How to format your references using the Professional Psychology: Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayo, M. J. (2009). Video games: a route to large-scale STEM education? Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5910), 79–82.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greif, D. M., & Eichmann, A. (2014). Vascular biology: Brain vessels squeezed to death. Nature, 508(7494), 50–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mojzsis, S. J., Harrison, T. M., & Pidgeon, R. T. (2001). Oxygen-isotope evidence from ancient zircons for liquid water at the Earth’s surface 4,300 Myr ago. Nature, 409(6817), 178–181.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Feng, X., Fu, B., Lu, N., Zeng, Y., & Wu, B. (2013). How ecological restoration alters ecosystem services: an analysis of carbon sequestration in China’s Loess Plateau. Scientific Reports, 3, 2846.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Misra, S., & Goswami, S. (2017). Network Routing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Elgazzar, A. H. (Ed.). (2006). The Pathophysiologic Basis of Nuclear Medicine (Second Edition). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Higa, C. K., & Chorpita, B. F. (2008). Evidence-Based Therapies: Translating Research into Practice. In R. G. Steele, T. D. Elkin, & M. C. Roberts (Eds.), Handbook of Evidence-Based Therapies for Children and Adolescents: Bridging Science and Practice (pp. 45–61). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Professional Psychology: Research and Practice.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 16). Galapagos Birds are Adding Flowers to their Diet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Managed Care: State Approaches on Selected Patient Protections (T-HEHS-99-85). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kashyap, S. K. (2017). Bit Error Rate Performance of 4x2 Space-Time MIMO-OFDM Conjugate Cancellation Techniques [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2009, January 18). Two Stars, Meeting Across a Bible. New York Times, WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mayo, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Greif & Eichmann, 2014; Mayo, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greif & Eichmann, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Mojzsis et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Feng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleProfessional Psychology: Research and Practice
AbbreviationProf. Psychol. Res. Pr.
ISSN (print)0735-7028
ISSN (online)1939-1323
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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