How to format your references using the Reflective Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reflective Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lea, D. W. (2014). Oceans. Not so permanent El Niño. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6179), 52–53.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuwahara, H., & Gao, X. (2013). Stochastic effects as a force to increase the complexity of signaling networks. Scientific Reports, 3, 2297.
A journal article with 3 authors
von Melchner, L., Pallas, S. L., & Sur, M. (2000). Visual behaviour mediated by retinal projections directed to the auditory pathway. Nature, 404(6780), 871–876.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Terabe, K., Hasegawa, T., Nakayama, T., & Aono, M. (2005). Quantized conductance atomic switch. Nature, 433(7021), 47–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelsey, J. E., Newport, D. J., & Nemeroff, C. B. (2006). Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Faro, S. H., & Mohamed, F. B. (Eds.). (2010). BOLD fMRI: A Guide to Functional Imaging for Neuroscientists. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Burkle, M., & Magee, M. (2014). Research Challenges for Education in Video-Games and Virtual Reality. In G. B. Gudmundsdottir & K. B. Vasbø (Eds.), Methodological Challenges When Exploring Digital Learning Spaces in Education (pp. 45–61). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reflective Practice.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, July 14). Artificial Sweeteners Increase Flies’ Appetites. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Perkins Student Loans: Options That Could Make the Program More Financially Independent (HRD-92-6). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers, R. (2017). What Qualities Make an Effective Teacher Labor Union Leader? [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tackett, M. (2017, October 28). Virginia Election May Hinge on Immigrants. Will They Vote? New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lea, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kuwahara & Gao, 2013; Lea, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuwahara & Gao, 2013)
  • Three authors: (von Melchner et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Terabe et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleReflective Practice
ISSN (print)1462-3943
ISSN (online)1470-1103

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