How to format your references using the Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dalton R (2000) Astronomers fight to save telescope. Nature 406:8
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Siders CW, Cavalleri A (2003) Materials science. Creating transient crystal structures with light. Science 300:591–592
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Barnham KW, Nelson J, Stevens RA (2000) Did civil reactors supply plutonium for weapons? Nature 407:833–834
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Davies TP, Fry HM, Wilson AG, Bishop SR (2013) A mathematical model of the London riots and their policing. Sci Rep 3:1303

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Henriksen RN (2010) Practical Relativity. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
McMillan KL, Rival X (2014) Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 15th International Conference, VMCAI 2014, San Diego, CA, USA, January 19-21, 2014, Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Riviello D, Benco S, Crespi FL, et al (2014) Spectrum Sensing Algorithms for Cognitive TV White-Spaces Systems. In: Di Benedetto M-G, Bader F (eds) Cognitive Communication and Cooperative HetNet Coexistence: Selected Advances on Spectrum Sensing, Learning, and Security Approaches. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 71–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Scientists at Work as Philae Lands: From Rosetta Mission Control. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/scientists-work-philae-lands-rosetta-mission-control/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1989) Guaranteed Student Loans: Comparisons of Single State and Multistate Guaranty Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Safarian Bahri P (2017) Erosion Rate Prediction Model for Levee-Floodwall Overtopping Applications in Fine-Grained Soils. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO (2015) Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of the New York Times. New York Times C36

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProbiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
AbbreviationProbiotics Antimicrob. Proteins
ISSN (print)1867-1306
ISSN (online)1867-1314
ScopeMolecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Microbiology

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