How to format your references using the Quaternary Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaternary Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L., 2010. Protein-protein interactions: Tools for the search. Nature 468, 852.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, J., Timko, M.P., 2009. Gene-for-gene resistance in Striga-cowpea associations. Science 325, 1094.
A journal article with 3 authors
Faucher-Giguère, C.-A., Lidz, A., Hernquist, L., 2008. Numerical simulations unravel the cosmic web. Science 319, 52–55.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stockem, A., Fiuza, F., Bret, A., Fonseca, R.A., Silva, L.O., 2014. Exploring the nature of collisionless shocks under laboratory conditions. Sci. Rep. 4, 3934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen, S., 2005. Cancer Diagnostics with DNA Microarrays. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Babu, S.C., Djalalov, S. (Eds.), 2006. Policy Reforms and Agriculture Development in Central Asia, Natural Resource Management and Policy. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Saul, B., 2012. Civilising the Exception: Universally Defining Terrorism, in: Masferrer, A. (Ed.), Post 9/11 and the State of Permanent Legal Emergency: Security and Human Rights in Countering Terrorism. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 79–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaternary Science Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Climate Change Could Empty Wildlife From Australia’s Rainforests [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Federal Research and Development Budget (No. 094379). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Compagna-Doll, V.A., 2017. Unearthing the Third: The Crone in Depth Psychotherapy (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J., 2016. Mystery Ends: Date and Venue Are Set for Chess Event. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bonetta, 2010; Li and Timko, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Timko, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Stockem et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaternary Science Reviews
AbbreviationQuat. Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0277-3791
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Global and Planetary Change

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