How to format your references using the Plasma Sources Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Sources Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sommeria J 2001 Unweaving the whirls Nature 413 575
A journal article with 2 authors
Hadders M A and Lens S M A 2014 Cell biology. Mind the midzone Science 345 265–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregoire L J, Payne A J and Valdes P J 2012 Deglacial rapid sea level rises caused by ice-sheet saddle collapses Nature 487 219–22
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Hardy W R, Li L, Wang Z, Sedy J, Fawcett J, Frank E, Kucera J and Pawson T 2007 Combinatorial ShcA docking interactions support diversity in tissue morphogenesis Science 317 251–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bard J and Kovarik V J Jr 2007 Software Defined Radio (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Baschieri S 2012 Innovation in Vaccinology: from design, through to delivery and testing (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Salem B and Peeters H 2007 InterCUBE: A Study into Merging Action and Interaction Spaces Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2007: 11th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 10-14, 2007, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed C Baranauskas, P Palanque, J Abascal and S D J Barbosa (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 57–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Sources Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew D 2017 What Causes Whale Mass Strandings? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2000 State Department: Overseas Emergency Security Program Progressing, But Costs Are Increasing (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ren W 2013 The Portrayal of Risk-taking Behaviors in Traffic on the Prime-time Television Series Doctoral dissertation (Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M 2014 A Dominating Display at 14 New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Sources Science and Technology
AbbreviationPlasma Sources Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0963-0252
ISSN (online)1361-6595
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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