How to format your references using the Polymer Bulletin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polymer Bulletin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V (2005) High-energy career lines. Nature 434:936–937
A journal article with 2 authors
Brunnschweiler CN, Bulte EH (2008) Economics. Linking natural resources to slow growth and more conflict. Science 320:616–617
A journal article with 3 authors
Levis RJ, Menkir GM, Rabitz H (2001) Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses. Science 292:709–713
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Thon M, Hosoi T, Yoshii M, Ozawa K (2014) Leptin induced GRP78 expression through the PI3K-mTOR pathway in neuronal cells. Sci Rep 4:7096

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schiesser WE (2017) Spline Collocation Methods for Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chun HJ, Yang S-K, Choi M-G (2014) Clinical Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: A Comprehensive Atlas. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Zhong Y (2010) Gastric Cancer. In: Alaoui-Jamali M (ed) Alternative and Complementary Therapies for Cancer: Integrative Approaches and Discovery of Conventional Drugs. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 105–133

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polymer Bulletin.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Most People Consume More Calories From Alcohol Than Sugary Drinks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Air Traffic Control: Efforts to Expand the New York Terminal Area Automation System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sommer A (2017) How Experiences Influence and Inform School Principals’ Actions to Further Develop Teachers’ Instructional Practice. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR (2017) U.S. Plan for Afghanistan May Help, but Few Expect ‘Outright Victory.’ New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePolymer Bulletin
AbbreviationPolym. Bull. (Berl.)
ISSN (print)0170-0839
ISSN (online)1436-2449
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles