How to format your references using the Quaternary Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaternary Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Janson, S., 2011. Computer science. Networking--smoothly does it. Science 333, 298–299.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stegemann, S., Bock, R., 2009. Exchange of genetic material between cells in plant tissue grafts. Science 324, 649–651.
A journal article with 3 authors
Larson, K.M., Bodin, P., Gomberg, J., 2003. Using 1-Hz GPS data to measure deformations caused by the Denali fault earthquake. Science 300, 1421–1424.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wittenburg, N., Eimer, S., Lakowski, B., Röhrig, S., Rudolph, C., Baumeister, R., 2000. Presenilin is required for proper morphology and function of neurons in C. elegans. Nature 406, 306–309.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeRosa, T.F., 2008. Advances in Polymer Chemistry and Methods Reported in Recent US Patents. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zaidi, H. (Ed.), 2014. Molecular Imaging of Small Animals: Instrumentation and Applications. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiles, R., Klevens, M., Hughes, E., 2014. Surveillance and Seroepidemiology, in: Kaslow, R.A., Stanberry, L.R., Le Duc, J.W. (Eds.), Viral Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaternary Science Reviews.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. US Government Says All Homeopathic Products Now Have To Admit They Don’t Work [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Information Technology Management: Improvements Needed in Strategic Planning, Performance Measurement, and Investment Management Governmentwide (No. GAO-04-478T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reser, G., 2012. Assessing the Relationship between Adult Attachment and Differentiation of Self to Coparental Divorce Adjustment (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Kelly Presses Conspiracy Theorist in Edited Interview. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Janson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Janson, 2011; Stegemann and Bock, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stegemann and Bock, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wittenburg et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaternary Science Reviews
AbbreviationQuat. Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0277-3791
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Global and Planetary Change

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