How to format your references using the Psychology of Violence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Violence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zwier, T. S. (2004). Chemistry. The structure of protonated water clusters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5674), 1119–1120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collen, B., & Nicholson, E. (2014). Conservation. Taking the measure of change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6206), 166–167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chang, H. C., Paek, J., & Kim, D. H. (2011). Natural polymorphisms in C. elegans HECW-1 E3 ligase affect pathogen avoidance behaviour. Nature, 480(7378), 525–529.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Natesh, R., Schwager, S. L. U., Sturrock, E. D., & Acharya, K. R. (2003). Crystal structure of the human angiotensin-converting enzyme-lisinopril complex. Nature, 421(6922), 551–554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacRoberts. (2014). MacRoberts on Scottish Construction Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sinha, C. K., & Davenport, M. (Eds.). (2010). Handbook of Pediatric Surgery. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun, X., Liu, S., Bao, J., & Kang, K. (2016). Selective Laser Melting: Characteristics of IN718 Powder and Microstructures of Fabricated IN718 Sample. In J. S. Carpenter, C. Bai, J. P. Escobedo, J.-Y. Hwang, S. Ikhmayies, B. Li, J. Li, S. N. Monteiro, Z. Peng, & M. Zhang (Eds.), Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2015 (pp. 29–37). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Violence.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, March 31). Fly through distant galaxies with Hubble eXtreme Deep Field. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Traffic Safety Data: State Data System Quality Varies and Limited Resources and Coordination Can Inhibit Further Progress (GAO-10-454). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nersessian, N. (2012). Modified gravity with scale invariance and implications [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, September 20). Mets’ Reed Finds Dominance in the Heart of the Plate. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zwier, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Collen & Nicholson, 2014; Zwier, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collen & Nicholson, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chang et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Natesh et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Violence
AbbreviationPsychol. Violence
ISSN (print)2152-0828
ISSN (online)2152-081X
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

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