How to format your references using the Public Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith DJ (2006) Predictability and preparedness in influenza control. Science 312:392–394
A journal article with 2 authors
Sonderegger P, Patthy L (2007) Comment on “Tequila, a neurotrypsin ortholog, regulates long-term memory formation in Drosophila.” Science 316:1698; author reply 1698
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiger AA, White-Cooper H, Fuller MT (2000) Somatic support cells restrict germline stem cell self-renewal and promote differentiation. Nature 407:750–754
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tanaka Y, Tsuda S, Kunikata H, et al (2014) Profiles of extracellular miRNAs in the aqueous humor of glaucoma patients assessed with a microarray system. Sci Rep 4:5089

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramamoorti S, Morrison DE III, Koletar JW, Pope KR (2013) A.B.C.’s of Behavioral Forensics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Caligiuri MA, Lotze MT (eds) (2007) Cytokines in the Genesis and Treatment of Cancer. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Abo M, Kakuda W (2015) rTMS for Poststroke Dysphagia. In: Kakuda W (ed) Rehabilitation with rTMS. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 89–108

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Transport.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Spectacular GoPro Footage Of Polar Bears Searching For Ice. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Internal Control Weaknesses Need to Be Corrected to Help Achieve Security Objectives. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daczo Z (2012) Wage inequality and the gender wage gap: Are American women swimming upstream? Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2005) Life Is Hard in Russia, And the Beds Are, Too. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2006; Sonderegger and Patthy 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sonderegger and Patthy 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tanaka et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Transport
ISSN (print)1866-749X
ISSN (online)1613-7159
ScopeInformation Systems
Management Science and Operations Research
Mechanical Engineering

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