How to format your references using the Current Rheumatology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Rheumatology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Maxmen A. The hard facts. Nature. 2012;485:S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Luan B, Robbins MO. The breakdown of continuum models for mechanical contacts. Nature. 2005;435:929–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Depine GV, Andronicos CL, Phipps-Morgan J. Near-isothermal conditions in the middle and lower crust induced by melt migration. Nature. 2008;452:80–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Shang GL, Fei GT, Zhang Y, Yan P, Xu SH, Ouyang HM, et al. Fano resonance in anodic aluminum oxide based photonic crystals. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3601.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Laursen GHN, Thorlund J. Business Analytics for Managers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Banerjee S, Chakrabarti A, editors. Development and Sustainability: India in a Global Perspective. New Delhi: Springer India; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Qiu D, Hu Y, Wang L. The Application of Option Pricing Theory in Participating Life Insurance Pricing Based On Vasicek Model. In: Wu D, editor. Quantitative Financial Risk Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Rheumatology Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. An Experimental Stem Cell Treatment Lead To A Woman Accidentally Growing A Nose On Her Spine [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Public Transportation: Improvements Are Needed to More Fully Assess Predicted Impacts of New Starts Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Jul. Report No.: GAO-08-844.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ashrafzadeh MH. Provision of community services for the mentally challenged population in Iran [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Even With Yanks Hurting, There’s Usually Pain to Spare for Mets. New York Times. 2013 May 28;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Rheumatology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Rheumatol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1523-3774
ISSN (online)1534-6307

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