How to format your references using the Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lazcano A. Global voices of science. Teaching evolution in Mexico: preaching to the choir. Science. 2005 Nov 4;310(5749):787–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hardy J, Selkoe DJ. The amyloid hypothesis of Alzheimer’s disease: progress and problems on the road to therapeutics. Science. 2002 Jul 19;297(5580):353–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rudolph ML, Lekić V, Lithgow-Bertelloni C. Viscosity jump in Earth’s mid-mantle. Science. 2015 Dec 11;350(6266):1349–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Moberg A, Sonechkin DM, Holmgren K, Datsenko NM, Karlén W, Lauritzen S-E. Highly variable Northern Hemisphere temperatures reconstructed from low- and high-resolution proxy data. Nature. 2005 Feb 10;433(7026):613–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Callard F, Sartorius N, Arboleda-Flórez J, Bartlett P, Helmchen H, Stuart H, et al. Mental Illness, Discrimination and the Law. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Kapur S, Erşahin S, editors. Soil Security for Ecosystem Management: Mediterranean Soil Ecosystems 1. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XII, 167 p. 57 illus., 37 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace; vol. 8).
A chapter in an edited book
Grasso G, Iiritano S, Leone N, Lio V, Ricca F, Scalise F. An ASP-Based System for Team-Building in the Gioia-Tauro Seaport. In: Carro M, Peña R, editors. Practical Aspects of Declarative Languages: 12th International Symposium, PADL 2010, Madrid, Spain, January 18-19, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 40–2. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal.

Blog post
Luntz S. Volcanic Popcorn To Keep Houses Warm [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of the Cardozo High School Band Summer Employment Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Feb. Report No.: GGD-77-16.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hidalgo F. Light of Hope Recuperative Care Center, LLC: A Business Plan [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L. Anarchy? No, It’s Art. New York Times. 2008 Dec 7;ST4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
AbbreviationBiomed. Imaging Interv. J.
ISSN (online)1823-5530
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles