How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. A. Benner, “Comment on ‘A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus,’” Science, vol. 332, no. 6034, pp. 1149; author reply 1149, Jun. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Schoenemann and E. N. K. Clarkson, “Discovery of some 400 million year-old sensory structures in the compound eyes of trilobites,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1429, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Zwerger, H. J. Briegel, and W. Dür, “Hybrid architecture for encoded measurement-based quantum computation,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5364, Jun. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. U. Clark et al., “The Last Glacial Maximum,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5941, pp. 710–714, Aug. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Sharon and M. Sharon, Graphene. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015.
An edited book
B. V. Babu et al., Eds., Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving (SocProS 2012), December 28-30, 2012, vol. 236. in Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 236. New Delhi: Springer India, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
J. N. Tsitsiklis and Y. Xu, “Efficiency Loss in a Cournot Oligopoly with Convex Market Demand,” in Game Theory for Networks: Third International ICST Conference, GameNets 2012, Vancouver, BC, Canada, May 24-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, V. Krishnamurthy, Q. Zhao, M. Huang, and Y. Wen, Eds., in Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. , Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science.

Blog post
B. Taub, “Orgasms Are Like Sexual Currency, Argues Researcher,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: HUD Needs to Better Define Commitments and Disclose Risks for Modernization Projects in Future Expenditure Plans,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-11-72, Nov. 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O. B. Graham, “The Chiron Complex: From Spiritual Bypassing to Individuation,” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Marx, “When ‘The Hokey Pokey’ Just Doesn’t Cut It,” New York Times, p. ST28, Sep. 07, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.
ISSN (print)0018-9499
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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