How to format your references using the Reflective Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reflective Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fan, X. (2003). Astronomy. Black holes at the cosmic dawn. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5620), 752–753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Manne, A. S., & Richels, R. G. (2001). An alternative approach to establishing trade-offs among greenhouse gases. Nature, 410(6829), 675–677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kennedy, M., Mrofka, D., & von der Borch, C. (2008). Snowball Earth termination by destabilization of equatorial permafrost methane clathrate. Nature, 453(7195), 642–645.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bhattacharya, S., Narasimha, S., Roy, A., & Banerjee, S. (2014). Does shining light on gold colloids influence aggregation? Scientific Reports, 4, 5213.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simpkins, C. A., & Simpkins, A. M. (2011). Zen Meditation in Psychotherapy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dettmer-Wilde, K., & Engewald, W. (Eds.). (2014). Practical Gas Chromatography: A Comprehensive Reference. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rohan, J. F., & Thompson, D. (2014). Frontiers of Cu Electrodeposition and Electroless Plating for On-chip Interconnects. In K. Kondo, R. N. Akolkar, D. P. Barkey, & M. Yokoi (Eds.), Copper Electrodeposition for Nanofabrication of Electronics Devices (pp. 99–113). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reflective Practice.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, June 20). California Legislature Votes To Fund Country’s First Gun Violence Research Unit. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-97-18(2)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crump, S. (2015). The efficacy of an academic behavior assessment tool for the functional behavior assessment process [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., & Scott, M. (2016, August 30). Deal for Apple on Irish Taxes Is Ruled Illegal. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fan, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Fan, 2003; Manne & Richels, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Manne & Richels, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Kennedy et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bhattacharya et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReflective Practice
ISSN (print)1462-3943
ISSN (online)1470-1103

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