How to format your references using the Communications in Mathematics and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communications in Mathematics and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zare, R.N.: Chemistry. Resonances in reaction dynamics. Science. 311, 1383–1385 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis, K.J., Whittaker, R.J.: Ecology. Species diversity--scale matters. Science. 295, 1245–1248 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Meissner, M., Schlüter, D., Soldati, D.: Role of Toxoplasma gondii myosin A in powering parasite gliding and host cell invasion. Science. 298, 837–840 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lavé, J., Yule, D., Sapkota, S., Basant, K., Madden, C., Attal, M., Pandey, R.: Evidence for a great medieval earthquake (~1100 A.D.) in the central Himalayas, Nepal. Science. 307, 1302–1305 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sluga, H.: Wittgenstein. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Layton, W.J.: Approximate Deconvolution Models of Turbulence: Analysis, Phenomenology and Numerical Analysis. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
McSweeney, P.J., Mehrotra, K., Oh, J.C.: A Force-Directed Layout for Community Detection with Automatic Clusterization. In: Takadama, K., Cioffi-Revilla, C., and Deffuant, G. (eds.) Simulating Interacting Agents and Social Phenomena: The Second World Congress. pp. 49–63. Springer Japan, Tokyo (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communications in Mathematics and Statistics.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Scientists Have Discovered A Supermassive Black Hole By Chance,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: Technology’s Role in Addressing Vulnerabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boothe, C.S.: The effects of prototype medium on the user’s overall perception of usability and ability to detect usability flaws, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Shostakovich Is Scaled Down After Protests From Church, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunications in Mathematics and Statistics
AbbreviationCommun. Math. Stat.
ISSN (print)2194-6701
ISSN (online)2194-671X
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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