How to format your references using the Raffles Bulletin of Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Raffles Bulletin of Zoology (RBZ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman T (2005) Protein purification: pure but not simple. Nature, 434(7034): 795–798.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ishizaki K & Noda S (2009) Manipulation of photons at the surface of three-dimensional photonic crystals. Nature, 460(7253): 367–370.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sheffield J, Wood EF & Roderick ML (2012) Little change in global drought over the past 60 years. Nature, 491(7424): 435–438.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mullighan CG, Phillips LA, Su X, Ma J, Miller CB, Shurtleff SA & Downing JR (2008) Genomic analysis of the clonal origins of relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5906): 1377–1380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheringer M (2002) Persistence and Spatial Range of Environmental Chemicals. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Hirose A, Ozawa S, Doya K, Ikeda K, Lee M & Liu D (eds.) (2016) Neural Information Processing: 23rd International Conference, ICONIP 2016, Kyoto, Japan, October 16–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, Volume 9948, XIX, 739 p. 252 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Berthold J & Loogen R (2007) Parallel Coordination Made Explicit in a Functional Setting. In: Z. Horváth, V. Zsók, & A. Butterfield (eds.), Implementation and Application of Functional Languages: 18th International Symposium, IFL 2006, Budapest, Hungary, September 4-6, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 73–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Raffles Bulletin of Zoology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013, November 6) Powerful Drugs That Can Cure Hepatitis C In Just 12 Weeks to Receive FDA Approval. IFLScience. IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Commercial Aviation: Raising Passenger Facility Charges Would Increase Airport Funding, but Other Effects Less Certain. No. GAO-15-107. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rose L (2012) Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: An Exploration From Science to Soul. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2011, August 28) A No. 2 Theater Company Grabs the State Spotlight. New York Times, p. A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chapman, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Chapman, 2005; Ishizaki & Noda, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ishizaki & Noda, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Mullighan et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRaffles Bulletin of Zoology
ISSN (print)0217-2445
ISSN (online)2345-7600

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