How to format your references using the Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.H. Malim, HIV: Ringside views, Nature. 505 (2014) 167–168.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.A. Hunt, T.J. Hassold, Sex matters in meiosis, Science. 296 (2002) 2181–2183.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Chookajorn, H.A. Murdoch, C.A. Schuh, Design of stable nanocrystalline alloys, Science. 337 (2012) 951–954.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E.C. Schirmer, L. Florens, T. Guan, J.R. Yates 3rd, L. Gerace, Nuclear membrane proteins with potential disease links found by subtractive proteomics, Science. 301 (2003) 1380–1382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Eylert, The Mobile Multimedia Business, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
R. Gorenflo, Mittag-Leffler Functions, Related Topics and Applications: Theory and Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Schilling, H. Cruse, The Evolution of Cognition — From First Order to Second Order Embodiment, in: I. Wachsmuth, G. Knoblich (Eds.), Modeling Communication with Robots and Virtual Humans: Second ZiF Research Group International Workshop on Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines, Bielefeld, Germany, April 5-8, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 77–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Villagers Attack Mother And Child Orangutan Fleeing From Wildfires, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Customs Service Modernization: Actions Initiated to Correct ACE Management and Technical Weaknesses, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.C. Grantham, Dual Eligibles’ Experience of Care in North Carolina’s Patient-Centered Medical Home, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, Film Series, New York Times. (2017) C23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology
AbbreviationClin. Trials Regul. Sci. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)2405-5875

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