How to format your references using the Public Transport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Transport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman JM (2000) Obesity in the new millennium. Nature 404:632–634
A journal article with 2 authors
Mellman I, Clausen BE (2010) Immunology. Beta-catenin balances immunity. Science 329:767–769
A journal article with 3 authors
Aoi S, Kunugi T, Fujiwara H (2008) Trampoline effect in extreme ground motion. Science 322:727–730
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ku Z, Rong Y, Xu M, et al (2013) Full printable processed mesoscopic CH₃NH₃PbI₃/TiO₂ heterojunction solar cells with carbon counter electrode. Sci Rep 3:3132

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gustafsson F (2001) Adaptive Filtering and Change Detection. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Shaker R, Belafsky PC, Postma GN, Easterling C (eds) (2013) Principles of Deglutition: A Multidisciplinary Text for Swallowing and its Disorders. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Billaut J-C, Hebrard E, Lopez P (2012) Complete Characterization of Near-Optimal Sequences for the Two-Machine Flow Shop Scheduling Problem. In: Beldiceanu N, Jussien N, Pinson É (eds) Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Contraint Programming for Combinatorial Optimzation Problems: 9th International Conference, CPAIOR 2012, Nantes, France, May 28 – June1, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 66–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Transport.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Atacama Desert People Have Evolved To Drink Arsenic-Laden Water. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Next Generation Air Transportation System: Improved Risk Analysis Could Strengthen FAA’s Global Interoperability Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang Y (2012) Yield aggregation impacts on area-based insurance and commodity program. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson K, Lehren AW (2013) Road Runners Facing Difficulty Months After Marathon Uproar. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman 2000; Mellman and Clausen 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mellman and Clausen 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ku et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Transport
ISSN (print)1866-749X
ISSN (online)1613-7159
ScopeInformation Systems
Management Science and Operations Research
Mechanical Engineering

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