How to format your references using the Journal of Computer and System Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer and System Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Telling, Neurodegeneration: Evolved protection against human prions, Nature. 522 (2015) 423–424.
A journal article with 2 authors
K.A. Engelhardt, M.E. Ritchie, Effects of macrophyte species richness on wetland ecosystem functioning and services, Nature. 411 (2001) 687–689.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.G. Victor, R. Gerlagh, G. Baiocchi, Climate policy. Getting serious about categorizing countries, Science. 345 (2014) 34–36.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Song, J. Altarejos, M.O. Goodarzi, H. Inoue, X. Guo, R. Berdeaux, J.-H. Kim, J. Goode, M. Igata, J.C. Paz, M.F. Hogan, P.K. Singh, N. Goebel, L. Vera, N. Miller, J. Cui, M.R. Jones, CHARGE Consortium, GIANT Consortium, Y.-D.I. Chen, K.D. Taylor, W.A. Hsueh, J.I. Rotter, M. Montminy, CRTC3 links catecholamine signalling to energy balance, Nature. 468 (2010) 933–939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Collins, Magic in the Ancient Greek World, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
S. Apikyan, D. Diamond, eds., Countering Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Beltiţă, J.E. Galé, Reproducing Kernels and Positivity of Vector Bundles in Infinite Dimensions, in: M. de Jeu, B. de Pagter, O. van Gaans, M. Veraar (Eds.), Ordered Structures and Applications: Positivity VII (Zaanen Centennial Conference), 22-26 July 2013, Leiden, the Netherlands, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 51–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer and System Sciences.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Fossils Suggest An Aquatic Plant That Bloomed Underwater Was Among First Flowering Plants, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Services to Indian Head Start Grantees Under a Special Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.A. Woods, Missouri Legislator and Administrator Perceptions of Federal Government Involvement in Education, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Dodgers’ Rookie Manager Learns, and Acts, Quickly, New York Times. (2016) D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer and System Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Syst. Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-0000
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Networks and Communications
Applied Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles