How to format your references using the Quaternary Geochronology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaternary Geochronology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, F., 2010. Scientists need a shorter path to research freedom. Nature 467, 635.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mudd, J.O., Kass, D.A., 2008. Tackling heart failure in the twenty-first century. Nature 451, 919–928.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giannini, A., Saravanan, R., Chang, P., 2003. Oceanic forcing of Sahel rainfall on interannual to interdecadal time scales. Science 302, 1027–1030.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sage, J., Miller, A.L., Pérez-Mancera, P.A., Wysocki, J.M., Jacks, T., 2003. Acute mutation of retinoblastoma gene function is sufficient for cell cycle re-entry. Nature 424, 223–228.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stacey, D., 2008. Aeronautical Radio Communication Systems and Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Wedding, U., Audisio, R.A. (Eds.), 2015. Management of Hematological Cancer in Older People. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Weidner, N., O’Brien, K.E., Wynne, K.T., 2016. Social Media Use: Antecedents and Outcomes of Sharing, in: Landers, R.N., Schmidt, G.B. (Eds.), Social Media in Employee Selection and Recruitment: Theory, Practice, and Current Challenges. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 79–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaternary Geochronology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Health Check: Do Ice Cream And Cold Drinks Cool Us Down? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Air Traffic Operations: The Federal Aviation Administration Needs to Address Major Air Traffic Operating Cost Control Changes (No. GAO-05-724). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, M.S., 2017. Integrating Emergency Medical Services Into the Patient-Centered Medical Home (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G., 2014. Still Exerting a Hold on Science. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Collins, 2010; Mudd and Kass, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mudd and Kass, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sage et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaternary Geochronology
AbbreviationQuat. Geochronol.
ISSN (print)1871-1014
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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