How to format your references using the Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palese, P. (2012). Don’t censor life-saving science. Nature, 481(7380), 115.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauer, S., & Hoye, B. J. (2014). Migratory animals couple biodiversity and ecosystem functioning worldwide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6179), 1242552.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, Y.-J., Jiménez-García, K., & Spielman, I. B. (2011). Spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates. Nature, 471(7336), 83–86.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hu, K., Carroll, J., Fedorovich, S., Rickman, C., Sukhodub, A., & Davletov, B. (2002). Vesicular restriction of synaptobrevin suggests a role for calcium in membrane fusion. Nature, 415(6872), 646–650.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ng, R. (2005). Drugs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bourassa, M. G., & Tardif, J.-C. (Eds.). (2006). Antioxidants and Cardiovascular Disease (Second Edition, Vol. 258). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Bournez, O., & Cohen, J. (2013). Learning Equilibria in Games by Stochastic Distributed Algorithms. In E. Gelenbe & R. Lent (Eds.), Computer and Information Sciences III: 27th International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences (pp. 31–38). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 12). Battle Of The Deep Sea Monsters: Colossal Squid Vs Giant Toothfish. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Diffusing Innovations: Implementing the Technology Transfer Act of 1986 (PEMD-91-23). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Decker, K. M. (2013). A study of relationships between counselor education, social justice advocacy competence, and likelihood to advocate [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marshall, L. (2011, October 16). From Granny’s Store to G.M. New York Times, BU9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palese, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bauer & Hoye, 2014; Palese, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bauer & Hoye, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Lin et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hu et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
AbbreviationPsychiatr. Rehabil. J.
ISSN (print)1095-158X
ISSN (online)1559-3126
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Health Professions (miscellaneous)

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