How to format your references using the Journal of Memory and Language citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Memory and Language. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag, H. (2003). Building bridges. Nature, 425(6960), 882–883.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacob, L., & Lum, L. (2007). Deconstructing the hedgehog pathway in development and disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5847), 66–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Georgellis, D., Kwon, O., & Lin, E. C. (2001). Quinones as the redox signal for the arc two-component system of bacteria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5525), 2314–2316.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Orgovan, N., Peter, B., Bősze, S., Ramsden, J. J., Szabó, B., & Horvath, R. (2014). Dependence of cancer cell adhesion kinetics on integrin ligand surface density measured by a high-throughput label-free resonant waveguide grating biosensor. Scientific Reports, 4, 4034.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ko, C. J., & Barr, R. J. (2011). Dermatopathology. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Weaver, J. L. (2012). Pro JavaFX 2: A Definitive Guide to Rich Clients with Java Technology (W. Gao, S. Chin, D. Iverson, & J. Vos, Eds.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Turechek, W. W. (2006). The practical considerations of scale in plant pathology. In B. M. Cooke (Ed.), Plant disease epidemiology: facing challenges of the 21st Century: Under the aegis of an International Plant Disease Epidemiology Workshop held at Landernau, France, 10–15th April, 2005 (pp. 53–59). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Memory and Language.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 3). Celebrity Selfies Helped us to Uncover How Memories are Formed in the Brain. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Handling of Bid Protests Involving Automatic Data Processing Equipment Procurements (B-158766). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Palmer, C. M. (2010). Intramural scheduling time preferences to increase student participation [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soloski, A. (2015, May 6). The Ethics of Telling Someone Else’s Story. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hoag, 2003; Jacob & Lum, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jacob & Lum, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Georgellis et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Orgovan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Memory and Language
AbbreviationJ. Mem. Lang.
ISSN (print)0749-596X
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
Linguistics and Language

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