How to format your references using the Public Health Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Mayr G. Old World fossil record of modern-type hummingbirds. Science 2004;304:861–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Sinervo B, Clobert J. Morphs, dispersal behavior, genetic similarity, and the evolution of cooperation. Science 2003;300:1949–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Adachi MM, Anantram MP, Karim KS. Core-shell silicon nanowire solar cells. Sci Rep 2013;3:1546.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Mueller KL, Hoon MA, Erlenbach I, Chandrashekar J, Zuker CS, Ryba NJP. The receptors and coding logic for bitter taste. Nature 2005;434:225–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Mathian H, Sanders L. Spatio-Temporal Approaches. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1
Kunz T, Ravi SS, editors. Ad-Hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 5th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2006, Ottawa, Canada, August 17-19, 2006. Proceedings. vol. 4104. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Matias D, Przeniosło Ł, Miłosławski T, Jaskuła M, Makiewicz P, Biegun M, et al. Development of the Mobile PoC Graphene-Based Biosensing Device Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). In: Jobbágy Á, editor. First European Biomedical Engineering Conference for Young Investigators: ENCY2015, Budapest, May 28 - 30, 2015. Singapore: Springer; 2015. p. 20–3.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Research.

Blog post
1
Evans K. Even Remote Deep-Sea Animals Are Ingesting Microplastics, Study Finds. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. URL: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/even-remote-deepsea-animals-are-ingesting-microplastics-study-finds/ (Accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Energy Management: Technology Development Program Taking Action to Address Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Sosa Tzec O. Delightful Interactive Systems: A Rhetorical Examination. Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University; 2017; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Behind the Scenes; Though Advisers Differ, Clinton’s in Tune With All. New York Times 1992:11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Research
AbbreviationPublic Health Res. (Southampt)
ISSN (print)2050-4381
ISSN (online)2050-439X
Scope

Other styles