How to format your references using the Polymer Testing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Testing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Petherick, Campaigning for Chagas disease, Nature. 465 (2010) S21-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.A. Wulder, N.C. Coops, Satellites: Make Earth observations open access, Nature. 513 (2014) 30–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
N.X. Tritsch, J.B. Ding, B.L. Sabatini, Dopaminergic neurons inhibit striatal output through non-canonical release of GABA, Nature. 490 (2012) 262–266.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Fagarasan, M. Muramatsu, K. Suzuki, H. Nagaoka, H. Hiai, T. Honjo, Critical roles of activation-induced cytidine deaminase in the homeostasis of gut flora, Science. 298 (2002) 1424–1427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L.S. da Silva, R. Simões, H. Gervásio, Design of Steel Structures, Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany, 2012.
An edited book
D. Philipov, A.C. Liefbroer, J.E. Klobas, eds., Reproductive Decision-Making in a Macro-Micro Perspective, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
J.P. Gauyacq, A.G. Borisov, Dynamics of Resonant Electron Transfer in the Interaction Between an Atom and a Metallic Surface, in: D.A. Micha, I. Burghardt (Eds.), Quantum Dynamics of Complex Molecular Systems, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 87–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Testing.

Blog post
D. Andrew, The Threat To The World’s Largest Wild Animals Is Much Greater Than We Thought, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, DOD Overseas Schools: Additional Assurances of Educational Quality Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H.J. Hong, Acrolein Modification of Human Apolipoprotein A-I Impairs Binding to Phosphatidylglycerol and Lipopolysaccharide of Gram-Negative Bacteria, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Cooper, Come Hell or High Water, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Testing
AbbreviationPolym. Test.
ISSN (print)0142-9418
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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