How to format your references using the Florida Entomologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Florida Entomologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kivelson MG. 2006. Does Enceladus govern magnetospheric dynamics at Saturn? Science (New York, N.Y.) 311: 1391–1392.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alici KB, Gallardo IF. 2013. Detecting secondary structure and surface orientation of helical peptide monolayers from resonant hybridization signals. Scientific reports 3: 2956.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haskell JP, Ritchie ME, Olff H. 2002. Fractal geometry predicts varying body size scaling relationships for mammal and bird home ranges. Nature 418: 527–530.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xiao J, Kuang Q, Yang S, Xiao F, Wang S, Guo L. 2013. Surface structure dependent electrocatalytic activity of Co₃O₄ anchored on graphene sheets toward oxygen reduction reaction. Scientific reports 3: 2300.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ratliff TA. 2005. The Laboratory Quality Assurance System. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Barati B. 2015. In Silico Engineering of Disulphide Bonds to Produce Stable Cellulase. Sadegh Amiri I [ed.]. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Toma TSP, de Souza Mendonça M. 2014. Population Ecology of Galling Arthropods in the Neotropics, pp. 69–98 In Fernandes GW, Santos JC [eds.], Neotropical Insect Galls. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Florida Entomologist.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. New “Watchlist” For Left-Leaning Academics Is Both Moronic And Frightening. IFLScience. (last accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Very Light Jets: Several Factors Could Influence Their Effect on the National Airspace System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flamenco E. 2015. A financial abuse prevention program for older adults: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L. 2000. Parties. Films. Free Food. That’s Entertainment! New York Times: 91.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kivelson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kivelson 2006; Alici & Gallardo 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alici & Gallardo 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFlorida Entomologist
AbbreviationFla. Entomol.
ISSN (print)0015-4040
ISSN (online)1938-5102
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles