How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Loder, “Unfavourable economics put postdocs across Europe under strain,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6802, pp. 427–429, Sep. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Z.-F. Yang and J.-H. Zhou, “Can we identify source lithology of basalt?,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1856, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. L. Heeney, A. G. Dalgleish, and R. A. Weiss, “Origins of HIV and the evolution of resistance to AIDS,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5786, pp. 462–466, Jul. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. N. Garzione et al., “Rise of the Andes,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5881, pp. 1304–1307, Jun. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Blackford and U. Schüklenk, 50 Great Myths about Atheism. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Y. Lin, Audio Watermark: A Comprehensive Foundation Using MATLAB. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Hogenboom, V. Milea, F. Frasincar, and U. Kaymak, “RDF-GL: A SPARQL-Based Graphical Query Language for RDF,” in Emergent Web Intelligence: Advanced Information Retrieval, R. Chbeir, Y. Badr, A. Abraham, and A.-E. Hassanien, Eds., in Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing. London: Springer, 2010, pp. 87–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “NASA Flying Saucer Test Launch Delayed,” IFLScience, Jun. 03, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Commercial Maritime Industry: Supplemental Information on Federal Assessments,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-99-260S, Sep. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. B. Gowetski, “Manipulation of DNA topology using an artificial DNA-looping protein,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, “Win Doesn’t Quiet Talk Over a Suspicious Loss,” New York Times, p. SP5, Sep. 01, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.
ISSN (print)0018-9499
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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