How to format your references using the Plasma Sources Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Sources Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goulson D 2014 Ecology: Pesticides linked to bird declines Nature 511 295–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomita M and Kami K 2012 Cancer. Systems biology, metabolomics, and cancer metabolism Science 336 990–1
A journal article with 3 authors
Horne-Badovinac S, Rebagliati M and Stainier D Y R 2003 A cellular framework for gut-looping morphogenesis in zebrafish Science 302 662–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Fang A F, Xu G, Dong T, Zheng P and Wang N L 2013 Structural phase transition in IrTe₂: a combined study of optical spectroscopy and band structure calculations Sci. Rep. 3 1153

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Institute of Management and Administration (IOMA) 2012 Cost Reduction and Control Best Practices (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Harper R 2011 The Connected Home: The Future of Domestic Life (London: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Harding S 2011 Interrogating the Modernity vs. Tradition Contrast: Whose Science and Technology for Whose Social Progress? Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: Power in Knowledge ed H E Grasswick (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 85–108

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Sources Science and Technology.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2016 Even Computers Find Super Mario Bros. Hard IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2004 Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Management of Northeast Corridor Improvements Demonstrates Need for Applying Best Practices (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newfang D A 2017 A Historical Assessment of Asbestos Exposure, Abatement Methods and Containment Efficacy During Asbestos Containing Material Removal Activities at a Large Federal Facility Doctoral dissertation (Tampa, FL: University of South Florida)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M 2010 You Can’t Pop Up Forever New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Sources Science and Technology
AbbreviationPlasma Sources Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0963-0252
ISSN (online)1361-6595
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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