How to format your references using the Communications in Mathematics and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communications in Mathematics and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D.: The voice of science: let’s agree to disagree. Nature. 478, 7 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Meldrum, F.C., Sear, R.P.: Materials science. Now you see them. Science. 322, 1802–1803 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Møller, P.R., Nielsen, J.G., Fossen, I.: Fish migration: Patagonian toothfish found off Greenland. Nature. 421, 599 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhao, Y., Rodrigo, J., Hoveyda, A.H., Snapper, M.L.: Enantioselective silyl protection of alcohols catalysed by an amino-acid-based small molecule. Nature. 443, 67–70 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Turner, J.R., Durham, T.A.: Integrated Cardiac Safety: Assessment Methodologies for Noncardiac Drugs in Discovery, Development, and Postmarketing Surveillance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2008)
An edited book
Haan, J., Berger, H. eds: The European Central Bank at Ten. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Scott, M.M., Frew, A.J.: Exploring the Role of In-Trip Applications for Sustainable Tourism: Expert Perspectives. In: Cantoni, L. and Xiang, Z. (phil) (eds.) Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2013: Proceedings of the International Conference in Innsbruck, Austria, January 22-25, 2013. pp. 36–46. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communications in Mathematics and Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Watch a Clam “Lick” Salt Off a Table,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Safety: Is Re-regulation Needed To Improve Aviation Safety. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1987)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, E.Y.: Barriers to access to health care among Latino immigrants in the United States: A quantitative study, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., Kang, C.: TV Station Owners Rush to Seize on Looser Rules, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunications in Mathematics and Statistics
AbbreviationCommun. Math. Stat.
ISSN (print)2194-6701
ISSN (online)2194-671X
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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