How to format your references using the Quaternary Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaternary Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nachtsheim, B.J., 2014. Chemistry. Creating antioxidants by oxidation catalysis. Science 345, 270–271.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morrison, S.J., Scadden, D.T., 2014. The bone marrow niche for haematopoietic stem cells. Nature 505, 327–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richards-Dinger, K., Stein, R.S., Toda, S., 2010. Decay of aftershock density with distance does not indicate triggering by dynamic stress. Nature 467, 583–586.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sigal, A., Milo, R., Cohen, A., Geva-Zatorsky, N., Klein, Y., Liron, Y., Rosenfeld, N., Danon, T., Perzov, N., Alon, U., 2006. Variability and memory of protein levels in human cells. Nature 444, 643–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stein, P.D., 2016. Pulmonary Embolism. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Goues, C.L., Yoo, S. (Eds.), 2014. Search-Based Software Engineering: 6th International Symposium, SSBSE 2014, Fortaleza, Brazil, August 26-29, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rowbotham, J., 2016. The Windsors and Ceremonial Events: State Occasions for the National Family, in: Glencross, M., Rowbotham, J., Kandiah, M.D. (Eds.), The Windsor Dynasty 1910 to the Present: “Long to Reign Over Us”? Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 87–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaternary Science Reviews.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Extremely Rare Sumatran Rhino Gives Birth At Indonesian Sanctuary [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Farmers Home Administration: Half-Billion Dollar ADP Modernization Lacks Adequate Planning and Oversight (No. T-IMTEC-92-2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein, K.A., 2009. Vocabulary acquisition via cross-situational learning (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kercher, S., 2015. From Metaphysical to Mainstream. New York Times ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nachtsheim, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Morrison and Scadden, 2014; Nachtsheim, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morrison and Scadden, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sigal et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaternary Science Reviews
AbbreviationQuat. Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0277-3791
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Global and Planetary Change

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