How to format your references using the Professional Psychology: Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Michel-Kerjan, E. (2015). We must build resilience into our communities. Nature, 524(7566), 389.
A journal article with 2 authors
Csete, M. E., & Doyle, J. C. (2002). Reverse engineering of biological complexity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5560), 1664–1669.
A journal article with 3 authors
Skoglund, G., Nockert, M., & Holst, B. (2013). Viking and early Middle Ages northern Scandinavian textiles proven to be made with hemp. Scientific Reports, 3, 2686.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zheng, Z., Sheng, B., Gao, C., Zhang, H., Qin, T., Ma, C., & Xu, P. (2013). Highly stereoselective biosynthesis of (R)-α-hydroxy carboxylic acids through rationally re-designed mutation of D-lactate dehydrogenase. Scientific Reports, 3, 3401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halpert, B. (2011). Auditing Cloud Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nunen, J. A. E. E., Speranza, M. G., & Bertazzi, L. (Eds.). (2009). Innovations in Distribution Logistics (Vol. 619). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Herbener, J. (2014). Fed Policy Errors of the Great Depression. In D. Howden & J. T. Salerno (Eds.), The Fed at One Hundred: A Critical View on the Federal Reserve System (pp. 43–54). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Professional Psychology: Research and Practice.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, November 2). New Rover Will Reach Mars In 2018 And Drill Two Meters Below The Surface In Search Of Life. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Business Modernization: NASA’s Challenges in Managing Its Integrated Financial Management Program (GAO-04-255). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tang, Y. (2009). Structure tailored properties and functionalities of zero-dimensional nanostructures [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, August 26). Games Are Over; Battle Goes On. New York Times, SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Michel-Kerjan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Csete & Doyle, 2002; Michel-Kerjan, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Csete & Doyle, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Skoglund et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zheng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleProfessional Psychology: Research and Practice
AbbreviationProf. Psychol. Res. Pr.
ISSN (print)0735-7028
ISSN (online)1939-1323
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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