How to format your references using the Regional Studies in Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Regional Studies in Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruiz, J., 2014. The early heat loss evolution of Mars and their implications for internal and environmental history. Sci. Rep. 4, 4338.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cummings, C.A., Relman, D.A., 2002. Genomics and microbiology. Microbial forensics--"cross-examining pathogens". Science 296, 1976–1979.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mashchenko, S., Couchman, H.M.P., Wadsley, J., 2006. The removal of cusps from galaxy centres by stellar feedback in the early Universe. Nature 442, 539–542.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Romero, H.E., Bolton, K., Rosén, A., Eklund, P.C., 2005. Atom collision-induced resistivity of carbon nanotubes. Science 307, 89–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdullaeva, Z., 2017. Nano- and Biomaterials. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Carneiro, R., Lefrere, P., Steffens, K., Underwood, J. (Eds.), 2011. Self-Regulated Learning in Technology Enhanced Learning Environments: A European Perspective, Technology Enhanced Learning. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Pradhan, J.P., Das, K., 2016. Exports By SMEs: Subnational Patterns and Determinants, in: Das, K. (Ed.), Manufacturing Exports from Indian States: Determinants and Policy Imperatives, India Studies in Business and Economics. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 71–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Regional Studies in Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. British Student No Longer Wants to Travel to Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Federally Leased Vehicles: Agencies Should Strengthen Assessment Processes to Reduce Underutilized Vehicles (No. GAO-16-136). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herrera, E.C., 2010. Emancipating youth from foster care: A content analysis of existing literature (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Indelible Name Added to a Roster of Regrets. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruiz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cummings and Relman, 2002; Ruiz, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cummings and Relman, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Romero et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleRegional Studies in Marine Science
AbbreviationReg. Stud. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)2352-4855

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