How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. C. Ralph, “The electromotive force of MnAs nanoparticles,” Nature, vol. 474, no. 7350, p. E6, Jun. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Chiarugi and M. A. Moskowitz, “Cell biology. PARP-1--a perpetrator of apoptotic cell death?,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5579, pp. 200–201, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Kohguchi, T. Suzuki, and M. H. Alexander, “Fully state-resolved differential cross sections for the inelastic scattering of the open-shell NO molecule by Ar,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5543, pp. 832–834, Oct. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Peng et al., “The effect of hydration number on the interfacial transport of sodium ions,” Nature, vol. 557, no. 7707, pp. 701–705, May 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Gabler, Sociology for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
H. Tillema, G. J. van der Westhuizen, and K. Smith, Eds., Mentoring for Learning: “Climbing the Mountain.” Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
N. D. Lane, H. Lu, S. B. Eisenman, and A. T. Campbell, “Cooperative Techniques Supporting Sensor-Based People-Centric Inferencing,” in Pervasive Computing: 6th International Conference, Pervasive 2008 Sydney, Australia, May 19-22, 2008 Proceedings, J. Indulska, D. J. Patterson, T. Rodden, and M. Ott, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, pp. 75–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Kuwait Scorched By 54-Degree Heat On Hottest Day Ever In Eastern Hemisphere,” IFLScience, Jul. 25, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Child Support Enforcement: Certification Process for State Information Systems,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AIMD-98-134, Jun. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. H. Austin, “Performing the past: Two pageant traditions in Nauvoo, Illinois,” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. L. Kelly, “For Employed Moms, the Pinnacle Of Stress Comes After Work Ends,” New York Times, p. 1518, Jun. 13, 1999.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.
ISSN (print)0018-9499
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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