How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Lewis, “From signals to patterns: space, time, and mathematics in developmental biology,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5900, pp. 399–403, Oct. 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. P. Dotto and G. Cotsarelis, “Developmental biology. Rac1 up for epidermal stem cells,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5736, pp. 890–891, Aug. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. L. Furman, F. Murray, and S. Stern, “More for the research dollar,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7325, pp. 757–758, Dec. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. A. Wardle, G. Hörnberg, O. Zackrisson, M. Kalela-Brundin, and D. A. Coomes, “Long-term effects of wildfire on ecosystem properties across an island area gradient,” Science, vol. 300, no. 5621, pp. 972–975, May 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Svensson, Cable-Stayed Bridges. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2012.
An edited book
A. K. Agarwal, A. Pandey, A. K. Gupta, S. K. Aggarwal, and A. Kushari, Eds., Novel Combustion Concepts for Sustainable Energy Development. New Delhi: Springer India, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
D. W. Brown, D. V. Duchane, G. Heiken, and V. T. Hriscu, “Planning and Drilling of the Phase II Boreholes,” in Mining the Earth’s Heat: Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy, D. V. Duchane, G. Heiken, and V. T. Hriscu, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 237–312.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “New Observations Nearly Double The Number Of Ancient Quasars Known,” IFLScience, Sep. 13, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Non-Federal Computer Acquisition Practices Provide Useful Information for Streamlining Federal Methods,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AFMD-81-104, Oct. 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Springborn, “The Importance of Teacher/Student Relationships,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Puerto Rico Debt Plan Prioritizes Pensions,” New York Times, p. B1, Feb. 25, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.
ISSN (print)0018-9499
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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