How to format your references using the Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wineland, D. (2011). Norman Ramsey (1915-2011). Nature, 480(7376), 182.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kondo, S., & Miura, T. (2010). Reaction-diffusion model as a framework for understanding biological pattern formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5999), 1616–1620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ooi, T. L., Wu, B., & He, Z. J. (2001). Distance determined by the angular declination below the horizon. Nature, 414(6860), 197–200.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lawrence, J. S., Ashley, M. C. B., Tokovinin, A., & Travouillon, T. (2004). Exceptional astronomical seeing conditions above Dome C in Antarctica. Nature, 431(7006), 278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brook, C. G. D., & Dattani, M. T. (2012). Handbook of Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ariola, M. (2008). Magnetic Control of Tokamak Plasmas (A. Pironti, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gavrilovska, A., Schwan, K., Amur, H., Krishnan, B., Vidyashankar, J., Wang, C., & Wolf, M. (2012). Understanding and Managing IT Power Consumption: A Measurement-Based Approach. In Y. Joshi & P. Kumar (Eds.), Energy Efficient Thermal Management of Data Centers (pp. 169–197). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 1). This Video Induces Natural Hallucinations. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Strategic Planning Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs across Multiple Agencies (GAO-12-108). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herron, J. (2017). The Use of Evidence Based Interventions in the Classroom for Students with Disabilities [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2000, August 20). August 13-19; Czar Beatified. New York Times, 42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wineland, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kondo & Miura, 2010; Wineland, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kondo & Miura, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Ooi et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lawrence et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice
AbbreviationPsychol. Psychother.
ISSN (print)1476-0835
ISSN (online)2044-8341
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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