How to format your references using the Polymer Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boehnke K (2015) Oh the humanities! Science 347:1166
A journal article with 2 authors
Vinnakota RK, Genov DA (2014) Terahertz optoelectronics with surface plasmon polariton diode. Sci Rep 4:4899
A journal article with 3 authors
Lai CSW, Franke TF, Gan W-B (2012) Opposite effects of fear conditioning and extinction on dendritic spine remodelling. Nature 483:87–91
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Antkowiak M, Torres-Mapa ML, Witts EC, et al (2013) Fast targeted gene transfection and optogenetic modification of single neurons using femtosecond laser irradiation. Sci Rep 3:3281

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider BD (2007) Energy Leadership. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Keshtgar M, Pigott K, Wenz F (2014) Targeted Intraoperative Radiotherapy in Oncology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bakker M (2013) Analytic Modeling of Transient Multilayer Flow. In: Mishra PK, Kuhlman KL (eds) Advances in Hydrogeology. Springer, New York, NY, pp 95–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Bulletin.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) This Is What Aliens Might Look Like If They Evolved On A Planet That Orbits A Red Dwarf Star. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) University Research: U.S. Reimbursement of Tuition Costs for University Employee Family Members. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson K (2015) Development of a facility-specific dietary training program for diet technicians. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2016) Feeding Nostalgia With a Remix. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Bulletin
AbbreviationPolym. Bull. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0170-0839
ISSN (online)1436-2449
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles