How to format your references using the Evolutionary Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall E (2008) Clinical trials and tribulations. Lemons, oranges, and complexity. Introduction. Science 322:209
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller LH, Greenwood B (2002) Malaria--a shadow over Africa. Science 298:121–122
A journal article with 3 authors
Kunchulia M, Pilz KS, Herzog MH (2014) Small effects of smoking on visual spatiotemporal processing. Sci Rep 4:7316
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Paul-Prasanth B, Bhandari RK, Kobayashi T, et al (2013) Estrogen oversees the maintenance of the female genetic program in terminally differentiated gonochorists. Sci Rep 3:2862

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berto F (2009) There’s Something about Gödel. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Peters JF, Skowron A (2005) Transactions on Rough Sets III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Deng X, Wang Y, Wu F, et al (2014) The Integrated CGE Model Construction. In: Wang Y, Wu F, Zhang T, Li Z (eds) Integrated River Basin Management: Practice Guideline for the IO Table Compilation and CGE Modeling. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Intelligence.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Researchers Discover Huge Underground Neolithic “Super-Henge.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Vocational Education: Changes at High School Level After Amendments to Perkins Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fernandes JM (2017) Physical and chemical properties of Jupiter’s north and south polar vortex revealed through mid-infrared imaging. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Pain, Protest and Resistance. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Intelligence
AbbreviationEvol. Intell.
ISSN (print)1864-5909
ISSN (online)1864-5917
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Mathematics (miscellaneous)
Cognitive Neuroscience

Other styles