How to format your references using the Quaternary Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaternary Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muller, N.Z., 2014. Economics. Boosting GDP growth by accounting for the environment. Science 345, 873–874.
A journal article with 2 authors
Darst, C.R., Cummings, M.E., 2006. Predator learning favours mimicry of a less-toxic model in poison frogs. Nature 440, 208–211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harbaugh, W.T., Mayr, U., Burghart, D.R., 2007. Neural responses to taxation and voluntary giving reveal motives for charitable donations. Science 316, 1622–1625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cui, X., Chen, J., Wang, T., Chen, W., 2014. Rechargeable batteries with high energy storage activated by in-situ induced fluorination of carbon nanotube cathode. Sci. Rep. 4, 5310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meiswinkel, R., Meyer, J., Schnell, J., 2013. Design and Construction of Nuclear Power Plants. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Lewis, D., Eysenbach, G., Kukafka, R., Stavri, P.Z., Jimison, H.B. (Eds.), 2005. Consumer Health Informatics: Informing Consumers and Improving Health Care, Health Informatics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Hairer, E., Wanner, G., 2008. Calculus in Several Variables, in: Hairer, E., Wanner, G. (Eds.), Analysis by Its History, Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 271–350.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaternary Science Reviews.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Offshore Wind Farms Are Havens For Seals [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Weather Satellites: User Views on the Consequences of Eliminating a Civilian Polar Orbiter (No. RCED-86-111). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konggidinata, M.I., 2017. Application and Modifications of Ordered Mesoporous Carbon (OMC) for BTEX Removal: Characterization, Adsorption Mechanisms, and Kinetic Studies (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. A Manager Who Exceeded His Own Expectations. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muller, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Darst and Cummings, 2006; Muller, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Darst and Cummings, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Cui et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaternary Science Reviews
AbbreviationQuat. Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0277-3791
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Global and Planetary Change

Other styles