How to format your references using the Public Relations Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Relations Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reed, J. C. (2011). Cancer. Priming cancer cells for death. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6059), 1075–1076.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ronald, P. C., & Beutler, B. (2010). Plant and animal sensors of conserved microbial signatures. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6007), 1061–1064.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood, M. J., Storz, G., & Tjandra, N. (2004). Structural basis for redox regulation of Yap1 transcription factor localization. Nature, 430(7002), 917–921.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Choi, S., Yu, X., Jongpaiboonkit, L., Hollister, S. J., & Murphy, W. L. (2013). Inorganic coatings for optimized non-viral transfection of stem cells. Scientific Reports, 3, 1567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samuels, S. (2011). Reading the American Novel 1780-1865. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zhou, J. (2008). Adaptive Backstepping Control of Uncertain Systems: Nonsmooth Nonlinearities, Interactions or Time-Variations (C. Wen, Ed.; Vol. 372). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chae, S. W., Lee, K. C., & Hahn, M. H. (2013). Exploring the Revelation Process for Individual Creativity Based on Exploitation and Exploration: A Physiological Experiment Approach. In K. C. Lee (Ed.), Digital Creativity: Individuals, Groups, and Organizations (pp. 61–78). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Relations Review.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 28). AI Repeatedly Beats Colonel In Aerial Combat Simulations. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). The Maritime Administration’s Evaluation of the End Products of Research and Development Contracts with Private, Profitmaking Firms (PSAD-78-4). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stott, N. M. (2012). Beta cell compensatory factors in nicotinic acid-induced insulin resistance [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, February 24). A Living Painting to Make You See. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reed, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Reed, 2011; Ronald & Beutler, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ronald & Beutler, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Wood et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Choi et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Relations Review
AbbreviationPublic Relat. Rev.
ISSN (print)0363-8111
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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