How to format your references using the Polymer Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Bulletin (Polym. Bull.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greaves M (2014) Retrospective. Janet Rowley (1925-2013). Science 343:626
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood BJ, Halliday AN (2010) The lead isotopic age of the Earth can be explained by core formation alone. Nature 465:767–770
A journal article with 3 authors
van Dokkum PG, Kriek M, Franx M (2009) A high stellar velocity dispersion for a compact massive galaxy at redshift z = 2.186. Nature 460:717–719
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wheeler MJ, de Graaf BHJ, Hadjiosif N, et al (2009) Identification of the pollen self-incompatibility determinant in Papaver rhoeas. Nature 459:992–995

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weisberg HI (2014) Willful Ignorance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Androulidakis I (2016) Industrial Espionage and Technical Surveillance Counter Measurers, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Hommes C (2005) Heterogeneous Agent Models: two simple examples. In: Lines M (ed) Nonlinear Dynamical Systems in Economics. Springer, Vienna, pp 131–164

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Bulletin.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) From Poison To Legalization, Can The Rhino Poaching Crisis Ever Be Solved? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Bigeye Bomb: An Evaluation of DOD’s Chemical and Developmental Tests. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams CD (2013) Playing the Hungarian card: An assessment of radical right impact on Slovak and Hungarian party systems and post-Communist democratic stability. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) Man’s Murder Conviction Set Aside at D.A.’s Request. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 1].
This sentence cites four references [1, 1, 1, 1].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Bulletin
AbbreviationPolym. Bull. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0170-0839
ISSN (online)1436-2449
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles