How to format your references using the Raffles Bulletin of Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Raffles Bulletin of Zoology (RBZ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huarte M (2009) Journal club. A biologist looks at new functions for non-coding RNAs. Nature, 459(7246): 487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wallace SC & Wang X (2004) Two new carnivores from an unusual late Tertiary forest biota in eastern North America. Nature, 431(7008): 556–559.
A journal article with 3 authors
Osta MA, Christophides GK & Kafatos FC (2004) Effects of mosquito genes on Plasmodium development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666): 2030–2032.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cobo I, Martinelli P, Flández M, Bakiri L, Zhang M, Carrillo-de-Santa-Pau E, Jia J, Sánchez-Arévalo Lobo VJ, Megías D, Felipe I, Del Pozo N, Millán I, Thommesen L, Bruland T, Olson SH, Smith J, Schoonjans K, Bamlet WR, Petersen GM, Malats N, Amundadottir LT, Wagner EF & Real FX (2018) Transcriptional regulation by NR5A2 links differentiation and inflammation in the pancreas. Nature, 554(7693): 533–537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben Chouikha M (2016) Organizational Design for Knowledge Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Granneman S (2010) Mac OS X Snow Leopard for Power Users. (C. Andres, D. Pundick, S. Anglin, M. Beckner, E. Buckingham, G. Cornell, J. Gennick, J. Hassell, M. Lowman, M. Moodie, D. Parkes, J. Pepper, F. Pohlmann, B. Renow-Clarke, D. Shakeshaft, M. Wade, T. Welsh, K. Moritz, & R. Moore, eds.). Apress, Berkeley, CA, 480 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Villela-Petit M (2009) The Transcendental and the Singular: Husserl and the Existential Thinkers Between the Two World Wars. In: A.-T. Tymieniecka (ed.), Phenomenology and Existentialism in the Twentieth Century: Book One New Waves of Philosophical Inspirations. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 31–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Raffles Bulletin of Zoology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017, June 13) A Climate Change Study Just Got Canceled Due To Climate Change. IFLScience. IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Comments on Proposed FPR Subpart. No. B-203515. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGrath PM (2013) Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008: A policy analysis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010, September 16) Settled in the City, But Still in a Hurry Every Weekend. New York Times, p. B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huarte, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Wallace & Wang, 2004; Huarte, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wallace & Wang, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Cobo et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleRaffles Bulletin of Zoology
ISSN (print)0217-2445
ISSN (online)2345-7600

Other styles