How to format your references using the Proteome Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proteome Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Trono D. Virology. Picking the right spot. Science. 2003;300:1670–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Higgins CF, Linton KJ. Structural biology. The xyz of ABC transporters. Science. 2001;293:1782–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bibring J-P, Squyres SW, Arvidson RE. Planetary science. Merging views on Mars. Science. 2006;313:1899–901.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Naqvi SW, Jayakumar DA, Narvekar PV, Naik H, Sarma VV, D’Souza W, et al. Increased marine production of N2O due to intensifying anoxia on the Indian continental shelf. Nature. 2000;408:346–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Albright RD. Death of the Chesapeake. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Dinar A, Pochat V, Albiac-Murillo J, editors. Water Pricing Experiences and Innovations. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Balthazar EJ. The Role of Computed Tomography. In: Balthazar EJ, Megibow AJ, Pozzi Mucelli R, editors. Imaging of the Pancreas: Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 49–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proteome Science.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Could Brain Scans and AI Reveal The Mindset Of A Suspected Criminal? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Improvements Can Be Made in the Fiscal Management of CETA. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Apr. Report No.: HRD-82-53.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Holliday S. A case study of how DuPont reduced its environment footprint: The role of organizational change in sustainability [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. An Early Admirer of ‘Star Wars.’ New York Times. 2015 Dec 17;C32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProteome Science
AbbreviationProteome Sci.
ISSN (online)1477-5956
Molecular Biology

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