How to format your references using the Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Crothers DM. Biophysics. Fine tuning gene regulation. Science. 2013 Feb 15;339(6121):766–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Futahashi R, Fujiwara H. Juvenile hormone regulates butterfly larval pattern switches. Science. 2008 Feb 22;319(5866):1061.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wood RA, Grotzinger JP, Dickson JAD. Proterozoic modular biomineralized metazoan from the Nama Group, Namibia. Science. 2002 Jun 28;296(5577):2383–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yi R, Poy MN, Stoffel M, Fuchs E. A skin microRNA promotes differentiation by repressing “stemness.” Nature. 2008 Mar 13;452(7184):225–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Early WF II. Contractor and Client Relations to Assure Process Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Zhu J-J. Quantum Dots for DNA Biosensing. Li J-J, Huang H-P, Cheng F-F, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. VIII, 91 p. 41 illus., 22 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vo N “jack”, Shet N. Radiology of the Liver in Children. In: Murray KF, Horslen S, editors. Diseases of the Liver in Children: Evaluation and Management. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 85–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. “There’s a Problem With My What?”: How Genes Get Their Names. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Intermodal Transportation: Challenges to and Potential Strategies for Developing Improved Intermodal Capabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Jun. Report No.: GAO-06-855T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hayes ET. Musical improvisation and the creative process [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodara S. Where Warhol and Chagall Adorn the Walls. New York Times. 2016 Jan 24;WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health
AbbreviationPublic Health
ISSN (print)0033-3506
ISSN (online)1476-5616
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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