How to format your references using the Public Health Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Steneck RS. Ecology. Staying connected in a turbulent world. Science 2006;311:480–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Radisky DC, Bissell MJ. Cancer. Respect thy neighbor! Science 2004;303:775–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Yashiro K, Shiratori H, Hamada H. Haemodynamics determined by a genetic programme govern asymmetric development of the aortic arch. Nature 2007;450:285–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Svetovoy VB, Sanders RGP, Ma K, Elwenspoek MC. New type of microengine using internal combustion of hydrogen and oxygen. Sci Rep 2014;4:4296.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Pangarkar VG. Design of Multiphase Reactors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
1
Müller S, Bley T, editors. High Resolution Microbial Single Cell Analytics. vol. 124. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Schalkwyk J, Beeferman D, Beaufays F, Byrne B, Chelba C, Cohen M, et al. “Your Word is my Command”: Google Search by Voice: A Case Study. In: Neustein A, editor. Advances in Speech Recognition: Mobile Environments, Call Centers and Clinics. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. p. 61–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Research.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Five Bizarre Fossil Discoveries That Got Scientists Excited. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015. URL: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/five-bizarre-fossil-discoveries-got-scientists-excited/ (Accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Railroad Safety: FRA’s Staffing Model Cannot Estimate Inspectors Needed for Safety Mission. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Daum MA. Busy Fingers, Wordless Thoughts: Entering the Knot of Compulsive Hair Twisting. Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
LISA W. FODERARO; Reporting for this article was contributed by Ford Fessenden, as well as by Kathleen McGrory in Westchester, Akhtar F, Sophia Chang on, Koblin J, Nate Schweber in, et al. That Sound You Hear? The Market Coming Down to Earth. New York Times 2006:14NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Research
AbbreviationPublic Health Res. (Southampt)
ISSN (print)2050-4381
ISSN (online)2050-439X
Scope

Other styles