How to format your references using the Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stewart I. Schrodinger’s mousetrap. Part 1. Nature. 2005;433(7023):200-201.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pardo M, Nurse P. Equatorial retention of the contractile actin ring by microtubules during cytokinesis. Science. 2003;300(5625):1569-1574.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Xie W, Wang H, Wu J. Similar morphological and molecular signatures shared by female and male germline stem cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5580.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Fujita S, Yamanoi S, Murata K, et al. A repeatedly refuelable mediated biofuel cell based on a hierarchical porous carbon electrode. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cronin R. Reading Victorian Poetry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Bland JAC, Heinrich B, eds. Ultrathin Magnetic Structures III: Fundamentals of Nanomagnetism. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ignatiev AA, Lyashenko AV. Heteromagnetic Oscillator. In: Lyashenko AV, ed. Heteromagnetic Microelectronics: Microsystems of Active Type. New York, NY: Springer; 2010:175-197.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Pulsar Knocks Out Its Companion Star. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Impact of Funding on Materials R&D Programs in the Departments of Energy and Commerce, and NASA Since FY 1980. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hood EP. Male teacher perspective on the recruitment of male elementary teachers: A phenomenological study. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Baker L. In Vancouver, a New Effort to Sell Olympic Condos. New York Times. February 23, 2011:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Cardiovascular Diseases
AbbreviationProg. Cardiovasc. Dis.
ISSN (print)0033-0620
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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