How to format your references using the Polymer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Pitching ideas, Nature. 427 (2004) 759.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Seeber, J.G. Armbruster, Earthquakes as beacons of stress change, Nature. 407 (2000) 69–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Reimand, O. Wagih, G.D. Bader, The mutational landscape of phosphorylation signaling in cancer, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B.B. Blinov, D.L. Moehring, L.-M. Duan, C. Monroe, Observation of entanglement between a single trapped atom and a single photon, Nature. 428 (2004) 153–157.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V.M. Lyatkher, Seismic Loads, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
P. Cappabianca, L.M. Cavallo, O. de Divitiis, F. Esposito, eds., Midline Skull Base Surgery, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Li, K. Pan, S.-Y.R. Li, Toward a Loss-Free Packet Transmission via Network Coding, in: Y. Qin (Ed.), Network Coding at Different Layers in Wireless Networks, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 95–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Half of Europe’s Electricity Could be Renewable by 2030, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Small Business Innovation Research: Change in Program Eligibility Has Had Little Impact, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Gobas, Affiliate users policy: Solution to multiple ball field users in the city of Artesia, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.R. Oestreich, Seeking Strength in Numbers, New York Times. (2017) C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer
AbbreviationPolymer (Guildf.)
ISSN (print)0032-3861
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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