How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Veevers, “Geophysics: earth’s longest fossil rift-valley system,” Nature, vol. 479, no. 7373, pp. 304–306, Nov. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. M. Tice and D. R. Lowe, “Photosynthetic microbial mats in the 3,416-Myr-old ocean,” Nature, vol. 431, no. 7008, pp. 549–552, Sep. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. D. Westover, D. A. Bushnell, and R. D. Kornberg, “Structural basis of transcription: separation of RNA from DNA by RNA polymerase II,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5660, pp. 1014–1016, Feb. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Tadaki et al., “The gravitationally unstable gas disk of a starburst galaxy 12 billion years ago,” Nature, vol. 560, no. 7720, pp. 613–616, Aug. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Yu and D. Tao, Modern Machine Learning Techniques and Their Applications in Cartoon Animation Research. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
C. Brienza and P. Johnston, Eds., Cultures of Comics Work. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Bogdanov, R. Talviste, and J. Willemson, “Deploying Secure Multi-Party Computation for Financial Data Analysis,” in Financial Cryptography and Data Security: 16th International Conference, FC 2012, Kralendijk, Bonaire, Februray 27-March 2, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, A. D. Keromytis, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Chimps Use Spears To Hunt,” IFLScience, 16-Apr-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “B-2 Bomber: Review of the Air Force’s Decision to Change Extremely High Frequency Satellite Communications Antennas,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-11-180R, Dec. 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. A. Bergh, “Reconfiguring academic priorities: Through the eyes of Michigan community college Chief Academic Officers,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Like Cubs, the Nationals Seek to End a Drought,” New York Times, p. B9, 13-Oct-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.
ISSN (print)0018-9499
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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