How to format your references using the Polymers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tammaro, P. Journal Club. A Physiologist Notes the Similarities between Animal and Plant Electricity. Nature 2009, 458, 11.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xie, J.; Black, D.L. A CaMK IV Responsive RNA Element Mediates Depolarization-Induced Alternative Splicing of Ion Channels. Nature 2001, 410, 936–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agathon, A.; Thisse, C.; Thisse, B. The Molecular Nature of the Zebrafish Tail Organizer. Nature 2003, 424, 448–452.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zuber, J.; Shi, J.; Wang, E.; Rappaport, A.R.; Herrmann, H.; Sison, E.A.; Magoon, D.; Qi, J.; Blatt, K.; Wunderlich, M.; et al. RNAi Screen Identifies Brd4 as a Therapeutic Target in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia. Nature 2011, 478, 524–528.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa, P.J. Applied Mathematics for the Analysis of Biomedical Data; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2017; ISBN 9781119269540.
An edited book
ADHD in Adults: A Practical Guide to Evaluation and Management; Surman, C.B.H., Ed.; Current Clinical Psychiatry; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2013; ISBN 9781627032476.
A chapter in an edited book
Ursani, A.A.; Kpalma, K.; Ronsin, J.; Memon, A.A.; Chowdhry, B.S. Improved Texture Description with Features Based on Fourier Transform. In Wireless Networks, Information Processing and Systems: International Multi Topic Conference, IMTIC 2008 Jamshoro, Pakistan, April 11-12, 2008 Revised Selected Papers; Hussain, D.M.A., Rajput, A.Q.K., Chowdhry, B.S., Gee, Q., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 19–28 ISBN 9783540898528.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymers.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. Before And After Photos Of Volcanic Eruption In Chile Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Electronic Surveillance; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, Y.M. Federal Managers’ Use of Evidence (Performance Measurement Data and Evaluation Results): Are We There Yet? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. ‘Game of Thrones’ Spinoffs From HBO. New York Times 2017, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymers
AbbreviationPolymers (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4360

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