How to format your references using the Quaternary Geochronology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaternary Geochronology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Field, J.K., 2014. Perspective: The screening imperative. Nature 513, S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oh, M., Mirkin, C.A., 2005. Chemically tailorable colloidal particles from infinite coordination polymers. Nature 438, 651–654.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, H., Pei, Y., Fang, D., 2014. Magnetic field tunable small-scale mechanical properties of nickel single crystals measured by nanoindentation technique. Sci. Rep. 4, 4583.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, R., Ma, T., Gu, J., Liang, X., Li, S., 2013. Imbalanced network biomarkers for traditional Chinese medicine Syndrome in gastritis patients. Sci. Rep. 3, 1543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, W.-Y., 2013. NeuroInvesting. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Di Giuseppe, A., Shiffman, M.A. (Eds.), 2016. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery of the Abdomen. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Beling, P.A., Lambert, J.H., Rahman, F.A., Overstreet, G.O., Slutzky, D., 2007. Systems Analysis and Adaptive Learning for Portfolio Management of Superfund Sites, in: Macey, G.P., Cannon, J.Z. (Eds.), Reclaiming the Land: Rethinking Superfund Institutions, Methods and Practices. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 129–168.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaternary Geochronology.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017. Thieves Can Steal Your Fingerprints From Your Selfies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. ADP Planning: Allegations of Inadequate Procurements at the National Archives (No. IMTEC-88-34). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman, T.F., 2010. A descriptive review of the development and implementation of a funding model for the Kentucky Community and Technical College System: The first 10 years, 1998–2008 (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2004. A Rock Telethon in Russia, Echoing the Mood of 9/11. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Field, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Field, 2014; Oh and Mirkin, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oh and Mirkin, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaternary Geochronology
AbbreviationQuat. Geochronol.
ISSN (print)1871-1014
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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