How to format your references using the Public Health Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Morell V. When the bat sings. Science 2014;344:1334–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Schuske K, Jorgensen EM. Neuroscience. Vesicular glutamate transporter--shooting blanks. Science 2004;304:1750–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Pagel M, Atkinson QD, Meade A. Frequency of word-use predicts rates of lexical evolution throughout Indo-European history. Nature 2007;449:717–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Dreber A, Rand DG, Fudenberg D, Nowak MA. Winners don’t punish. Nature 2008;452:348–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Windom CA Sr, Gaidhani H, Fontana A. Virtualizing. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1
Deep K, Nagar A, Pant M, Bansal JC, editors. Proceedings of the International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving (SocProS 2011) December 20-22, 2011: Volume 1. vol. 130. New Delhi: Springer India; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Reddy PJ, Gollapalli K, Ghantasala S, Das T, Patel SK, Chanukuppa V, et al. Basics of Mass Spectrometry and Its Applications in Biomarker Discovery. In: Srivastava S, editor. Biomarker Discovery in the Developing World: Dissecting the Pipeline for Meeting the Challenges. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016. p. 41–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Research.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. The Battery Revolution Is Exciting, But Remember They Pollute Too. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015. URL: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/battery-revolution-exciting-remember-they-pollute-too/ (Accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ August 2000 Interim Spending Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Alvarez DJ. Piloted simulation study comparing classical and robust flight control design methods. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach; 2010; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Cooper M, Walsh MW. Risks Seen In Perry Plan For Switch To Pensions. New York Times 2011:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Research
AbbreviationPublic Health Res. (Southampt)
ISSN (print)2050-4381
ISSN (online)2050-439X
Scope

Other styles