How to format your references using the Psychology of Violence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Violence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chalmers, M. (2012). Cosmology: Out of the darkness. Nature, 490(7419), S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morrison, S. J., & Scadden, D. T. (2014). The bone marrow niche for haematopoietic stem cells. Nature, 505(7483), 327–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tex, D. M., Kamiya, I., & Kanemitsu, Y. (2014). Control of hot-carrier relaxation for realizing ideal quantum-dot intermediate-band solar cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 4125.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bowler, J. M., Johnston, H., Olley, J. M., Prescott, J. R., Roberts, R. G., Shawcross, W., & Spooner, N. A. (2003). New ages for human occupation and climatic change at Lake Mungo, Australia. Nature, 421(6925), 837–840.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stein, R. L. (2011). Kinetics of Enzyme Action. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bessani, A., & Bouchenak, S. (Eds.). (2015). Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 15th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, DAIS 2015, Held as Part of the 10th International Federated Conference on Distributed Computing Techniques, DisCoTec 2015, Grenoble, France, June 2-4, 2015, Proceedings (Vol. 9038). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Smyth, M. D., & Rubin, J. (2010). Ependymoma. In N. Gupta, A. Banerjee, & D. Haas-Kogan (Eds.), Pediatric CNS Tumors (pp. 67–87). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Violence.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, September 23). First Signs Of Global Warming Appeared In 1940s. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Children’s Television Act: FCC Could Improve Efforts to Oversee Enforcement and Provide Public Information (GAO-11-659). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores, M. Y. (2010). Delinquency prevention program for Latino youth: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stelter, B. (2013, April 18). Waking Up On The Wrong Side Of A Rating War. New York Times, MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chalmers, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Chalmers, 2012; Morrison & Scadden, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morrison & Scadden, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Tex et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bowler et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Violence
AbbreviationPsychol. Violence
ISSN (print)2152-0828
ISSN (online)2152-081X
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

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