How to format your references using the Psychology of Violence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Violence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yoho, R. (2015). How science fairs shaped my career. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6255), 1578.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holowka, S., & Petitto, L. A. (2002). Left hemisphere cerebral specialization for babies while babbling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klein, Y., Efrati, E., & Sharon, E. (2007). Shaping of elastic sheets by prescription of non-Euclidean metrics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5815), 1116–1120.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tulk, C. A., Benmore, C. J., Urquidi, J., Klug, D. D., Neuefeind, J., Tomberli, B., & Egelstaff, P. A. (2002). Structural studies of several distinct metastable forms of amorphous ice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5585), 1320–1323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang, H., & Lee, E. K. (2016). Healthcare Analytics: From Data to Knowledge to Healthcare Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bandini, S., Manzoni, S., Umeo, H., & Vizzari, G. (Eds.). (2010). Cellular Automata: 9th International Conference on Cellular Automata for Research and Industry, ACRI 2010, Ascoli Piceno, Italy, September 21-24, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6350). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cook, R. F. (2005). Microstructural Control of Indentation Crack Extension under Externally Applied Stress. In R. C. Bradt, D. Munz, M. Sakai, & K. W. White (Eds.), Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics: Active Materials, Nanoscale Materials, Composites, Glass and Fundamentals (pp. 57–67). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Violence.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, June 4). Researchers Grow Rat Forelimb in the Lab. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Emergency Relief: Status of the Replacement of the Cypress Viaduct (RCED-96-136). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ziv, A. (2014). Dynamics in interactions with digital technology: A depth psychological/theoretical exploration of the evolutionary-biological, symbolic, and emotional psyche in the digital age [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M. (2016, July 21). Hometown Molded Pence Even as It Began to Change. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yoho, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Holowka & Petitto, 2002; Yoho, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holowka & Petitto, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Klein et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tulk et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Violence
AbbreviationPsychol. Violence
ISSN (print)2152-0828
ISSN (online)2152-081X
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

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