How to format your references using the Polymers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watanabe, M. Small world, big hopes. Nature 2003, 426, 478–479.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prindle, A.; Hasty, J. Biochemistry. Stochastic emergence of groupthink. Science 2010, 328, 987–988.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dhara, S.; Mele, E.J.; Agarwal, R. APPLIED OPTICS. Voltage-tunable circular photogalvanic effect in silicon nanowires. Science 2015, 349, 726–729.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, S.F.; Du, C.W.; Yang, P.; Zhang, H.W.; Kwan, M.; Zhang, G.J. The molecular and clinicopathologic characteristics of bilateral breast cancer. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2590.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flynn, M.J.; Luk, W. Computer System Design; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118009925.
An edited book
Forest BioEnergy Production: Management, Carbon sequestration and Adaptation; Kellomäki, S., Kilpeläinen, A., Alam, A., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; ISBN 9781461483908.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, J.; Yin, X.; Lan, H. Improved Carrier Frequency Estimation Based on Autocorrelation. In Advances in Computer, Communication, Control and Automation; Wu, Y., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 23–29 ISBN 9783642255403.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymers.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Evidence Found Of Giant Asteroid Impact in Australia 3 Billion Years ago Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office El Salvador: Pipeline of U.S. Aid as of August 1990; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary, M. Home Range and Habitat Use of Juvenile Green Turtles in a Shallow Tidal Environment. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University: Boca Raton, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B.; Baker, A.L.; Southall, A. Attempted Murder Charge in Bronx Shooting of Boy on His 5th Birthday. New York Times 2017, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymers
AbbreviationPolymers (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4360

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