How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrology X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrology X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fitzsimmons, A., 2006. Planetary science. Ice among the rocks. Science 312, 535–536.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bentley, W.E., Payne, G.F., 2013. Materials science. Nature’s other self-assemblers. Science 341, 136–137.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vergassola, M., Villermaux, E., Shraiman, B.I., 2007. “Infotaxis” as a strategy for searching without gradients. Nature 445, 406–409.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pillow, J.W., Shlens, J., Paninski, L., Sher, A., Litke, A.M., Chichilnisky, E.J., Simoncelli, E.P., 2008. Spatio-temporal correlations and visual signalling in a complete neuronal population. Nature 454, 995–999.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisgaard, S., Kulahci, M., 2011. Time Series Analysis and Forecasting by Example: Bisgaard/Time Series by Example, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Frigessi, A., Bühlmann, P., Glad, I.K., Langaas, M., Richardson, S., Vannucci, M. (Eds.), 2016. Statistical Analysis for High-Dimensional Data: The Abel Symposium 2014, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Abel Symposia. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hamidzadeh, H.R., Jazar, R.N., 2010. Vibration of Multi-Layer thick cylinders, in: Jazar, R.N. (Ed.), Vibrations of Thick Cylindrical Structures. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 79–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrology X.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Geographic Tongue: The Mysterious Condition That Makes Maps In Your Mouth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Controls Are Needed Over Indian Self-Determination Contracts, Grants, and Training and Technical Assistance Activities To Insure Required Services Are Provided to Indians (No. CED-78-44). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bell, K.D., 2010. Fatherhood connected: A curriculum development project for adolescent fathers in the juvenile justice system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2009. La Dolce Video. New York Times CY1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fitzsimmons, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bentley and Payne, 2013; Fitzsimmons, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bentley and Payne, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pillow et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrology X
ISSN (print)2589-9155

Other styles