How to format your references using the Polymer Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grott M (2008) Planetary science. Is Mars geodynamically dead? Science 320:1171–1172
A journal article with 2 authors
Losick R, Sonenshein AL (2001) Molecular biology. Turning gene regulation on its head. Science 293:2018–2019
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson JS, Rittle J, Peters JC (2013) Catalytic conversion of nitrogen to ammonia by an iron model complex. Nature 501:84–87
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang X-G, Siveter DJ, Waloszek D, Maas A (2007) An epipodite-bearing crown-group crustacean from the Lower Cambrian. Nature 449:595–598

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McKean J (2014) Customer’s New Voice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Simeonov L, Chirila E (2006) Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Vilain C (2007) Circular and Rectilinear Motion in the Mechanica and in the 16th Century. In: Laird WR, Roux S (eds) Mechanics and Natural Philosophy Before the Scientific Revolution. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 149–172

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Bulletin.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Spectacular Photograph Captures Bioluminescent Plankton And Aurora At The Same Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Federal Short Takeoff and Landing Transport Programs: Status and Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee MY-L (2009) The intellectual origins of Lin Yutang’s cultural internationalism, 1928–1938. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Mets’ Slide Drags On As a Lead Vanishes. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Bulletin
AbbreviationPolym. Bull. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0170-0839
ISSN (online)1436-2449
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles