How to format your references using the Reflective Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reflective Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Erwin, D. H. (2015). RETROSPECTIVE. Eric Davidson (1937-2015). Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6260), 517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rosegrant, M. W., & Cline, S. A. (2003). Global food security: challenges and policies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1917–1919.
A journal article with 3 authors
Szlufarska, I., Nakano, A., & Vashishta, P. (2005). A crossover in the mechanical response of nanocrystalline ceramics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5736), 911–914.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lyamin, O., Pryaslova, J., Lance, V., & Siegel, J. (2005). Animal behaviour: continuous activity in cetaceans after birth. Nature, 435(7046), 1177.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou, C. (2010). Design and Analysis of Composite Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schwab, M. (Ed.). (2011). Encyclopedia of Cancer (3rd ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Antonucci, A. (2012). An Interval-Valued Dissimilarity Measure for Belief Functions Based on Credal Semantics. In T. Denoeux & M.-H. Masson (Eds.), Belief Functions: Theory and Applications: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Belief Functions, Compiègne, France 9-11 May 2012 (pp. 37–44). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reflective Practice.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 12). Jumping Snails Prevail In Warm, Acidic Waters. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Army Training: Improvements Are Needed in 5-Ton Truck Driver Training and Supervision (GAO-01-436). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belflower, K. E. (2012). The relationship between demographic and employment variables of job satisfaction among emergency nurses [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas, R., & Mueller, B. (2015, September 16). Defiant Pledge Fought Back in Fatal Hazing, Report Says. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Erwin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Erwin, 2015; Rosegrant & Cline, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rosegrant & Cline, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Szlufarska et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lyamin et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleReflective Practice
ISSN (print)1462-3943
ISSN (online)1470-1103

Other styles