How to format your references using the Progress in Disaster Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Disaster Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hahn R. Ronald Harry Coase (1910-2013). Nature 2013;502:449.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Le Goff L, Lecuit T. Developmental biology. Gradient scaling and growth. Science 2011;331:1141–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Tregenza T, Butlin RK, Wedell N. Sexual conflict and speciation. Nature 2000;407:149–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Dreyfus R, Baudry J, Roper ML, Fermigier M, Stone HA, Bibette J. Microscopic artificial swimmers. Nature 2005;437:862–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Trigeassou J-C. Electrical Machines Diagnosis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Liang Q, Wang W, Mu J, Liang J, Zhang B, Pi Y, et al., editors. Communications, Signal Processing, and Systems: The 2012 Proceedings of the International Conference on Communications, Signal Processing, and Systems. vol. 202. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Stone L. Educationalization in a USA Present: A Historicist Rendering. In: Smeyers P, Depaepe M, editors. Educational Research: the Educationalization of Social Problems, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Disaster Science.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Dragonflies Can Predict Their Prey’s Next Move. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/dragonflies-can-predict-their-preys-next-move/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Numbers: Internet Resellers Provide Few Full SSNs, but Congress Should Consider Enacting Standards for Truncating SSNs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Niedringhaus B. Best Practice in Early Reading Intervention: Implementing a Reading Intervention Program to Reach Below Level Readers. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. Where Culture and Traffic Intersect, a Dispute. New York Times 2002:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Disaster Science
ISSN (print)2590-0617
Scope

Other styles