How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Z. Fisk, “Physics. A whiff of chemistry in heavy electron physics,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5856, pp. 1559–1560, Dec. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Brunauer and B. K. Kennedy, “Medicine. Progeria accelerates adult stem cell aging,” Science, vol. 348, no. 6239, pp. 1093–1094, Jun. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. H. Smith, H. L. Ploegh, and J. S. Weissman, “Road to ruin: targeting proteins for degradation in the endoplasmic reticulum,” Science, vol. 334, no. 6059, pp. 1086–1090, Nov. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Pauwels et al., “NINJA connects the co-repressor TOPLESS to jasmonate signalling,” Nature, vol. 464, no. 7289, pp. 788–791, Apr. 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O. Coussy, Poromechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
M. Étienne, Ed., Companion Modelling: A Participatory Approach to Support Sustainable Development. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Esch, “Foraging Honey Bees: How Foragers Determine and Transmit Information About Feeding Site Locations,” in Honeybee Neurobiology and Behavior: A Tribute to Randolf Menzel, C. G. Galizia, D. Eisenhardt, and M. Giurfa, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Is Bullying Worse Than Child Abuse When It Comes To Mental Health?,” IFLScience, Apr. 30, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Highway Safety: Preliminary Observations on Efforts to Implement Changes in the Highway Safety Improvement Program Since SAFETEA-LU,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-08-1015T, Jul. 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y. Liang, “Studies of E. coli YidC and Other Factors for Membrane Protein Insertion,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Clarey, “American Contingent’s Strength Is in Numbers, and Youth,” New York Times, p. B9, Jan. 18, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.
ISSN (print)0018-9499
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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