How to format your references using the Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campisi, J. (2005). Suppressing cancer: the importance of being senescent. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5736), 886–887.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schiermeier, Q., & Wegner, R. (2002). Foreign researchers turn their backs on Germany. Nature, 415(6875), 945.
A journal article with 3 authors
Purohit, P., Mitra, A., & Auerbach, A. (2007). A stepwise mechanism for acetylcholine receptor channel gating. Nature, 446(7138), 930–933.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Folli, V., Ghofraniha, N., Puglisi, A., Leuzzi, L., & Conti, C. (2013). Time-resolved dynamics of granular matter by random laser emission. Scientific Reports, 3, 2251.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon, P., Brousse, T., & Favier, F. (2017). Supercapacitors Based on Carbon or Pseudocapacitive Materials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rutty, G. N. (Ed.). (2014). Essentials of Autopsy Practice: Advances, Updates and Emerging Technologies. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Isaac, R., Annie, I. K., & Prashanth, H. R. (2014). Parenting in India. In H. Selin (Ed.), Parenting Across Cultures: Childrearing, Motherhood and Fatherhood in Non-Western Cultures (pp. 39–45). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 15). Time Lapse Video of Strawberries. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). FAA’s Implementation of a Performance Standard for Passenger Screening Process (No. T-RCED-88-4). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, S. S. (2013). Professionals’ perceptions of effective interventions with elderly hoarders (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, B. P. (2005, December 31). Closing Time; Iskandariya. New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campisi, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Campisi, 2005; Schiermeier & Wegner, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schiermeier & Wegner, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Purohit, Mitra, & Auerbach, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Folli, Ghofraniha, Puglisi, Leuzzi, & Conti, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
AbbreviationPsychiatr. Rehabil. J.
ISSN (print)1095-158X
ISSN (online)1559-3126
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Health Professions (miscellaneous)

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