How to format your references using the Regional Studies in Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Regional Studies in Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayer-Schönberger, V., 2009. Sociology. Can we reinvent the Internet? Science 325, 396–397.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujii, N., Graybiel, A.M., 2003. Representation of action sequence boundaries by macaque prefrontal cortical neurons. Science 301, 1246–1249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohl, F.W., Scheich, H., Freeman, W.J., 2001. Change in pattern of ongoing cortical activity with auditory category learning. Nature 412, 733–736.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Venegas, C., Kumar, S., Franklin, B.S., Dierkes, T., Brinkschulte, R., Tejera, D., Vieira-Saecker, A., Schwartz, S., Santarelli, F., Kummer, M.P., Griep, A., Gelpi, E., Beilharz, M., Riedel, D., Golenbock, D.T., Geyer, M., Walter, J., Latz, E., Heneka, M.T., 2017. Microglia-derived ASC specks cross-seed amyloid-β in Alzheimer’s disease. Nature 552, 355–361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liebhart, R., Chandramouli, D., Wong, C., Merkel, J., 2015. LTE for Public Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Robertson, M.M. (Ed.), 2011. Ergonomics and Health Aspects of Work with Computers: International Conference, EHAWC 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Johannes, W.J., Smilde, P.L., 2009. Gravity Anomalies and Disturbances: Reductions and Analyses, in: Smilde, P.L. (Ed.), Gravity Interpretation: Fundamentals and Application of Gravity Inversion and Geological Interpretation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 151–179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Regional Studies in Marine Science.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Zimbabwe Sell 24 Wild-Caught Baby Elephants to China [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Customs Modernization (No. AIMD-97-43R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bade, L.L., 2010. Extending the benefits of alcohol and drug treatment: An exploration of volunteer utilization and delivery of recovery services (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Sing a Song of Face Creams. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mayer-Schönberger, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fujii and Graybiel, 2003; Mayer-Schönberger, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fujii and Graybiel, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Venegas et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleRegional Studies in Marine Science
AbbreviationReg. Stud. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)2352-4855

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