How to format your references using the Genes and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Tsushima Y. Weaker signals induce more precise temporal-integration. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4660.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kleckner D, Bouwmeester D. Sub-kelvin optical cooling of a micromechanical resonator. Nature. 2006;444:75–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mori T, Vale RD, Tomishige M. How kinesin waits between steps. Nature. 2007;450:750–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wei Q, McLeod E, Qi H, Wan Z, Sun R, Ozcan A. On-chip cytometry using plasmonic nanoparticle enhanced lensfree holography. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1699.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wagner D, Balog E. Advanced Technical Analysis of ETFs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Layton WJ. Approximate Deconvolution Models of Turbulence: Analysis, Phenomenology and Numerical Analysis. Rebholz L, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pizer SM, Jeong J-Y, Broadhurst RE, Ho S, Stough J. Deep Structure of Images in Populations Via Geometric Models in Populations. In: Fogh Olsen O, Florack L, Kuijper A, editors. Deep Structure, Singularities, and Computer Vision: First International Workshop, DSSCV 2005, Maastricht, The Netherlands, June 9-10, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 49–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes and Environment.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. One Billion People In Immediate Jeopardy If Paris Agreement Fails [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/one-billion-people-immediate-jeopardy-paris-agreement-fails/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. DISH Network Complied with the Court-Appointed Special Master’s Examination of Its Compliance with the Section 119 Statutory License. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Dec. Report No.: GAO-13-169R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cox TM. Is the Procurement Integrity Act “Important” Enough for the Mandatory Disclosure Rule?: A Look at the Procurement Integrity Act and the Case for its Inclusion in the Mandatory Disclosure Rule [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines GG. Familiar Face on ‘Sesame Street’ Tells of Her Own Childhood. New York Times. 2015 Sep 2;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes and Environment
AbbreviationGenes Environ.
ISSN (online)1880-7062
ScopeGenetics
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Social Psychology

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