How to format your references using the Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flannery, T. (2001). Geology. North American devastation or global cataclysm? Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1668–1669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gittis, A. H., & Brasier, D. J. (2015). NEUROSCIENCE. Astrocytes tell neurons when to listen up. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6249), 690–691.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripati, A. K., Roberts, C. D., & Eagle, R. A. (2009). Coupling of CO2 and ice sheet stability over major climate transitions of the last 20 million years. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5958), 1394–1397.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Saini, D., Behlow, H., Podila, R., Dickel, D., Pillai, B., Skove, M. J., Serkiz, S. M., & Rao, A. M. (2014). Mechanical resonances of helically coiled carbon nanowires. Scientific Reports, 4, 5542.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris, C. (2006). Electricity Markets. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Canova, F., & Poletto, L. (Eds.). (2015). Optical Technologies for Extreme-Ultraviolet and Soft X-ray Coherent Sources (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 197). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Conforti, M., Cornuéjols, G., & Zambelli, G. (2014). Split and Gomory Inequalities. In G. Cornuéjols & G. Zambelli (Eds.), Integer Programming (pp. 195–234). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 23). Galaxy Cluster 9.9 Billion Light Years Away Confirmed. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). High Speed Rail: Learning From Service Start-ups, Prospects for Increased Industry Investment, and Federal Oversight Plans (GAO-10-625). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beverley, D. (2014). Golf as a tool for executive leadership development [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B. (2015, February 4). Despite Recalls, G.M. Pays Workers Big Bonus. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Flannery, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Flannery, 2001; Gittis & Brasier, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gittis & Brasier, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Tripati et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Saini et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
AbbreviationPsychiatr. Rehabil. J.
ISSN (print)1095-158X
ISSN (online)1559-3126
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Health Professions (miscellaneous)

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