How to format your references using the Public Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Karsenty G (2003) The complexities of skeletal biology. Nature 423:316–318
A journal article with 2 authors
McCalley CK, Sparks JP (2009) Abiotic gas formation drives nitrogen loss from a desert ecosystem. Science 326:837–840
A journal article with 3 authors
Choi CH, Hiromura M, Usheva A (2003) Transcription factor IIB acetylates itself to regulate transcription. Nature 424:965–969
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Knoll AH, Walter MR, Narbonne GM, Christie-Blick N (2004) Geology. A new period for the geologic time scale. Science 305:621–622

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernando XN (2014) Radio Over Fiber for Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kumar BM, Nair PKR (eds) (2011) Carbon Sequestration Potential of Agroforestry Systems: Opportunities and Challenges. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Russell CT (2007) The coupling of the solar wind to the Earth’s magnetosphere. In: Daglis IA (ed) Space Weather- Physics and Effects. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 103–130

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Transport.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) New Nanomaterials Will Boost Renewable Energy. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Spectrum Management: Incentives, Opportunities, and Testing Needed to Enhance Spectrum Sharing. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pepper I (2010) On the Difference between Serialism and Seriality. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) Celebrating a Honey Harvest in the Center of Hudson Yards. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Karsenty 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Karsenty 2003; McCalley and Sparks 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCalley and Sparks 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Knoll et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Transport
ISSN (print)1866-749X
ISSN (online)1613-7159
ScopeInformation Systems
Management Science and Operations Research
Mechanical Engineering

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