How to format your references using the Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamien, R. D. (2007). Materials science. Better geometry through chemistry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5815), 1083–1084.
A journal article with 2 authors
McLennan, M. R., & Hockings, K. J. (2014). Wild chimpanzees show group differences in selection of agricultural crops. Scientific Reports, 4, 5956.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, M.-H., Wan, L.-Z., & Zhang, Y.-Q. (2014). A novel sodium N-fatty acyl amino acid surfactant using silkworm pupae as stock material. Scientific Reports, 4, 4428.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Malajovich, I., Berry, J. J., Samarth, N., & Awschalom, D. D. (2001). Persistent sourcing of coherent spins for multifunctional semiconductor spintronics. Nature, 411(6839), 770–772.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitra, A. (2008). Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Keyfitz, N. (2005). Applied Mathematical Demography (H. Caswell, Ed.; Third Edition). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Palacios, J., & Cin, P. D. (2009). Molecular Pathology and Cytogenetics of Endometrial Carcinoma, Carcinosarcoma, and Uterine Sarcomas. In E. Oliva & F. Muggia (Eds.), Uterine Cancer: Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (pp. 87–104). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). Busting Myths: A Practical Guide To Countering Science Denial. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). FAA Information Technology: Complete Cost Data Not Provided to OMB (IMTEC-91-22). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang, H. (2008). Studies of Zeolite-Based Artificial Photosynthetic Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ewing, J., Goldman, A., & Tabuchi, H. (2017, January 10). VW Executive’s Trip Let F.B.I. Pounce. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kamien, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kamien, 2007; McLennan & Hockings, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McLennan & Hockings, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Wu et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Malajovich et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
AbbreviationPsychiatr. Rehabil. J.
ISSN (print)1095-158X
ISSN (online)1559-3126
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Health Professions (miscellaneous)

Other styles