How to format your references using the Quaternary Geochronology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quaternary Geochronology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chiorescu, I., 2006. Physics. Microwave cooling of an artificial atom. Science 314, 1549–1550.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Enk, S.J., Kimble, H.J., 2005. Comment on “Quantum state transfer between matter and light.” Science 309, 1187; author reply 1187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagner, C.E., Harmon, L.J., Seehausen, O., 2012. Ecological opportunity and sexual selection together predict adaptive radiation. Nature 487, 366–369.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cox, P.M., Betts, R.A., Jones, C.D., Spall, S.A., Totterdell, I.J., 2000. Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model. Nature 408, 184–187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staebler, P., 2017. Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bressan, S., Küng, J., Wagner, R. (Eds.), 2006. Database and Expert Systems Applications: 17th International Conference, DEXA 2006, Kraków, Poland, September 4-8, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Indriago, C., Cardin, O., Rakoto, N., Chacón, E., Castagna, P., 2015. Application of Holonic Paradigm to Hybrid Processes: Case of a Water Treatment Process, in: Borangiu, T., Thomas, A., Trentesaux, D. (Eds.), Service Orientation in Holonic and Multi-Agent Manufacturing, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quaternary Geochronology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Fossils reveal how fish made transition from water to land [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Army Medium Trucks: Information on Delivery Delays and Corrosion Problems (No. NSIAD-99-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robert, L.A., 2015. The impact of community-based mentoring on African American boys using an attribution-retraining curriculum (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. Good Characters Are Hard to Find. New York Times C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chiorescu, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chiorescu, 2006; van Enk and Kimble, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Enk and Kimble, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Cox et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuaternary Geochronology
AbbreviationQuat. Geochronol.
ISSN (print)1871-1014
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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