How to format your references using the Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Schmidt-Kaler F. Quantum physics: feel the force. Nature. 2014 Jun;510(7505):349.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Silberzahn R, Uhlmann EL. Crowdsourced research: Many hands make tight work. Nature. 2015 Oct;526(7572):189–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Gancarz-Kausch AM, Adank DN, Dietz DM. Prolonged withdrawal following cocaine self-administration increases resistance to punishment in a cocaine binge. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov;4:6876.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Chesley SR, Ostro SJ, Vokrouhlicky D, Capek D, Giorgini JD, Nolan MC, et al. Direct detection of the Yarkovsky effect by radar ranging to asteroid 6489 Golevka. Science. 2003 Dec;302(5651):1739–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Quéguiner B. The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1
Slootweg PJ, editor. Dental and Oral Pathology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Geller MR, Pritchett EJ, Sornborger AT, Wilhelm FK. Quantum Computing with Superconductors I: Architectures. In: Flatté ME, Ţifrea I, editors. Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007; pp 171–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Awesome Flying Car Prototype Unveiled [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Oct [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/awesome-flying-car-prototype-unveiled/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. International Education Assistance: USAID Has Implemented Primary Grade Reading Programs but Has Not Yet Measured Progress toward Its Strategic Goal. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Kranz TE. Body, Land, and Memory: Counter-Narratives in the Poetry of Minnie Bruce Pratt, Brenda Marie Osbey, and Natasha Trethewey. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Markoff J. Defying Roadblocks, Silicon Valley Tests a Flying Car. New York Times. 2017 Apr;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychotherapy and Psychosomatics
AbbreviationPsychother. Psychosom.
ISSN (print)0033-3190
ISSN (online)1423-0348
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology
Clinical Psychology

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