How to format your references using the Raffles Bulletin of Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Raffles Bulletin of Zoology (RBZ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hinnebusch AG (2015) Cell biology. Blocking stress response for better memory? Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6238): 967–968.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palumbi SR & Warner RR (2003) Ecology. Why gobies are like Hobbits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603): 51–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Markos C, Kubat I & Bang O (2014) Hybrid polymer photonic crystal fiber with integrated chalcogenide glass nanofilms. Scientific Reports, 4: 6057.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
King-Casas B, Sharp C, Lomax-Bream L, Lohrenz T, Fonagy P & Montague PR (2008) The rupture and repair of cooperation in borderline personality disorder. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5890): 806–810.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumar V & Petersen JA (2012) Statistical Methods in Customer Relationship Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Deven TV (2010) The Practice of Radiology Education: Challenges and Trends. (K. M. Hibbert & R. K. Chhem, eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XXVIII, 264 p. 18 illus., 7 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Khoury R & Harder DW (2016) Linear Algebra. In: D. W. Harder (ed.), Numerical Methods and Modelling for Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Raffles Bulletin of Zoology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015, April 14) Robot Chef That Can Cook 2,000 Meals Set To Go On Sale In 2017. IFLScience. IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Assistance Provided for the Construction of Higher Education Academic Facilities. No. 089087. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dues PM (2010) Quantitative correlation of enterprise resource planning type, success, and technology leadership style in local government. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017, April 16) An Actor’s ‘Always-Changing’ Bond With Faith. New York Times, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hinnebusch, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Palumbi & Warner, 2003; Hinnebusch, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palumbi & Warner, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (King-Casas et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRaffles Bulletin of Zoology
ISSN (print)0217-2445
ISSN (online)2345-7600

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