How to format your references using the Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Experience counts. Nature. 2003 Aug 28;424(6952):1089.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pagliarini RA, Xu T. A genetic screen in Drosophila for metastatic behavior. Science. 2003 Nov 14;302(5648):1227–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hayden BY, Pearson JM, Platt ML. Fictive reward signals in the anterior cingulate cortex. Science. 2009 May 15;324(5929):948–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Shrivastava B, Jain KK, Kalra A, Kuhad RC. Bioprocessing of wheat straw into nutritionally rich and digested cattle feed. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 1;4:6360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wernecke R. Industrielle Feuchtemessung. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2003.
An edited book
1.
White C, editor. The Materiality of Individuality: Archaeological Studies of Individual Lives. New York, NY: Springer US; 2009. VII, 227 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Antony PJ. Krishna and Neha. In: Antony PJ, editor. Segregation Hurts: Voices of Youth with Disabilities and Their Families in India. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2013. p. 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Why Do LSD Trips Last So Long? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: States’ Implementation of Transportation Management Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Jan. Report No.: RCED-97-32.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Marquez HH. Social Capital, Academics, and Sense of Belonging among High School Foster Youth [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. Company Town. New York Times. 2017 Sep 7;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health
AbbreviationPublic Health
ISSN (print)0033-3506
ISSN (online)1476-5616
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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