How to format your references using the Reflective Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reflective Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, R. N. (2009). Detection of adsorbed water and hydroxyl on the Moon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5952), 562–564.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dey, S., & Joshi, A. (2006). Stability via asynchrony in Drosophila metapopulations with low migration rates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5772), 434–436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gung, Y., Panning, M., & Romanowicz, B. (2003). Global anisotropy and the thickness of continents. Nature, 422(6933), 707–711.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lippman, A., Newman, S. A., Testa, G., & Harris, J. (2005). The Ethics of Deriving Gametes from ES Cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5709), 515c–517c.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, I., Gaudard, M. A., & Stephens, M. L. (2016). Visual Six Sigma, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pavlova, M. (Ed.). (2009). Technology and Vocational Education for Sustainable Development: Empowering Individuals for the Future (Vol. 10). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, K., Park, H., Ko, J., Kim, Y.-R., & Han, S. S. (2010). Finding Elite Voters in Daum View: Using Media Credibility Measures. In J. G. Breslin, T. N. Burg, H.-G. Kim, T. Raftery, & J.-H. Schmidt (Eds.), Recent Trends and Developments in Social Software: International Conferences on Social Software, BlogTalk 2008, Cork, Ireland, March 3-4, 2008, and BlogTalk 2009, Jeju Island, South Korea, September 15-16, 2009. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 38–45). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reflective Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, March 30). How Our Autistic Ancestors Played An Important Role In Human Evolution. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Intercity Passenger Rail: Increasing Amtrak’s Accountability for Its Taxpayer Relief Act Funds (T-RCED-00-116). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, R. A. (2009). Examining coping skills used to deal with daily stressors of law enforcement [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, October 2). roberts court may be defined in second term. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clark, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Clark, 2009; Dey & Joshi, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dey & Joshi, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Gung et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lippman et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleReflective Practice
ISSN (print)1462-3943
ISSN (online)1470-1103

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