How to format your references using the Psychology of Popular Media Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Popular Media Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2006). Rumblings from the fringe. Nature, 439(7079), 910–911.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shcheka, S. S., & Keppler, H. (2012). The origin of the terrestrial noble-gas signature. Nature, 490(7421), 531–534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schumacher, M. A., Hurlburt, B. K., & Brennan, R. G. (2001). Crystal structures of SarA, a pleiotropic regulator of virulence genes in S. aureus. Nature, 409(6817), 215–219.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dortmans, J. C. F. M., Dekkers, J., Wickramasinghe, I. N. A., Verheije, M. H., Rottier, P. J. M., van Kuppeveld, F. J. M., … de Haan, C. A. M. (2013). Adaptation of novel H7N9 influenza A virus to human receptors. Scientific Reports, 3, 3058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makishima, A. (2016). Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TIMS). Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Choukr-Allah, R., Ragab, R., & Rodriguez-Clemente, R. (Eds.). (2012). Integrated Water Resources Management in the Mediterranean Region: Dialogue towards new strategy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Gyselinckx, B., Hoof, C., & Donnay, S. (2006). Body Area Networks: The Ascent of Autonomous Wireless Microsystems. In S. Mukherjee, R. M. Aarts, R. Roovers, F. Widdershoven, & M. Ouwerkerk (Eds.), AmIware Hardware Technology Drivers of Ambient Intelligence (pp. 73–83). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Popular Media Culture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 3). The Same Genes Influence Exam Results Across A Range Of School Subjects. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs: Distribution of Fiscal Year 2000 Indian Reservation Roads Funds (No. OGC-00-39). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Espinoza, E. (2015). Understanding help-seeking behavior among at-risk Latino male high school students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, August 10). Bruce Is Traded To IndiansFor Pitcher. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2006; Shcheka & Keppler, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shcheka & Keppler, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Schumacher, Hurlburt, & Brennan, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dortmans et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Popular Media Culture
AbbreviationPsychol. Pop. Media Cult.
ISSN (print)2160-4134
ISSN (online)2160-4142

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