How to format your references using the Quaternary Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaternary Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J., 2002. The immunopathogenesis of sepsis. Nature 420, 885–891.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klitzman, R., Appelbaum, P.S., 2012. Research ethics. To protect human subjects, review what was done, not proposed. Science 335, 1576–1577.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wootton, S.K., Halbert, C.L., Miller, A.D., 2005. Sheep retrovirus structural protein induces lung tumours. Nature 434, 904–907.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Popov, V.L., Voll, L., Li, Q., Chai, Y.S., Popov, M., 2014. Generalized law of friction between elastomers and differently shaped rough bodies. Sci. Rep. 4, 3750.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stack, T., Ostrom, L.T., Wilhelmsen, C.A., 2016. Occupational Ergonomics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Engelhard, M., Hagen, K., Boysen, M. (Eds.), 2009. Genetic Engineering in Livestock: New Applications and Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Ethics of Science and Technology Assessment. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu, J., Yang, M., Li, S., Zhao, T., 2016. Learning Bilingual Sentence Representations for Quality Estimation of Machine Translation, in: Yang, M., Liu, S. (Eds.), Machine Translation: 12th China Workshop, CWMT 2016, Urumqi, China, August 25–26, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Singapore, pp. 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaternary Science Reviews.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. The Parasite That Causes Chagas Disease Is Much More Widespread In The USA Than Previously Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. OPM Retirement Modernization: Progress Has Been Hindered by Longstanding Information Technology Management Weaknesses (No. GAO-12-430T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tovar, L., 2009. Perceived life satisfaction of previously undocumented Latino immigrants (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marshall, L., 2011. From Granny’s Store to G.M. New York Times BU9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen, 2002; Klitzman and Appelbaum, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klitzman and Appelbaum, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Popov et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaternary Science Reviews
AbbreviationQuat. Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0277-3791
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Global and Planetary Change

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