How to format your references using the Regional Studies in Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Regional Studies in Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ackert, R.P., Jr, 2003. Glaciology. An ice sheet remembers. Science 299, 57–58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burch, C.L., Chao, L., 2000. Evolvability of an RNA virus is determined by its mutational neighbourhood. Nature 406, 625–628.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wallis, J.D., Anderson, K.C., Miller, E.K., 2001. Single neurons in prefrontal cortex encode abstract rules. Nature 411, 953–956.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aronson, R.B., Precht, W.F., Macintyre, I.G., Murdoch, T.J., 2000. Coral bleach-out in Belize. Nature 405, 36.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moreau, E., Adali, T., 2013. Blind Identification and Separation of Complex-Valued Signals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Flint, G., Rusbridge, C. (Eds.), 2014. Syringomyelia: A Disorder of CSF Circulation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdelgawad, A., Bayoumi, M., 2012. Proposed Distributed Kalman Filter, in: Bayoumi, M. (Ed.), Resource-Aware Data Fusion Algorithms for Wireless Sensor Networks, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 77–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Regional Studies in Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Even Educated Fleas Do It … But Is Animal Sex Spicier Than We Thought? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Commuter Rail: Commuter Rail Issues Should Be Considered in Debate over Amtrak (No. GAO-06-470). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simonsen, A.E., 2010. Risk and resilience: Girls’ experiences navigating space and relationships in a secure residential facility (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2011. William Schreyer, 83, Merrill Chief, Dies. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ackert, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ackert, 2003; Burch and Chao, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burch and Chao, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Aronson et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleRegional Studies in Marine Science
AbbreviationReg. Stud. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)2352-4855

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