How to format your references using the Current Rheumatology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Rheumatology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Heavens NG. Planetary science. Sunshine on a cloudy forecast. Science. 2011;333:1832–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tzeng S-R, Kalodimos CG. Protein activity regulation by conformational entropy. Nature. 2012;488:236–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Xia K, Rosakis AJ, Kanamori H. Laboratory earthquakes: the sub-Rayleigh-to-supershear rupture transition. Science. 2004;303:1859–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wu W, Wang C, Li Q, Ye C, Qin J, Li Z. The influence of pentafluorophenyl groups on the nonlinear optical (NLO) performance of high generation dendrons and dendrimers. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sluga H. Wittgenstein. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Friedrich G, Helmert M, Wotawa F, editors. KI 2016: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 39th Annual German Conference on AI, Klagenfurt, Austria, September 26-30, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mapesa EU, Tress M, Reiche M, Kremer F. Molecular Dynamics of Poly(cis-1,4-Isoprene) in 1- and 2-Dimensional Confinement. In: Kremer F, editor. Dynamics in Geometrical Confinement. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 95–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Rheumatology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Map Of Earth’s Mantle Reveals That It’s Churning 10 Times Faster Than We Thought [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Insurance: Issues Related to the Reauthorization of FAA’s Aviation Insurance Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 May. Report No.: T-RCED-97-115.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Quintero MC. Constructing a Clinical Research Data Management System [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Harrisburg Expects to Miss a Bond Payment. New York Times. 2010 Sep 3;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Rheumatology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Rheumatol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1523-3774
ISSN (online)1534-6307

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