How to format your references using the Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Przeworski M. Genome-sequencing anniversary. The golden age of human population genetics. Science. 2011 Feb;331(6017):547.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Qaim M, Zilberman D. Yield effects of genetically modified crops in developing countries. Science. 2003 Feb;299(5608):900–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Runyon JB, Mescher MC, De Moraes CM. Volatile chemical cues guide host location and host selection by parasitic plants. Science. 2006 Sep;313(5795):1964–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Smith SD, Huxman TE, Zitzer SF, Charlet TN, Housman DC, Coleman JS, et al. Elevated CO2 increases productivity and invasive species success in an arid ecosystem. Nature. 2000 Nov;408(6808):79–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Hahn A, Behle B, Lischewski D, Rein W. Produktionstechnische Praxis. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2002.
An edited book
1
Ghosh A, Jain LC, editors. Evolutionary Computation in Data Mining. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Anema ASI, Top J. Explicit Algebraic Coverings of a Pointed Torus. In: Laza R, Schütt M, Yui N, editors. Arithmetic and Geometry of K3 Surfaces and Calabi–Yau Threefolds. New York, NY: Springer; 2013; pp 143–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. Ever Noticed Time Seems To Move Faster When You’re In Control Of Things? Science Can Explain Why [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Jul [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/ever-noticed-time-seems-to-move-faster-when-youre-in-control-of-things-science-can-explain-why/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Finance: Observations on the Current FAA Funding Structure’s Support for Aviation Activities, Issues Affecting Future Costs, and Proposed Funding Changes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Ghadimian V. Renewable Energy Marketplace. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kenigsberg B. The Listings; Film Series. New York Times. 2017 Mar;C23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychotherapy and Psychosomatics
AbbreviationPsychother. Psychosom.
ISSN (print)0033-3190
ISSN (online)1423-0348
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Applied Psychology
Clinical Psychology

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