How to format your references using the Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Perez DR. Public health and biosecurity. H5N1 debates: hung up on the wrong questions. Science. 2012 Feb 17;335(6070):799–801.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hoffmann AA, Sgrò CM. Climate change and evolutionary adaptation. Nature. 2011 Feb 24;470(7335):479–85.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Santos NC, Benz W, Mayor M. Extrasolar planets: constraints for planet formation models. Science. 2005 Oct 14;310(5746):251–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Dekker J, Belmont AS, Guttman M, Leshyk VO, Lis JT, Lomvardas S, et al. Corrigendum: The 4D nucleome project. Nature. 2017 Dec 14;552(7684):278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lacaze PC, Lacroix J-C. Non-Volatile Memories. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Sheehan W. Galactic Encounters: Our Majestic and Evolving Star-System, From the Big Bang to Time’s End. Conselice CJ, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. XIV, 385 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zhu S, Wang W, Ravishankar CV. Stochastically Consistent Caching and Dynamic Duty Cycling for Erratic Sensor Sources. In: Gibbons PB, Abdelzaher T, Aspnes J, Rao R, editors. Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems: Second IEEE International Conference, DCOSS 2006, San Francisco, CA, USA, June 18-20, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 67–84. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Dyslexic People Have Differences In Part Of The Brain Related To Speech Adaptation [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/dyslexic-people-have-differences-in-part-of-the-brain-related-to-speech-adaptation/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Lack of Accountability for Computer Equipment Leaves These Assets Vulnerable to Loss or Misappropriation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Apr. Report No.: GAO-04-520R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tambornini TF. Supportive and subsidized housing solutions for Sonoma County: A grant project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Grynbaum MM. A New Press Secretary, for a President at War With the Press. New York Times. 2017 Aug 8;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health
AbbreviationPublic Health
ISSN (print)0033-3506
ISSN (online)1476-5616
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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