How to format your references using the Public Relations Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Relations Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parisi, G. (2005). Brownian motion. Nature, 433(7023), 221.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laflamme, M. A., & Murry, C. E. (2011). Heart regeneration. Nature, 473(7347), 326–335.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ellwood, M. J., Wille, M., & Maher, W. (2010). Glacial silicic acid concentrations in the Southern Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6007), 1088–1091.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dhamani, I., Leung, J., Carlile, S., & Sharma, M. (2013). Switch attention to listen. Scientific Reports, 3, 1297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Suárez, A. (2008). Analysis and Design of Autonomous Microwave Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gallego, M., & Schofield, N. (Eds.). (2016). The Political Economy of Social Choices. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Iida, M., Tsukamoto, C., & Yoshioka, A. (2013). Star Products and Certain Star Product Functions. In P. Kielanowski, S. T. Ali, A. Odesskii, A. Odzijewicz, M. Schlichenmaier, & T. Voronov (Eds.), Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXI Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 24–30, 2012 (pp. 39–45). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Relations Review.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, January 30). Dark Humor Is Indicative Of A High IQ, According To Study. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Comments on H.R. 16443 (No. 094452). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dutta, A. (2010). Systems optimization for mobility management [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2011, July 31). Harsh Realities. New York Times, ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parisi, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Laflamme & Murry, 2011; Parisi, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laflamme & Murry, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Ellwood et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dhamani et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Relations Review
AbbreviationPublic Relat. Rev.
ISSN (print)0363-8111
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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