How to format your references using the Public Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman T (2003) High throughput goes 3D. Nature 425:871
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen JC, Hobbs HH (2013) Genetics. Simple genetics for a complex disease. Science 340:689–690
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaina N, Fink M, Lerosey G (2013) Composite media mixing Bragg and local resonances for highly attenuating and broad bandgaps. Sci Rep 3:3240
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li Y, Bor Y-C, Misawa Y, et al (2006) An intron with a constitutive transport element is retained in a Tap messenger RNA. Nature 443:234–237

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boutillier S, Carré D, Levratto N (2016) Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Solari A (2009) Permutation Tests for Stochastic Ordering and ANOVA: Theory and Applications with R, 1st edn. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Bhansali P, Roychowdhury J (2011) Injection Locking Analysis and Simulation of Weakly Coupled Oscillator Networks. In: Li P, Silveira LM, Feldmann P (eds) Simulation and Verification of Electronic and Biological Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 71–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Transport.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Robot Kills Worker at Volkswagen Plant in Germany. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) NASA ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKenzie NJ (2012) African/Black psychology: A qualitative investigation of distinguished Black psychologists. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2006) Southampton Buys A Girl Scout Camp. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chapman 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Chapman 2003; Cohen and Hobbs 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cohen and Hobbs 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Transport
ISSN (print)1866-749X
ISSN (online)1613-7159
ScopeInformation Systems
Management Science and Operations Research
Mechanical Engineering

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