How to format your references using the Plasma Sources Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Sources Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gupta S 2014 Mental health: ups and downs Nature 510 S10-1
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim K-H and Park Q-H 2013 Perfect anti-reflection from first principles Sci. Rep. 3 1062
A journal article with 3 authors
Tellinghuisen T L, Marcotrigiano J and Rice C M 2005 Structure of the zinc-binding domain of an essential component of the hepatitis C virus replicase Nature 435 374–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Yan B, Liu J, Song B, Xiao P and Lu L 2013 Li-rich thin film cathode prepared by pulsed laser deposition Sci. Rep. 3 3332

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith M B 2014 Compendium of Organic Synthetic Methods: Smith/Compendium (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Nocedal J 2006 Numerical Optimization ed S J Wright (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Whaanga H and Matamua R 2016 Matariki Tāpuapua: Pools of Traditional Knowledge and Currents of Change Everyday Knowledge, Education and Sustainable Futures: Transdisciplinary Approaches in the Asia-Pacific Region Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects ed M Robertson and P K E Tsang (Singapore: Springer) pp 59–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Sources Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Seven Myths About Dyslexia Put To Rest IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1978 Proposed Procedure for Access by GAO to Records of Students in the Murphy School District (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller C K 2006 Incidence and Characterization of Oral Motor, Pharyngeal, and Cervical Esophageal Swallowing Dysfunction in Pediatric Patients with Chiari 1 Malformation Doctoral dissertation (Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M 1992 THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Political Memo; Those Chicken Georges And What They Mean New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Sources Science and Technology
AbbreviationPlasma Sources Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0963-0252
ISSN (online)1361-6595
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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