How to format your references using the Plasma Sources Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Sources Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elert E 2014 Aetiology: Searching for schizophrenia’s roots Nature 508 S2-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Komatsu T and Itino T 2014 Moth caterpillar solicits for homopteran honeydew Sci. Rep. 4 3922
A journal article with 3 authors
Soroceanu L, Akhavan A and Cobbs C S 2008 Platelet-derived growth factor-alpha receptor activation is required for human cytomegalovirus infection Nature 455 391–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Nagalakshmi U, Wang Z, Waern K, Shou C, Raha D, Gerstein M and Snyder M 2008 The transcriptional landscape of the yeast genome defined by RNA sequencing Science 320 1344–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kracke E-A and Lodde K 2011 Leitfaden Straßenbrücken (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Piccioli A 2015 Bones: Orthopaedic Pathologies in Roman Imperial Age ed V Gazzaniga and P Catalano (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Humphrey M A and Burkart A R 2010 Infrastructure Development Through Civil Nuclear Cooperation Nuclear Power and Energy Security NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics ed S A Apikyan and D J Diamond (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 23–6

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Sources Science and Technology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2016 You Can Watch A Blue Origin Rocket Launch Live For The First Time This Friday IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1975 Space Transportation System (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rojas A 2010 ASD: A family approach curriculum Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2007 Rights of Unions and Nonmembers Vie at Court New York Times A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Sources Science and Technology
AbbreviationPlasma Sources Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0963-0252
ISSN (online)1361-6595
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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