How to format your references using the Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. G8 climate target questioned. Nature. 2009 Jul 16;460(7253):313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen WP, Brudzinski MR. Evidence for a large-scale remnant of subducted lithosphere beneath Fiji. Science. 2001 Jun 29;292(5526):2475–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang Z, Xu B, Zhou H-J. Social cycling and conditional responses in the Rock-Paper-Scissors game. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 25;4:5830.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Suzuki S, Shuto T, Sato T, Kaneko M, Takada T, Suico MA, et al. Inhibition of post-translational N-glycosylation by HRD1 that controls the fate of ABCG5/8 transporter. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 3;4:4258.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mallée R, Fuchs W, Eligehausen R. Design of Fastenings for Use in Concrete - the CEN/TS 1992-4 Provisions. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
Fels E, Kremer J-F, Kronenberg K, editors. Power in the 21st Century: International Security and International Political Economy in a Changing World. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XVIII, 322 p. (Global Power Shift, Comparative Analysis and Perspectives).
A chapter in an edited book
Chen Y, Rui Y. Real Time Object Tracking in Video Sequences. In: Hammoud RI, editor. Interactive Video: Algorithms and Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 67–88. (Signals and Communication Technology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal.

Blog post
Fang J. How Beefsteak Tomatoes Became So Supersized [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: Changing Requirements, Technical Issues, and Looming Data Gaps Require Focused Attention. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jun. Report No.: GAO-12-604.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins MM. Clinical decision-making and pediatric bipolar disorder [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. DJ Khaled Spends A 2nd Week on Top. New York Times. 2017 Jul 10;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
AbbreviationBiomed. Imaging Interv. J.
ISSN (online)1823-5530
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles