How to format your references using the Polymer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Macilwain, University cuts show science is far from saved, Nature. 469 (2011) 133.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.J. Brett, M.M. Hawkeye, Materials science. New materials at a glance, Science. 319 (2008) 1192–1193.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Alby, D. Schaefer, R.J. Bennett, Homothallic and heterothallic mating in the opportunistic pathogen Candida albicans, Nature. 460 (2009) 890–893.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Ilani, A. Yacoby, D. Mahalu, H. Shtrikman, Microscopic structure of the metal-insulator transition in two dimensions, Science. 292 (2001) 1354–1357.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Müller, B. Ponick, Grundlagen elektrischer Maschinen, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
R.W. Matthews, Insect Behavior: 2nd Edition, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Harrabi, T. Louati, M. Lévesque, M. Maier, Testbed Design and Co-simulation of PEV Coordination Schemes Over Integrated Fiber-Wireless Smart Grid Communications Infrastructures, in: S. Rajakaruna, F. Shahnia, A. Ghosh (Eds.), Plug In Electric Vehicles in Smart Grids: Integration Techniques, Springer, Singapore, 2015: pp. 99–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer.

Blog post
K. Evans, Republicans Launch Attempt To Repeal Endangered Species Act, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Higher Education: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Trends and the Role of Federal Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Schloesser, Improving services for persons with developmental disabilities through the utilization of person-centered thinking: A grant-writing project, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
N. Silver, The Weatherman Is Not a Moron, New York Times. (2012) MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer
AbbreviationPolymer (Guildf.)
ISSN (print)0032-3861
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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