How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrology X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrology X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bard, E., 2001. Paleoclimate. Extending the calibrated radiocarbon record. Science 292, 2443–2444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Swinnen, J., Squicciarini, P., 2012. Global food supply. Mixed messages on prices and food security. Science 335, 405–406.
A journal article with 3 authors
Unal, E., Heidinger-Pauli, J.M., Koshland, D., 2007. DNA double-strand breaks trigger genome-wide sister-chromatid cohesion through Eco1 (Ctf7). Science 317, 245–248.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, Y., Li, Y.-L., Zhou, G.-T., Li, H., Lin, Y.-T., Xiao, X., Wang, F.-P., 2014. Biomineralization mediated by anaerobic methane-consuming cell consortia. Sci. Rep. 4, 5696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davison, M., 2011. Pharmaceutical Anti-Counterfeiting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Veiga, L.B. da, 2014. The Mimetic Finite Difference Method for Elliptic Problems, MS&A - Modeling, Simulation and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Roebben, B., 2015. How Much and Which Theology in Religious Education? On the Intimate Place of Theology in the Public Space of the School, in: Buchanan, M.T., Gellel, A.-M. (Eds.), Global Perspectives on Catholic Religious Education in Schools. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrology X.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Time To Take A Sick Day: Working When Ill Is Bad For You – And Your Company [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Forest Service Research and Development: Improvements in Delivery of Research Results Can Help Ensure That Benefits of Research Are Realized (No. GAO-11-12). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verkaik, P., 2010. Enhancing networking protocols in widely deployed devices (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Cespedes Displays Healthy Swing in Return, but Legs Are Rarely Tested. New York Times SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bard, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bard, 2001; Swinnen and Squicciarini, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Swinnen and Squicciarini, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrology X
ISSN (print)2589-9155

Other styles