How to format your references using the Quantum Beam Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quantum Beam Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalibard, J. Journal Club. A Quantum-Gas Specialist Learns about Crystals from His Own Science. Nature 2009, 457, 639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bengtson, S.; Rasmussen, B. Paleontology. New and Ancient Trace Makers. Science 2009, 323, 346–347.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chandra, P.; Coleman, P.; Flint, R. Hastatic Order in the Heavy-Fermion Compound URu2Si2. Nature 2013, 493, 621–626.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kemp, A.I.S.; Hawkesworth, C.J.; Foster, G.L.; Paterson, B.A.; Woodhead, J.D.; Hergt, J.M.; Gray, C.M.; Whitehouse, M.J. Magmatic and Crustal Differentiation History of Granitic Rocks from Hf-O Isotopes in Zircon. Science 2007, 315, 980–983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barrett-Lennard, G.T. The Relationship Inventory; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014; ISBN 9781118789070.
An edited book
Andrews, B. The Ricci Flow in Riemannian Geometry: A Complete Proof of the Differentiable 1/4-Pinching Sphere Theorem; Hopper, C., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Mathematics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 2011; ISBN 9783642162855.
A chapter in an edited book
Kulić, M.L.; Buzdin, A.I. Coexistence of Singlet Superconductivity and Magnetic Order in Bulk Magnetic Superconductors and SF Heterostructures. In Superconductivity: Conventional and Unconventional Superconductors; Bennemann, K.H., Ketterson, J.B., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 163–200 ISBN 9783540732525.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quantum Beam Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. What Happens To The Plastic You Throw Away? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications: Application of the Antideficiency Act and Other Fiscal Controls to FCC’s E-Rate Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al khuwaildi, H.A. Green Techniques in the Healthcare System. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. A Piece of Obama’s Life, Post-Presidency: Sandwiches and Speeches. New York Times 2017, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleQuantum Beam Science
AbbreviationQuantum Beam Sci.
ISSN (online)2412-382X

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