How to format your references using the Raffles Bulletin of Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Raffles Bulletin of Zoology (RBZ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami GF (2008) Astronomy. Gamma rays and neutron stars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5905): 1193–1194.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rutherford S & D’Hondt S (2000) Early onset and tropical forcing of 100,000-year Pleistocene glacial cycles. Nature, 408(6808): 72–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirichok Y, Krapivinsky G & Clapham DE (2004) The mitochondrial calcium uniporter is a highly selective ion channel. Nature, 427(6972): 360–364.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Allwood DA, Xiong G, Faulkner CC, Atkinson D, Petit D & Cowburn RP (2005) Magnetic domain-wall logic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5741): 1688–1692.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broekaert JAC (2005) Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Pal B (2005) Robust Control in Power Systems. Power Electronics and Power Systems (B. Chaudhuri, ed.). Springer US, Boston, MA, XXVI, 190 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramsay T, Smith W & Manderson L (2012) Brahma Kumaris: Purity and the Globalization of Faith. In: L. Manderson, W. Smith, & M. Tomlinson (eds.), Flows of Faith: Religious Reach and Community in Asia and the Pacific. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 51–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Raffles Bulletin of Zoology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014, April 21) Towers Produce Clean Drinking Water From Thin Air. IFLScience. IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) New Ways of Preparing Data for Computers Could Save Money and Time and Reduce Errors. No. FGMSD-78-39. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garibay O (2017) Towards a hybrid approach to mariachi education - Bridging the gap between formal and informal transmission of musical culture. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012, January 13) Fire Survivor and a Possible Olympian: A Horse Named Neville. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bignami, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Rutherford & D’Hondt, 2000; Bignami, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rutherford & D’Hondt, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Allwood et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleRaffles Bulletin of Zoology
ISSN (print)0217-2445
ISSN (online)2345-7600

Other styles