How to format your references using the Genes and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Riley S. Large-scale spatial-transmission models of infectious disease. Science. 2007;316:1298–301.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rosegrant MW, Cline SA. Global food security: challenges and policies. Science. 2003;302:1917–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. He Y, Xue G-H, Fu J-Z. Fabrication of low cost soft tissue prostheses with the desktop 3D printer. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6973.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ieong M, Doris B, Kedzierski J, Rim K, Yang M. Silicon device scaling to the sub-10-nm regime. Science. 2004;306:2057–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Daubert EJ. The Annual Campaign. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Dragolov G. Social Cohesion in the Western World: What Holds Societies Together: Insights from the Social Cohesion Radar. Ignácz ZS, Lorenz J, Delhey J, Boehnke K, Unzicker K, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Krieger MP. On the Incompressibility of Monotone DNFs. In: Liśkiewicz M, Reischuk R, editors. Fundamentals of Computation Theory: 15th International Symposium, FCT 2005, Lübeck, Germany, August 17-20, 2005 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 32–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes and Environment.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Hubble’s Ultraviolet Telescope Has Revealed More About The Stars Than We Could Ever See [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/hubble-s-ultraviolet-telescope-has-revealed-more-about-stars-we-could-ever-see/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. U.S. Government Actions Affecting Rice Sales to Korea. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 May. Report No.: ID-83-48.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mack DL. The Cost of Credit: Protecting Consumers in a Regulated Fringe Credit Market [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dorment LP. Between Gigs, a TV Host Takes a Spin. New York Times. 2017 Aug 18;MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes and Environment
AbbreviationGenes Environ.
ISSN (online)1880-7062
ScopeGenetics
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Social Psychology

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