How to format your references using the Plasma Sources Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Sources Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batail P 2013 Chemistry. Tuning molecular solids Science 341 135–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Géléoc G S G and Holt J R 2014 Sound strategies for hearing restoration Science 344 1241062
A journal article with 3 authors
Tobler P N, Fiorillo C D and Schultz W 2005 Adaptive coding of reward value by dopamine neurons Science 307 1642–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Riethman H C, Xiang Z, Paul S, Morse E, Hu X L, Flint J, Chi H C, Grady D L and Moyzis R K 2001 Integration of telomere sequences with the draft human genome sequence Nature 409 948–51

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li Y 2015 Computer Principles and Design in Verilog HDL (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Gutierrez J, Schicho J and Weimann M 2015 Computer Algebra and Polynomials: Applications of Algebra and Number Theory vol 8942 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Gerber J, Arms H, Wiecher M and Danner C 2014 Making Bull’s-Eye Decisions in Volatile Settings Leveraging Flexibility: Win the Race with Dynamic Decision Management ed H Arms, M Wiecher and C Danner (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 44–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Sources Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 The Verdict is In: Feel-Good Exercise Hormone Irisin Is Real IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1997 Highway Funding: The Federal Highway Administration’s Funding Apportionment Model (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arzaga C B 2012 Homeless shelter program for the elderly in Los Angeles, California: A grant writing project Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J 2017 Juliana Koo, 111; Wrote Life Story at 104 New York Times B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Sources Science and Technology
AbbreviationPlasma Sources Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0963-0252
ISSN (online)1361-6595
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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