How to format your references using the Reflective Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reflective Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, G. (2003). US societies unite in plea for boost to research budgets. Nature, 421(6919), 100.
A journal article with 2 authors
Denicourt, C., & Dowdy, S. F. (2004). Medicine. Targeting apoptotic pathways in cancer cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5689), 1411–1413.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deller, A. T., Bailes, M., & Tingay, S. J. (2009). Implications of a VLBI distance to the double pulsar J0737-3039A/B. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5919), 1327–1329.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Suzuki, Y., Kelly, S. D., Kemner, K. M., & Banfield, J. F. (2002). Nanometre-size products of uranium bioreduction. Nature, 419(6903), 134.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yoder, C. H., Leber, P. A., & Thomsen, M. W. (2010). The Bridge to Organic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dan, M. B., Přikryl, R., & Török, Á. (Eds.). (2010). Materials, Technologies and Practice in Historic Heritage Structures. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Trucchia, F., & Romei, J. (2010). Test-First Development. In J. Romei, M. Lowman, C. Andres, S. Anglin, M. Beckner, E. Buckingham, G. Cornell, J. Gennick, J. Hassell, M. Moodie, D. Parkes, J. Pepper, F. Pohlmann, D. Pundick, B. Renow-Clarke, D. Shakeshaft, M. Wade, T. Welsh, A. Castro, & M. A. Fugate (Eds.), Pro PHP Refactoring (pp. 57–62). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reflective Practice.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, May 16). The Dino-Killing Asteroid Picked The Perfect Spot To Slam Into The Planet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Drug Abuse Control Program Activities in Okinawa (B-164031(2)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pecue, C. J. (2015). Utilizing Audiovisual Stimuli in the Classroom to Facilitate Pronunciation of French Stop Consonants [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (2003, December 7). It’s 8 O’Clock. Time for the Penguin to Explode. New York Times, 742.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel, 2003; Denicourt & Dowdy, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Denicourt & Dowdy, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Deller et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Suzuki et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleReflective Practice
ISSN (print)1462-3943
ISSN (online)1470-1103

Other styles