How to format your references using the Pratiques psychologiques citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pratiques psychologiques. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sutherland, W. J. (2013). Review by quality not quantity for better policy. Nature, 503(7475), 167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaudioso, J., & Salerno, R. M. (2004). Science and government. Biosecurity and research: minimizing adverse impacts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5671), 687.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heeney, J. L., Dalgleish, A. G., & Weiss, R. A. (2006). Origins of HIV and the evolution of resistance to AIDS. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5786), 462–466.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Summerfield, C., Egner, T., Greene, M., Koechlin, E., Mangels, J., & Hirsch, J. (2006). Predictive codes for forthcoming perception in the frontal cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5803), 1311–1314.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, J., Gaare, M., Holguín, J., Bailey, N., & Pratley, T. (2016). Professional Clojure. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Scatena, R., Bottoni, P., & Giardina, B. (Eds.). (2012). Advances in Mitochondrial Medicine (Vol. 942). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lu, J., Xu, T., Xue, Q., & Beake, B. D. (2005). Nanoindentation, Nanoscratch and Nanoimpact Testing of Silicon-Based Materials with Nanostructured Surfaces. In R. C. Bradt, D. Munz, M. Sakai, & K. W. White (Eds.), Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics: Active Materials, Nanoscale Materials, Composites, Glass and Fundamentals (pp. 43–56). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pratiques psychologiques.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, April 8). Confirmation of Human Neanderthal Interbreeding. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). NASA Performance Awards (B-196181). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carolina, D. S. (2009). A qualitative study of the healthcare experiences and health information acquisition of African American men [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Urbina, I. (2016, November 24). Rising Seas Turn Coastal Houses Into a Gamble. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sutherland, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gaudioso & Salerno, 2004; Sutherland, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaudioso & Salerno, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Heeney et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Summerfield et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePratiques psychologiques
ISSN (print)1269-1763
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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