, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szathmáry and Számadó, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRegional Studies in Marine Science
AbbreviationReg. Stud. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)2352-4855

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