How to format your references using the Journal of Computer and System Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer and System Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.M. Crowder, Cell biology. Ceramides--friend or foe in hypoxia?, Science. 324 (2009) 343–344.
A journal article with 2 authors
I.J. Corfe, R.J. Butler, Comment on “A well-preserved Archaeopteryx specimen with theropod features,” Science. 313 (2006) 1238; author reply 1238.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. McCauley, W.A. Nelson, R.M. Nisbet, Small-amplitude cycles emerge from stage-structured interactions in Daphnia-algal systems, Nature. 455 (2008) 1240–1243.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.F. Dion, T. Kaplan, M. Kim, S. Buratowski, N. Friedman, O.J. Rando, Dynamics of replication-independent histone turnover in budding yeast, Science. 315 (2007) 1405–1408.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Hayward, F. Weare, Steel Detailers’ Manual, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
J. Pahl, T. Reiners, S. Voß, eds., Network Optimization: 5th International Conference, INOC 2011, Hamburg, Germany, June 13-16, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Mierzejewski, R.C. Reardon, H. Thistle, N.R. Dubois, Conventional application equipment: aerial application, in: L.A. Lacey, H.K. Kaya (Eds.), Field Manual of Techniques in Invertebrate Pathology: Application and Evaluation of Pathogens for Control of Insects and Other Invertebrate Pests, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2007: pp. 99–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer and System Sciences.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Mysterious Luminous Blob Is A Giant Galaxy Waiting To Form, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Department of Education Could Improve Its Monitoring and Assistance, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Khanabadi Ghehi, Global Operation of Integrated Decentralized Power Systems, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, My Year in Reading, New York Times. (2016) BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer and System Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Syst. Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-0000
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Networks and Communications
Applied Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles