How to format your references using the Pratiques psychologiques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pratiques psychologiques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garner, E. C. (2008). GE Prize essay. Understanding a minimal DNA-segregating machine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5907), 1486–1487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szalay, A., & Gray, J. (2001). The world-wide telescope. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2037–2040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Desai, T. J., Brownfield, D. G., & Krasnow, M. A. (2014). Alveolar progenitor and stem cells in lung development, renewal and cancer. Nature, 507(7491), 190–194.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bikard, D., Patel, D., Le Metté, C., Giorgi, V., Camilleri, C., Bennett, M. J., & Loudet, O. (2009). Divergent evolution of duplicate genes leads to genetic incompatibilities within A. thaliana. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5914), 623–626.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoschette, J. A. (2010). The Engineer’s Career Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Feldman, L. S., Delaney, C. P., Ljungqvist, O., & Carli, F. (Eds.). (2015). The SAGES / ERAS® Society Manual of Enhanced Recovery Programs for Gastrointestinal Surgery (1st ed. 2015). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Torri, M. C., & Herrmann, T. M. (2011). Ethnomedicine, Capacity Development, and Innovation System Through GMCL. In T. M. Herrmann (Ed.), Bridges Between Tradition and Innovation in Ethnomedicine: Fostering Local Development Through Community-Based Enterprises in India (pp. 121–143). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pratiques psychologiques.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 8). Quantum Dots Can Charge Your Smartphone In 30 Seconds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). School Safety: Promising Initiatives for Addressing School Violence (HEHS-95-106). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gray, J. L. (2014). Overcoming the threat of racial stereotyping in the workplace [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2010, December 23). In Town That Stopped Checks, A Warning on Public Pensions. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garner, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Garner, 2008; Szalay & Gray, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szalay & Gray, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Desai et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bikard et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePratiques psychologiques
ISSN (print)1269-1763
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles