How to format your references using the Evolutionary Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mascola JR (2015) HIV. The modern era of HIV-1 vaccine development. Science 349:139–140
A journal article with 2 authors
Wallenfang MR, Matunis E (2003) Developmental biology. Orienting stem cells. Science 301:1490–1491
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang J, Timusk T, Carbotte JP (2007) Scanning-tunnelling spectra of cuprates. Nature 446:E3-4
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kemp AIS, Hawkesworth CJ, Paterson BA, Kinny PD (2006) Episodic growth of the Gondwana supercontinent from hafnium and oxygen isotopes in zircon. Nature 439:580–583

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli D (2005) Nanotechnology Applications to Telecommunications and Networking. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Huang T (2016) Water Pollution and Water Quality Control of Selected Chinese Reservoir Basins. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Gidal BE, Messinger MM, Noe K, Harden CL (2016) Contraception Choice in Adolescence. In: Sazgar M, Harden CL (eds) Controversies in Caring for Women with Epilepsy: Sorting Through the Evidence. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 29–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Intelligence.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Hype Around Cannabis As A Treatment For Cancer Is Undeserved. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Business Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ March 2001 Expenditure Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Araki PR (2017) Golden Years Home Residential Care Facility for the Elderly. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slater K (2010) Quotation of the Day. New York Times A3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Intelligence
AbbreviationEvol. Intell.
ISSN (print)1864-5909
ISSN (online)1864-5917
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Mathematics (miscellaneous)
Cognitive Neuroscience

Other styles