How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrology X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrology X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huber, J.A., 2015. MICROBIAL ECOLOGY. Making methane down deep. Science 349, 376–377.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahn, J., Brook, E.J., 2008. Atmospheric CO2 and climate on millennial time scales during the last glacial period. Science 322, 83–85.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pellizzoni, L., Yong, J., Dreyfuss, G., 2002. Essential role for the SMN complex in the specificity of snRNP assembly. Science 298, 1775–1779.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barletta, V.R., Bevis, M., Smith, B.E., Wilson, T., Brown, A., Bordoni, A., Willis, M., Khan, S.A., Rovira-Navarro, M., Dalziel, I., Smalley, R., Jr, Kendrick, E., Konfal, S., Caccamise, D.J., 2nd, Aster, R.C., Nyblade, A., Wiens, D.A., 2018. Observed rapid bedrock uplift in Amundsen Sea Embayment promotes ice-sheet stability. Science 360, 1335–1339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Girling, P., 2013. Operational Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wang, X., Quinn, P.J. (Eds.), 2010. Endotoxins: Structure, Function and Recognition, Subcellular Biochemistry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerbush, M., Lewko, A., O’Neill, A., Waters, B., 2012. Dual Form Signatures: An Approach for Proving Security from Static Assumptions, in: Wang, X., Sako, K. (Eds.), Advances in Cryptology – ASIACRYPT 2012: 18th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Beijing, China, December 2-6, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrology X.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. NASA Releases Stunning New Photos Of Mysterious Bright Spots On Ceres [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. How Funds Granted to the Eisenhower College and the Rayburn Library Were Spent (No. GGD-77-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boylan, M., 2010. Acute physiological resonses to yoga activity in a hot environment (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2016. Giving Up Almost Everything to Care for His Wife? ‘I See It as a Pleasure.’ New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huber, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ahn and Brook, 2008; Huber, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ahn and Brook, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Barletta et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrology X
ISSN (print)2589-9155

Other styles