How to format your references using the Quantum Beam Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quantum Beam Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, M.O. Cell Biology. Evolving Cell Signals. Science 2009, 325, 1635–1636.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ogawa, W.; Kasuga, M. Cell Signaling. Fat Stress and Liver Resistance. Science 2008, 322, 1483–1484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ince, D.C.; Hatton, L.; Graham-Cumming, J. The Case for Open Computer Programs. Nature 2012, 482, 485–488.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tumbar, T.; Guasch, G.; Greco, V.; Blanpain, C.; Lowry, W.E.; Rendl, M.; Fuchs, E. Defining the Epithelial Stem Cell Niche in Skin. Science 2004, 303, 359–363.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight, J.G.; Foote, R. Ethics in Science and Engineering; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118104828.
An edited book
Catching Up, Spillovers and Innovation Networks in a Schumpeterian Perspective; Pyka, A., Derengowski Fonseca, M. da G., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; ISBN 9783642158858.
A chapter in an edited book
Balteanu, A.; Jossé, G.; Schubert, M. Mining Driving Preferences in Multi-Cost Networks. In Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases: 13th International Symposium, SSTD 2013, Munich, Germany, August 21-23, 2013. Proceedings; Nascimento, M.A., Sellis, T., Cheng, R., Sander, J., Zheng, Y., Kriegel, H.-P., Renz, M., Sengstock, C., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 74–91 ISBN 9783642402340.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quantum Beam Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. You’re Doing Traffic Wrong – But Here’s How Driverless Cars Could Help Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Transportation for Older Adults: Measuring Results Could Help Determine If Coordination Efforts Improve Mobility; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adelman, S.W. Early Childhood Nutritional Responses to Targeted Food Aid and Social Network Disruptions in Ugandan Internally Displaced Person’s Camps. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park: College Park, MD, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B.; Stevenson, A. New Scrutiny for JPMorgan in China Hiring. New York Times 2016, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleQuantum Beam Science
AbbreviationQuantum Beam Sci.
ISSN (online)2412-382X

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