How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrology X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrology X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Becker, B.J., 2003. Perceptions of science. Celestial spectroscopy: making reality fit the myth. Science 301, 1332–1333.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelley, K.A., Cottrell, E., 2009. Water and the oxidation state of subduction zone magmas. Science 325, 605–607.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alboussière, T., Deguen, R., Melzani, M., 2010. Melting-induced stratification above the Earth’s inner core due to convective translation. Nature 466, 744–747.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Q., Stelzer, A.C., Fisher, C.K., Al-Hashimi, H.M., 2007. Visualizing spatially correlated dynamics that directs RNA conformational transitions. Nature 450, 1263–1267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Al-Malah, K.I.M., 2016. Aspen Plus®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sarbo, J.J., 2011. Knowledge in Formation: A Computational Theory of Interpretation, Cognitive Technologies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Alves-Prado, H.F., Gomes, E., Da Silva, R., 2007. Purification and Characterization of a Cyclomaltodextrin Glucanotransferase From Paenibacillus campinasensis Strain H69-3, in: Mielenz, J.R., Klasson, K.T., Adney, W.S., McMillan, J.D. (Eds.), Applied Biochemistry and Biotecnology: The Twenty-Eighth Symposium Proceedings of the Twenty-Eight Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Held April 30–May 3, 2006, in Nashville, Tennessee. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrology X.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Mexican Volcano Puts On Breathtaking Lightning Show [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Telecommunications: Preliminary Observations about Consumer Satisfaction and Problems with Wireless Phone Service and FCC’s Efforts to Assist Consumers with Complaints (No. GAO-09-800T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
George, K.G., 2017. Revisiting “The Blue Line Blues”: Transit-Oriented Development in Inner-City Areas of Los Angeles County, 2000-2016 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Football Coaches Find Stress And Satisfaction. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Becker, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Becker, 2003; Kelley and Cottrell, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kelley and Cottrell, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrology X
ISSN (print)2589-9155

Other styles