How to format your references using the Psychology of Popular Media Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Popular Media Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A. (2000). U.S. SPACE SCIENCE: Earmarks, Rising Costs Threaten NASA Missions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5487), 2018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mbadugha, C. A., & Onakoya, A. O. (2014). The awareness, perceptions and experiences of primary open angle glaucoma patients in Lagos Nigeria. Scientific Reports, 4, 7585.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zehn, D., Lee, S. Y., & Bevan, M. J. (2009). Complete but curtailed T-cell response to very low-affinity antigen. Nature, 458(7235), 211–214.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kumazaki, K., Kishimoto, T., Furukawa, A., Mori, H., Tanaka, Y., Dohmae, N., Ishitani, R., Tsukazaki, T., & Nureki, O. (2014). Crystal structure of Escherichia coli YidC, a membrane protein chaperone and insertase. Scientific Reports, 4, 7299.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Estampe, D. (2014). Supply Chain Performance and Evaluation Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Coen, S. (Ed.). (2012). Mathematicians in Bologna 1861–1960. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Levitan, M. A., & Lavrushin, Y. A. (2009). Geologic-Paleoecological Events of the Late Pleistocene in the Northern-Siberian Lowland and Taimyr Peninsula. In Y. A. Lavrushin (Ed.), Sedimentation History in the Arctic Ocean and Subarctic Seas for the Last 130 kyr (pp. 37–41). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Popular Media Culture.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, May 25). Millions Of Parasitic Wasps Released In The US In Attempt To Control Invasive Beetle. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). National Transportation Safety Board: Observations on the Draft Business Plan for NTSB’s Training Center (GAO-07-886R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chen, A. P. (2008). An efficient algorithm for calculating fluctuation field and simulating the thermal magnetic aftereffect [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kelly, R. W. (2007, June 16). Washington’s Secret Gun Files. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lawler, 2000; Mbadugha & Onakoya, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mbadugha & Onakoya, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Zehn et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kumazaki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Popular Media Culture
AbbreviationPsychol. Pop. Media Cult.
ISSN (print)2160-4134
ISSN (online)2160-4142

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