How to format your references using the Polymer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I.Z. Quadir, Education. Entrepreneurship training for the developing world, Science. 335 (2012) 1445–1446.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Karklin, M.S. Lewicki, Emergence of complex cell properties by learning to generalize in natural scenes, Nature. 457 (2009) 83–86.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.A. Beachy, S.S. Karhadkar, D.M. Berman, Tissue repair and stem cell renewal in carcinogenesis, Nature. 432 (2004) 324–331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Uhlén, A. Laestadius, T. Jahnukainen, T. Söderblom, F. Bäckhed, G. Celsi, H. Brismar, S. Normark, A. Aperia, A. Richter-Dahlfors, Alpha-haemolysin of uropathogenic E. coli induces Ca2+ oscillations in renal epithelial cells, Nature. 405 (2000) 694–697.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Kato, C.A. Handwerker, J. Bath, Mitigating Tin Whisker Risks, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
E. David, E. Gerding, D. Sarne, O. Shehory, eds., Agent-Mediated Electronic Commerce. Designing Trading Strategies and Mechanisms for Electronic Markets: AAMAS Workshop, AMEC 2009, Budapest, Hungary, May 12, 2009, and IJCAI Workshop, TADA 2009, Pasadena, CA, USA, July 13, 2009, Selected and Revised Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
C.M. Peterson, C.O. Menias, C.L. Siegel, Imaging of the Male Urethra, in: S.B. Brandes (Ed.), Urethral Reconstructive Surgery, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2008: pp. 29–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer.

Blog post
K. Evans, New Guidelines Advise Giving Peanuts To Babies Early To Prevent Allergies, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, U.S. Trade and Development Agency: Limitations Exist in Its Ability to Help Generate U.S. Exports, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Rutherford, What is old is new again: The role of discontinuity in nostalgia-related consumption, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. Cyran, G. Hay, New Ventures Win Old Financiers, New York Times. (2010) B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer
AbbreviationPolymer (Guildf.)
ISSN (print)0032-3861
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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