How to format your references using the Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zender, L. (2014). Cancer: interference identifies immune modulators. Nature, 506(7486), 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Post, E., & Forchhammer, M. C. (2002). Synchronization of animal population dynamics by large-scale climate. Nature, 420(6912), 168–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
Winter, Y., López, J., & Von Helversen, O. (2003). Ultraviolet vision in a bat. Nature, 425(6958), 612–614.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gunther, L. K., Furuta, K., Bao, J., Urbanowski, M. K., Kojima, H., White, H. D., & Sakamoto, T. (2014). Coupling of two non-processive myosin 5c dimers enables processive stepping along actin filaments. Scientific Reports, 4, 4907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Micouin, P. (2014). Model-Based Systems Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yu, Z., Liscano, R., Chen, G., Zhang, D., & Zhou, X. (Eds.). (2010). Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing: 7th International Conference, UIC 2010, Xi’an, China, October 26-29, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6406). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yusoff, M. N., & Jantan, A. (2011). A Framework for Optimizing Malware Classification by Using Genetic Algorithm. In J. M. Zain, W. M. bt Wan Mohd, & E. El-Qawasmeh (Eds.), Software Engineering and Computer Systems: Second International Conference, ICSECS 2011, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia, June 27-29, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 58–72). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, November 24). Spiral Galaxies Aren’t The Only Ones With Spiral Shapes. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). NASA Procurement: Planning for Pilot Test of New Procurement Procedures Is Adequate (NSIAD-94-67). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koester, A. (2017). It All Started on a Lake [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000, October 29). These Political Button Men Are Relic Makers Now. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zender, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Post & Forchhammer, 2002; Zender, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Post & Forchhammer, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Winter et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gunther et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice
AbbreviationPsychol. Psychother.
ISSN (print)1476-0835
ISSN (online)2044-8341
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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