How to format your references using the Psychology of Popular Media Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Popular Media Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crutcher, R. M. (2006). Astronomy. Testing star formation theory. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5788), 771–772.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dodds, D. R., & Gross, R. A. (2007). Chemistry. Chemicals from biomass. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5854), 1250–1251.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsukage, K. N., Jing, Z., & Karato, S.-I. (2005). Density of hydrous silicate melt at the conditions of Earth’s deep upper mantle. Nature, 438(7067), 488–491.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Singha, A., Gibertini, M., Karmakar, B., Yuan, S., Polini, M., Vignale, G., Katsnelson, M. I., Pinczuk, A., Pfeiffer, L. N., West, K. W., & Pellegrini, V. (2011). Two-dimensional Mott-Hubbard electrons in an artificial honeycomb lattice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6034), 1176–1179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Delgado, R. L.-C., & Araki, M. (2006). Spoken, Multilingual and Multimodal Dialogue Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Santoro, N. F., & Cooper, A. R. (Eds.). (2016). Primary Ovarian Insufficiency: A Clinical Guide to Early Menopause (1st ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ouannas, A., & Al-sawalha, M. M. (2016). Synchronization of Chaotic Dynamical Systems in Discrete-Time. In A. T. Azar & S. Vaidyanathan (Eds.), Advances in Chaos Theory and Intelligent Control (pp. 101–132). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Popular Media Culture.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 7). Genome Analysis Reveals How the Mammoth Got Its Coat. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Job Training Partnership Act: Actions Needed to Improve Participant Support Services (HRD-92-124). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poudyal Kharel, A. (2015). Pyrolysis Studies of Copper and Copper Phosphate Mixtures on a Tungsten Surface [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J., & Albeck-Ripka, L. (2017, September 3). Flying Cowboys Keep Them Doggies Movin’ To Higher Ground. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crutcher, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Crutcher, 2006; Dodds & Gross, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dodds & Gross, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Matsukage et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Singha et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Popular Media Culture
AbbreviationPsychol. Pop. Media Cult.
ISSN (print)2160-4134
ISSN (online)2160-4142

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