How to format your references using the Plasma Sources Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Sources Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gangui A 2003 Astronomy. A preposterous universe Science 299 1333–4
A journal article with 2 authors
Lill T and Joubert O 2008 Materials science. The cutting edge of plasma etching Science 319 1050–1
A journal article with 3 authors
Ooi T L, Wu B and He Z J 2001 Distance determined by the angular declination below the horizon Nature 414 197–200
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Tiwari M, Sharma D, Singh M, Tripathi R D and Trivedi P K 2014 Expression of OsMATE1 and OsMATE2 alters development, stress responses and pathogen susceptibility in Arabidopsis Sci. Rep. 4 3964

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samonas M 2015 Financial Forecasting, Analysis, and Modelling (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Lindley S, McBride C, Trinder P and Sannella D 2016 A List of Successes That Can Change the World: Essays Dedicated to Philip Wadler on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday vol 9600 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Qiang H-F, Zhong Q-Y and Tan L-L 2012 Further Issues about Classroom Teaching of Holding a Post Education in Military Academy Education and Educational Technology Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing ed Y Wang (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 29–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Sources Science and Technology.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Tortoises Racing to Use Touchscreens IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2017 Technology Assessment: Internet of Things: Status and implications of an increasingly connected world (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman E D 2014 The Nature of Leadership: A Case Study of Distributed Leadership Amidst A Participative Change Effort Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Calvert M F 2013 A Hush Falls Where Rockets Once Roared New York Times BU8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Sources Science and Technology
AbbreviationPlasma Sources Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0963-0252
ISSN (online)1361-6595
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics

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