How to format your references using the Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jonas, D. M. (2003). Chemistry. Optical analogs of 2D NMR. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1515–1517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mayr, G., & Manegold, A. (2013). Can ovarian follicles fossilize? Nature, 499(7457), E1.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Connor, D. H., Huber, D., & Svoboda, K. (2009). Reverse engineering the mouse brain. Nature, 461(7266), 923–929.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dutzler, R., Campbell, E. B., Cadene, M., Chait, B. T., & MacKinnon, R. (2002). X-ray structure of a ClC chloride channel at 3.0 A reveals the molecular basis of anion selectivity. Nature, 415(6869), 287–294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horstmeyer, S. L. (2011). The Weather Almanac. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Martino, F. (2009). Imaging del trauma osteo-articolare in età pediatrica: Lesioni acute e croniche dello scheletro in accrescimento (C. Defilippi & R. Caudana, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gelmetti, C. (2015). La dermatologia e la venereologia dal XIX al XX secolo. In C. Gelmetti (Ed.), Storia della Dermatologia e della Venereologia in Italia (pp. 103–141). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 24). Could You Be Related To Genghis Khan? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Commercial Aviation: Financial Condition and Industry Responses Affect Competition (GAO-03-171T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horwitz, M. H. (2017). Morphodynamics and Sediment Transport Pathways of the John’s Pass-Blind Pass Dual Inlet System: Pinellas County, Florida [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baum, S., Conklin, K., & Johnson, N. (2013, November 13). Stop Penalizing Poor College Students. New York Times, A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jonas, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jonas, 2003; Mayr & Manegold, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mayr & Manegold, 2013)
  • Three authors: (O’Connor et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dutzler et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
AbbreviationPsychol. Trauma
ISSN (print)1942-9681
ISSN (online)1942-969X
ScopeClinical Psychology
Social Psychology

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