How to format your references using the Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Westervelt RM. Applied physics. Graphene nanoelectronics. Science. 2008 Apr 18;320(5874):324–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Peng L, Mortensen NA. Plasmonic-cavity model for radiating nano-rod antennas. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan 23;4:3825.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Redford KH, Jensen DB, Breheny JJ. Ecology. Integrating the captive and the wild. Science. 2012 Nov 30;338(6111):1157–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gardner TS, di Bernardo D, Lorenz D, Collins JJ. Inferring genetic networks and identifying compound mode of action via expression profiling. Science. 2003 Jul 4;301(5629):102–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bonneau D, Fatu A, Souchet D. Mixed Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Rooney PR, Gasperini A, editors. Media and Print Culture Consumption in Nineteenth-Century Britain: The Victorian Reading Experience. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. XIII, 241 p. 4 illus. in color. (New Directions in Book History).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yamamoto N, Takemoto M, Hattori Y, Hanamura K. Molecular Basis for the Formation of Lamina-Specific Thalamocortical Projection. In: Erzurumlu R, Guido W, Molnár Z, editors. Development and Plasticity in Sensory Thalamus and Cortex. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. p. 79–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. A Mother Monkey Appears To Wail And Cradle Its Collapsed Child [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/a-mother-monkey-appears-to-wail-and-cradle-its-collapsed-child/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Highway Infrastructure: Preliminary Information on the Timely Completion of Highway Construction Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Sep. Report No.: GAO-02-1067T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kyriacou A. A method of verification of the total treatment time for the APBI (Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation) devices: Contura Multilumen Balloon and SAVI applicator [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. For Now, and Possibly This Year, Talk of a Vacancy on the Court Appears to Be Mere Talk. New York Times. 2005 Oct 28;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
AbbreviationBiomed. Imaging Interv. J.
ISSN (online)1823-5530
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles