How to format your references using the Communications in Mathematics and Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Communications in Mathematics and Statistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huang, L.E.: Biochemistry. How HIF-1α handles stress. Science. 339, 1285–1286 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Berkman, P.A., Young, O.R.: Science and government. Governance and environmental change in the Arctic Ocean. Science. 324, 339–340 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Halberda, J., Mazzocco, M.M.M., Feigenson, L.: Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement. Nature. 455, 665–668 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Widmer, C., Lippert, C., Weissbrod, O., Fusi, N., Kadie, C., Davidson, R., Listgarten, J., Heckerman, D.: Further improvements to linear mixed models for genome-wide association studies. Sci. Rep. 4, 6874 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goshtasby, A.A.: Theory and Applications of Image Registration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2017)
An edited book
Wang, Y., Zhang, D., Kinsner, W. eds: Advances in Cognitive Informatics and Cognitive Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Brion, M.: On Automorphisms and Endomorphisms of Projective Varieties. In: Cheltsov, I., Ciliberto, C., Flenner, H., McKernan, J., Prokhorov, Y.G., and Zaidenberg, M. (eds.) Automorphisms in Birational and Affine Geometry: Levico Terme, Italy, October 2012. pp. 59–81. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Communications in Mathematics and Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Why More Scientists Are Needed In The Public Square,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Superfund: EPA Needs to Better Focus Cleanup Technology Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Childers, J.W.: Evaluating parental opinions of healthy snack guidelines for youth soccer, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Already Loaded With Talent, Cubs May Get a Slugger Back From an Injury, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunications in Mathematics and Statistics
AbbreviationCommun. Math. Stat.
ISSN (print)2194-6701
ISSN (online)2194-671X
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

Other styles