How to format your references using the Polymer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Bohannon, The Gonzo Scientist. Do scientists like green porno?, Science. 325 (2009) 1620.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.P. Machner, R.R. Isberg, A bifunctional bacterial protein links GDI displacement to Rab1 activation, Science. 318 (2007) 974–977.
A journal article with 3 authors
H.-J. Xue, W.-Z. Li, X.-K. Yang, Assortative mating between two sympatric closely-related specialists: inferred from molecular phylogenetic analysis and behavioral data, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5436.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Q. Yang, H. She, M. Gearing, E. Colla, M. Lee, J.J. Shacka, Z. Mao, Regulation of neuronal survival factor MEF2D by chaperone-mediated autophagy, Science. 323 (2009) 124–127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.B. Murphy, M.W. Davidson, Fundamentals of Light Microscopy and Electronic Imaging, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
C. Stippich, ed., Clinical Functional MRI: Presurgical Functional Neuroimaging, 2nd ed. 2015, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
E.J. Brändas, Some Biochemical Reflections on Information and Communication, in: M. Hotokka, E.J. Brändas, J. Maruani, G. Delgado-Barrio (Eds.), Advances in Quantum Methods and Applications in Chemistry, Physics, and Biology, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2013: pp. 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer.

Blog post
J. Fang, Newly Identified Sperm-Specific Protein Bolsters Prospects Of Male Contraceptive, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airport Financing: Projects Eligible for Federal Support That May Go Unfunded, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Mehlinger, Fault Lines, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, Few Voters Show Up to Elect Two Democrats, New York Times. (2007) LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer
AbbreviationPolymer (Guildf.)
ISSN (print)0032-3861
ScopeOrganic Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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