How to format your references using the Reflective Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reflective Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R. A. (2000). OIL OUTLOOK:USGS Optimistic on World Oil Prospects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5477), 237.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaut, B. S., & Ross-Ibarra, J. (2008). Selection on major components of angiosperm genomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5875), 484–486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Frommer, W. B., Schulze, W. X., & Lalonde, S. (2003). Plant science. Hexokinase, Jack-of-all-trades. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5617), 261–263.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sabater, D., Arriarán, S., Romero, M. del M., Agnelli, S., Remesar, X., Fernández-López, J. A., & Alemany, M. (2014). Cultured 3T3L1 adipocytes dispose of excess medium glucose as lactate under abundant oxygen availability. Scientific Reports, 4, 3663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinn, J. F. (2013). Dementia. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Picardo, M., & Taïeb, A. (Eds.). (2010). Vitiligo. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rebohle, L., & Skorupa, W. (2010). Electroluminescence Efficiency. In W. Skorupa (Ed.), Rare-Earth Implanted MOS Devices for Silicon Photonics: Microstructural, Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties (pp. 85–116). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reflective Practice.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, February 7). Scientists Can Now Submit Proposals To Use NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Opportunities to Reduce Fragmentation, Overlap, and Potential Duplication in Federal Teacher Quality and Employment and Training Programs (No. GAO-11-509T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munz, J. A. (2017). Assessing the Value of Educational Competencies of Healthcare Leaders and Organizational Factors: A Case Study Analysis (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, June 19). Justices Back Underwriters On New Issues. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gaut & Ross-Ibarra, 2008; Kerr, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaut & Ross-Ibarra, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Frommer, Schulze, & Lalonde, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sabater et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReflective Practice
ISSN (print)1462-3943
ISSN (online)1470-1103

Other styles