How to format your references using the Quaternary Geochronology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaternary Geochronology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner, K., 2007. The shipping forecast. Nature 449, 272–273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hone, J., Deshpande, V.V., 2009. Physics. Coupling strongly, discretely. Science 325, 1084–1085.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaminski, J., Call, J., Fischer, J., 2004. Word learning in a domestic dog: evidence for “fast mapping.” Science 304, 1682–1683.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thomas, J.A., Knapp, J.J., Akino, T., Gerty, S., Wakamura, S., Simcox, D.J., Wardlaw, J.C., Elmes, G.W., 2002. Parasitoid secretions provoke ant warfare. Nature 417, 505–506.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, K., Guo, X., Pan, Y., 2016. Multiple Biological Sequence Alignment: Scoring Functions, Algorithms and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ali, M., Pan, J.-S., Chen, S.-M., Horng, M.-F. (Eds.), 2014. Modern Advances in Applied Intelligence: 27th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2014, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, June 3-6, 2014, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Margaria, T., Hinchey, M.G., Raffelt, H., Rash, J.L., Rouff, C.A., Steffen, B., 2006. Completing and Adapting Models of Biological Processes, in: Pan, Y., Rammig, F.J., Schmeck, H., Solar, M. (Eds.), Biologically Inspired Cooperative Computing: IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, TC 10: 1st IFIP International Conference on Biologically Inspired Computing, August 21–24, 2006, Santiago, Chile, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaternary Geochronology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Coldest Known Star Discovered Close To Our System [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Air Traffic Control: Evolution and Status of FAA’s Automation Program (No. T-RCED/AIMD-98-85). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, C., 2017. A Policy Analysis: Assembly Bill 1421 or Laura’s Law (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Apuzzo, M., Schmidt, M.S., 2017. White House Tries Civility With Mueller. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleiner, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hone and Deshpande, 2009; Kleiner, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hone and Deshpande, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Thomas et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaternary Geochronology
AbbreviationQuat. Geochronol.
ISSN (print)1871-1014
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles