How to format your references using the Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Hilton, Nature, 2015, 523, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. U. Haq and S. R. Schutter, Science, 2008, 322, 64–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Miyazaki, K. Sueyoshi and T. Hiraga, Nature, 2013, 502, 321–326.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Fang, H. Jayaram, T. Shane, L. Kolmakova-Partensky, F. Wu, C. Williams, Y. Xiong and C. Miller, Nature, 2009, 460, 1040–1043.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Banerjee and V. Lawrence, Managing Dementia in a Multicultural Society, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
L. Chen, S. Kapoor and R. Bhatia, Eds., Intelligent Systems for Science and Information: Extended and Selected Results from the Science and Information Conference 2013, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014, vol. 542.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Bruns and P. A. Warren, in Behavioral Health Disability: Innovations in Prevention and Management, ed. P. A. Warren, Springer, New York, NY, 2011, pp. 73–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers.

Blog post
E. Andrew, First Close-Up Photograph Of Pluto’s Surface Released,, (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Communications Commission: Federal Advisory Committees Follow Requirements, but FCC Should Improve Its Process for Appointing Committee Members, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. M. Rholdon, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, New York Times, 2010, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInorganic Chemistry Frontiers
AbbreviationInorg. Chem. Front.
ISSN (online)2052-1553

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