How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrology X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrology X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L., 2006. Protein purification: cell or cell-free? Nature 439, 1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turi, L., Madarász, A., 2011. Comment on “Does the hydrated electron occupy a cavity?” Science 331, 1387; author reply 1387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Belevich, I., Verkhovsky, M.I., Wikström, M., 2006. Proton-coupled electron transfer drives the proton pump of cytochrome c oxidase. Nature 440, 829–832.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hynninen, T., Cabailh, G., Foster, A.S., Barth, C., 2013. Defect mediated manipulation of nanoclusters on an insulator. Sci. Rep. 3, 1270.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lad, B.K., Shrivastava, D., Kulkarni, M.S., 2016. Machine Tool Reliability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bourland, C.T., 2010. The Astronaut’s Cookbook: Tales, Recipes, and More. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Fermon, C., Ott, F., Menelle, A., 2009. Neutron Reflectometry, in: Daillant, J., Gibaud, A. (Eds.), X-Ray and Neutron Reflectivity: Principles and Applications, Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 183–234.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrology X.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Psychologist Writes Book That He Claims Will Send Children To Sleep In Minutes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. Problems Affecting Operations at the St. Louis Postal Data Center (No. B-180235). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kino, M.Y., 2015. My Concierge MD, Inc. a business plan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, G., 2015. Obama’s Bad Economic Ideas. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bonetta, 2006; Turi and Madarász, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turi and Madarász, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hynninen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrology X
ISSN (print)2589-9155

Other styles