How to format your references using the Polymers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer, A. George C. Williams (1926-2010). Nature 2010, 467, 790.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, D.L.; Natland, J.H. Evidence for mantle plumes? Nature 2007, 450, E15; discussion E16.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonsall, M.B.; Jansen, V.A.A.; Hassell, M.P. Life history trade-offs assemble ecological guilds. Science 2004, 306, 111–114.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rubin, K.H.; van der Zander, I.; Smith, M.C.; Bergmanis, E.C. Minimum speed limit for ocean ridge magmatism from 210Pb-226Ra-230Th disequilibria. Nature 2005, 437, 534–538.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schrör, K. Acetylsalicylic Acid; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2016; ISBN 9783527685059.
An edited book
Ghatak, K.P. Debye Screening Length: Effects of Nanostructured Materials; Bhattacharya, S., Ed.; Springer Tracts in Modern Physics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 255; ISBN 9783319013381.
A chapter in an edited book
dell’Isola, F.; Andreaus, U.; Placidi, L. A Still Topical Contribution of Gabrio Piola to Continuum Mechanics: The Creation of Peri-dynamics, Non-local and Higher Gradient Continuum Mechanics. In The complete works of Gabrio Piola: Volume I: Commented English Translation; dell’Isola, F., Maier, G., Perego, U., Andreaus, U., Esposito, R., Forest, S., Eds.; Advanced Structured Materials; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 696–750 ISBN 9783319002620.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymers.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Rise And Shine! New Horizons Awakes Ahead Of A Date With Pluto (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Space Shuttle: Issues Associated With the Vandenberg Launch Site; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1986;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres, N. Do family nurse practitioner students understand the physiological changes associated with andropause in men over forty? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, S. Efrem Zimbalist Jr., Actor of Authority, Dies at 95. New York Times 2014, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymers
AbbreviationPolymers (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4360

Other styles