How to format your references using the Polymer Testing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Testing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Dwek, Astronomy. The supernova origin of interstellar dust, Science. 313 (2006) 178–180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Katsir, A. Marmur, Rate of bubble coalescence following quasi-static approach: screening and neutralization of the electric double layer, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4266.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Bai, Q. Xu, Y. Qin, Vibration driven vehicle inspired from grass spike, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1851.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
U. Riebesell, I. Zondervan, B. Rost, P.D. Tortell, R.E. Zeebe, F.M. Morel, Reduced calcification of marine plankton in response to increased atmospheric CO2, Nature. 407 (2000) 364–367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T.R. Bielecki, D. Brigo, F. Patras, Credit Risk Frontiers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
W. Gao, ed., Graphene Oxide: Reduction Recipes, Spectroscopy, and Applications, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Krull, S. Lladó‐Maldonado, T. Lorenz, S. Demming, S. Büttgenbach, Microbioreactors, in: A. Dietzel (Ed.), Microsystems for Pharmatechnology: Manipulation of Fluids, Particles, Droplets, and Cells, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 99–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Testing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, India’s Tiger Population Is Up 30% Since 2010, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Food and Drug Administration: Effect of User Fees on Drug Approval Times, Withdrawals, and Other Agency Activities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.A. Borgman, Loneliness and the Hermitic Psyche, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Eligon, S. Cacciola, Player’s Protest Revives a Spirit of Activism From the Days of Ali, New York Times. (2016) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Testing
AbbreviationPolym. Test.
ISSN (print)0142-9418
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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