How to format your references using the REACH - Reviews in Human Space Exploration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for REACH - Reviews in Human Space Exploration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Basri G. Astronomy. Big fields on small stars. Science 2006;311:618–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guiver MD, Lee YM. Materials science. Polymer rigidity improves microporous membranes. Science 2013;339:284–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raihani NJ, Grutter AS, Bshary R. Punishers benefit from third-party punishment in fish. Science 2010;327:171.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kerssemakers JW, van der Molen SJ, Koeman NJ, Gunther R, Griessen R. Pixel switching of epitaxial Pd/YHx/CaF2 switchable mirrors. Nature 2000;406:489–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sundar V. Ocean Wave Mechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Hou C. Surgical Atlas of Perforator Flaps: A Microsurgical Dissection Technique. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang K-L, Hsieh Y-M, Liu C-N, Chen J-R, Wu C-M, Lin S-Y, et al. Using Motion Sensor for Landslide Monitoring and Hazard Mitigation. In: Leung H, Chandra Mukhopadhyay S, editors. Intelligent Environmental Sensing, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 111–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for REACH - Reviews in Human Space Exploration.

Blog post
Hale T. The “Gateway To The Underworld” In Siberia Was Created By Climate Change. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Follow-up National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
VanQuickenborne T. Exploring generative change. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. King of Shish Kabob (With Mother-in-Law’s Help). New York Times 2010:NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleREACH - Reviews in Human Space Exploration
ISSN (print)2352-3093
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles