How to format your references using the Journal of Computer and System Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer and System Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Bhatia, Developmental biology. Microenvironment mimicry, Science. 329 (2010) 1024–1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.C. Kidd, E. Castano, Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind, Science. 342 (2013) 377–380.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Piovia-Scott, D.A. Spiller, T.W. Schoener, Effects of experimental seaweed deposition on lizard and ant predation in an island food web, Science. 331 (2011) 461–463.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Kato, K. Okazaki, T. Iida, J.-I. Nakayama, Y. Murakami, T. Urano, Spt6 prevents transcription-coupled loss of posttranslationally modified histone H3, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Hamdan, P.G. Righetti, Proteomics Today, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
P. Reimer, P.M. Parizel, J.F.M. Meaney, F.A. Stichnoth, eds., Clinical MR Imaging, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Mitchell, Introduction Category Theory and Homological Algebra, in: P. Salmon (Ed.), Categories and Commutative Algebra, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 91–195.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer and System Sciences.

Blog post
K. Evans, You Will Probably Be Stereotyped If You Use These Words, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Federal Interest in Legislative-Administrative Relations in the States, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Ratzlaff, Dynamics of chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) infection in amphibians in the Rincon Mountains and Tucson, Arizona, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Schwartz, Forecast for Hurricanes Is Stormier Than Normal, New York Times. (2017) A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer and System Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Syst. Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-0000
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Networks and Communications
Applied Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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