How to format your references using the Public Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo E (2004) The changing length of PhDs. Nature 431:382–383
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen EH, Olson EN (2005) Unveiling the mechanisms of cell-cell fusion. Science 308:369–373
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu L-A, Walther P, Lidar DA (2013) No-go theorem for passive single-rail linear optical quantum computing. Sci Rep 3:1394
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fonseca DM, Keyghobadi N, Malcolm CA, et al (2004) Emerging vectors in the Culex pipiens complex. Science 303:1535–1538

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higman BW (2011) How Food Made History. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Badve S, Gökmen-Polar Y (eds) (2016) Molecular Pathology of Breast Cancer. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Hu P, Ma N, Liu L-Z, Zhu Y-G (2013) The Basic Mechanical Properties and Experimental Verification for Hot Forming Steel. In: Ma N, Liu L-Z, Zhu Y-G (eds) Theories, Methods and Numerical Technology of Sheet Metal Cold and Hot Forming: Analysis, Simulation and Engineering Applications. Springer, London, pp 47–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Transport.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Smallest Panda Twin Cub Dies. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Organizational Transformation: A Framework for Assessing and Improving Enterprise Architecture Management (Version 2.0) (Supersedes GAO-03-584G). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwartz J (2009) Essays on unemployment insurance and the business cycle. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2006) For $37.5 Million, the Piano Man’s Estate. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Russo 2004; Chen and Olson 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Olson 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Fonseca et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Transport
ISSN (print)1866-749X
ISSN (online)1613-7159
ScopeInformation Systems
Management Science and Operations Research
Mechanical Engineering

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