How to format your references using the Journal of Computer and System Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer and System Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.W. Oxtoby, Phase transitions. Catching crystals at birth, Nature. 406 (2000) 464–465.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.A. Kidner, R.A. Martienssen, Spatially restricted microRNA directs leaf polarity through ARGONAUTE1, Nature. 428 (2004) 81–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
G.N. Parkinson, M.P.H. Lee, S. Neidle, Crystal structure of parallel quadruplexes from human telomeric DNA, Nature. 417 (2002) 876–880.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Schoch, F. Deák, A. Königstorfer, M. Mozhayeva, Y. Sara, T.C. Südhof, E.T. Kavalali, SNARE function analyzed in synaptobrevin/VAMP knockout mice, Science. 294 (2001) 1117–1122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G.J. Hofmeyr, J.P. Neilson, Z. Alfirevic, C.A. Crowther, A.M. Gülmezoglu, E.D. Hodnett, G.M.L. Gyte, L. Duley, A Cochrane Pocketbook: Pregnancy and Childbirth, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2008.
An edited book
O. Dössel, W.C. Schlegel, eds., World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/8 Micro- and Nanosystems in Medicine, Active Implants, Biosensors, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
M.L. Moritz, Electrolyte Disorders in the Newborn, in: A.S. Chishti, S. Alam, S.G. Kiessling (Eds.), Kidney and Urinary Tract Diseases in the Newborn, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 99–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer and System Sciences.

Blog post
T. Hale, Here’s How Much Radiation You’re Exposed To Every Single Day, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, High Risk Series: Student Financial Aid, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.S. Ramberg, L’envers et l’endroit: The other side of the cloth, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, Maître D’ Says “Buona Sera,” but Back Home, It’s “Buenos Días,” New York Times. (2002) 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer and System Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Syst. Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-0000
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Networks and Communications
Applied Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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