How to format your references using the Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Kessler R. Prevention: Air of danger. Nature. 2014 May;509(7502):S62-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Slabbekoorn H, Peet M. Ecology: Birds sing at a higher pitch in urban noise. Nature. 2003 Jul;424(6946):267.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Karakas E, Simorowski N, Furukawa H. Subunit arrangement and phenylethanolamine binding in GluN1/GluN2B NMDA receptors. Nature. 2011 Jun;475(7355):249–53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Hagleitner C, Hierlemann A, Lange D, Kummer A, Kerness N, Brand O, et al. Smart single-chip gas sensor microsystem. Nature. 2001 Nov;414(6861):293–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Tannenbaum LV. Alternative Ecological Risk Assessment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1
Lantada AD, editor. Handbook on Advanced Design and Manufacturing Technologies for Biomedical Devices. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Cazzulani G, Ferrari M, Resta F, Ripamonti F. A Numerical and Experimental Analysis for the Active Vibration Control of a Concrete Placing Boom. In: Vasques CMA, Dias Rodrigues J, editors. Vibration and Structural Acoustics Analysis: Current Research and Related Technologies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011; pp 79–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.

Blog post
1
Davis J. How Whales Became The Largest Animals Ever To Live [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 Aug [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-whales-became-the-largest-animals-ever-to-live/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Public Transportation: Multiple Factors Influence Extent of Transit-Oriented Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Safi Samghabadi P. Kinematic analysis and control design of a retractable wheel mechanism using optimal control theory. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Billard M. Leaving the High Life. New York Times. 2013 Nov;E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychotherapy and Psychosomatics
AbbreviationPsychother. Psychosom.
ISSN (print)0033-3190
ISSN (online)1423-0348
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology
Clinical Psychology

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