How to format your references using the Journal of Geography in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geography in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin, E. E. (2015). Earth science: Ocean circulation and rapid climate change. Nature, 517(7532), 30–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yin, J., & Boyce, M. C. (2015). Materials science: Unique wrinkles as identity tags. Nature, 520(7546), 164–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonneh, Y. S., Cooperman, A., & Sagi, D. (2001). Motion-induced blindness in normal observers. Nature, 411(6839), 798–801.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ideta, A., Aoyagi, Y., Tsuchiya, K., Kamijima, T., Nishimiya, Y., & Tsuda, S. (2013). A simple medium enables bovine embryos to be held for seven days at 4°C. Scientific Reports, 3, 1173.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ronen, T. (2011). The Positive Power of Imagery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wang, D. (2013). Model-based Health Monitoring of Hybrid Systems (M. Yu, C. B. Low, & S. Arogeti, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zaldivar, A. A., Torres, J. C., & Leon, A. (2010). Using Fuzzy Logic to Describe Vague Solid Models. In D. Plemenos & G. Miaoulis (Eds.), Intelligent Computer Graphics 2010 (pp. 85–104). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geography in Higher Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 9). This “Horrifying” Video Of Coca Cola Vs Coke Zero Is Actually Not Horrifying At All. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). College Tuition and Fees: Changes in the 1995-96 to 1999-2000 Period Compared With Median Household Income (HEHS-00-198R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers, S. L. (2017). Fear of Cancer and Theory of Planned Behavior as Predictors of Pap Screenings [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2006, January 1). The Legacies They Left. New York Times, 14LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Martin, 2015; Yin & Boyce, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yin & Boyce, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Bonneh et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ideta et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geography in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Geogr. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)0309-8265
ISSN (online)1466-1845
Geography, Planning and Development

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