How to format your references using the Quantum Beam Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quantum Beam Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farmelo, G. Dirac’s hidden geometry. Nature 2005, 437, 323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedman, A.; Perrimon, N. A functional RNAi screen for regulators of receptor tyrosine kinase and ERK signalling. Nature 2006, 444, 230–234.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stern, P.; Hines, P.J.; Travis, J. The aging brain. Introduction. Science 2014, 346, 566–567.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mao, J.-H.; Kim, I.-J.; Wu, D.; Climent, J.; Kang, H.C.; DelRosario, R.; Balmain, A. FBXW7 targets mTOR for degradation and cooperates with PTEN in tumor suppression. Science 2008, 321, 1499–1502.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Strohfeldt, K.A. Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015; ISBN 9781118695425.
An edited book
Urine Proteomics in Kidney Disease Biomarker Discovery; Gao, Y., Ed.; Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2015; Vol. 845; ISBN 9789401795227.
A chapter in an edited book
Belmonte, S.A.; Mayorga, L.S.; Tomes, C.N. The Molecules of Sperm Exocytosis. In Sperm Acrosome Biogenesis and Function During Fertilization; Buffone, M.G., Ed.; Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 71–92 ISBN 9783319305653.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quantum Beam Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Watch Live As Elon Musk Reveals His Plan To Colonize Mars Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standard, Model Year 2001; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
May, L.A. Teacher compensation and the academic achievement of high school students. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alcindor, Y. ‘Auntie Maxine,’ House Veteran Who’s Had It Up to Here With Trump. New York Times 2017, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleQuantum Beam Science
AbbreviationQuantum Beam Sci.
ISSN (online)2412-382X

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