How to format your references using the Progress in Disaster Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Disaster Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Wisdom J. Swimming in spacetime: motion by cyclic changes in body shape. Science 2003;299:1865–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hedwig B, Poulet JFA. Complex auditory behaviour emerges from simple reactive steering. Nature 2004;430:781–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lyons JR, Lewis RS, Clayton RN. Comment on “Experimental test of self-shielding in vacuum ultraviolet photodissociation of CO.” Science 2009;324:1516;author reply 1516.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Li X, Guo H, Yang Y, Meng J, Liu J, Wang C, et al. A designed peptide targeting CXCR4 displays anti-acute myelocytic leukemia activity in vitro and in vivo. Sci Rep 2014;4:6610.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
German Concrete and Construction Cl. Beispiele zur Bemessung Nach Eurocode 2. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Tlelo-Cuautle E, editor. Integrated Circuits for Analog Signal Processing. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Delaët S, Ducourthial B, Tixeuil S. Self-stabilization with r-Operators Revisited. In: Tixeuil S, Herman T, editors. Self-Stabilizing Systems: 7th International Symposium, SSS 2005, Barcelona, Spain, October 26-27, 2005. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005, p. 68–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Disaster Science.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. This Wooden Carving Is Twice As Old As The Pyramids. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Legacy Airlines Must Further Reduce Costs to Restore Profitability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Peters B. From Cybernetics to Cyber Networks: Norbert Wiener, the Soviet Internet, and the Cold War Dawn of Information Universalism. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Saslow L. Honoring Neighbors Killed in Attacks. New York Times 2007:14LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Disaster Science
ISSN (print)2590-0617
Scope

Other styles