How to format your references using the Quaternary Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaternary Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caron, S.J.C., 2013. Eppendorf. Brains don’t play dice--or do they? Science 342, 574.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lindsay, M.E., Dietz, H.C., 2011. Lessons on the pathogenesis of aneurysm from heritable conditions. Nature 473, 308–316.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shin, S.-B., Golovkin, M., Reddy, A.S.N., 2014. A pollen-specific calmodulin-binding protein, NPG1, interacts with putative pectate lyases. Sci. Rep. 4, 5263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Toga, T., Kuraoka, I., Watanabe, S., Nakano, E., Takeuchi, S., Nishigori, C., Sugasawa, K., Iwai, S., 2014. Fluorescence detection of cellular nucleotide excision repair of damaged DNA. Sci. Rep. 4, 5578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis, S., 2016. Positive Psychology and Change. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tomppo, E., 2011. Designing and Conducting a Forest Inventory - case: 9th National Forest Inventory of Finland, Managing Forest Ecosystems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Banichuk, N., Jeronen, J., Neittaanmäki, P., Saksa, T., Tuovinen, T., 2014. Non-Homogeneous Tension Profile, in: Jeronen, J., Neittaanmäki, P., Saksa, T., Tuovinen, T. (Eds.), Mechanics of Moving Materials, Solid Mechanics and Its Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaternary Science Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Martian Resonance Found In 87-Million-Year-Old Rocks Confirms A Chaotic Solar System [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Enrollment and Attendance Aspects of Federal Student Financial Aid Programs (No. 092719). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ball-Miles, N.M., 2014. The relationship between witnessing verbal marital conflict as a child and the behavioral anger responses in adulthood (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2013. Musburger Criticized for Remarks About Star’s Girlfriend During Title Game. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Caron, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Caron, 2013; Lindsay and Dietz, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lindsay and Dietz, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Toga et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaternary Science Reviews
AbbreviationQuat. Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0277-3791
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Global and Planetary Change

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