How to format your references using the Psychology of Popular Media Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Popular Media Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes, K. (2011). Volcanology: Europe’s ticking time bomb. Nature, 473(7346), 140–141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Andreasen, R., & Sharma, M. (2006). Solar nebula heterogeneity in p-process samarium and neodymium isotopes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 806–809.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kielpinski, D., Monroe, C., & Wineland, D. J. (2002). Architecture for a large-scale ion-trap quantum computer. Nature, 417(6890), 709–711.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jordan, I. K., Kondrashov, F. A., Adzhubei, I. A., Wolf, Y. I., Koonin, E. V., Kondrashov, A. S., & Sunyaev, S. (2005). A universal trend of amino acid gain and loss in protein evolution. Nature, 433(7026), 633–638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clark, G. (2014). The Making of a World City. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gahtan, V., & Costanza, M. J. (Eds.). (2015). Essentials of Vascular Surgery for the General Surgeon. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sheskin, I., & Dashefsky, A. (2014). Jewish Population in the United States, 2013. In A. Dashefsky & I. Sheskin (Eds.), American Jewish Year Book 2013: The Annual Record of the North American Jewish Communities (pp. 201–277). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Popular Media Culture.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 7). Failed Mongol Armada Wreck Discovered off Japanese Coast. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Truck Safety: Share the Road Safely Program Needs Better Evaluation of Its Initiatives (GAO-03-680). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Toothaker, R. D. (2014). A phenomenological study of millennial students and traditional pedagogies [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2016, December 15). The Wasted Times. New York Times, C13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barnes, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Andreasen & Sharma, 2006; Barnes, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Andreasen & Sharma, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Kielpinski et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jordan et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Popular Media Culture
AbbreviationPsychol. Pop. Media Cult.
ISSN (print)2160-4134
ISSN (online)2160-4142

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