How to format your references using the Public Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Transport (Public Transp). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingrich N (2000) SCIENCE PRIORITIES: An Opportunities-Based Science Budget. Science 290:1303
A journal article with 2 authors
Aaronson DS, Horvath CM (2002) A road map for those who don’t know JAK-STAT. Science 296:1653–1655
A journal article with 3 authors
Roscioli JR, McCunn LR, Johnson MA (2007) Quantum structure of the intermolecular proton bond. Science 316:249–254
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Takagi J, Yang Y, Liu J-H, et al (2003) Complex between nidogen and laminin fragments reveals a paradigmatic beta-propeller interface. Nature 424:969–974

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Machner H (2005) Einführung in die Kern- und Elementarteilchenphysik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Bartosch U (ed) (2015) Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker: Pioneer of Physics, Philosophy, Religion, Politics and Peace Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Lucchetti R (2011) Godfrey H. Hardy. In: Bartocci C, Betti R, Guerraggio A, Lucchetti R (eds) Mathematical Lives: Protagonists of the Twentieth Century From Hilbert to Wiles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Transport.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Your Blood Type Could Influence Your Chance Of Developing Alzheimer’s. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) FAA Alaska: Weak Controls Resulted in Improper and Wasteful Purchases. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poudel SR (2017) Models and Algorithms to Solve a Reliable and Congested Biomass Supply Chain Network Designing Problem under Uncertainty. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sutherland J (2017) You Don’t Know Jane. New York Times BR11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Power 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2011; Rawlins 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aaronson and Horvath 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zheng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Transport
ISSN (print)1866-749X
ISSN (online)1613-7159
ScopeInformation Systems
Management Science and Operations Research
Mechanical Engineering

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