How to format your references using the Politikon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Politikon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, O. 2001. “Development. Nota Bene: A SAC of Crumbs and Stardust.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5551): 2498.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dioumaev, Vladimir K., and R. Morris Bullock. 2003. “A Recyclable Catalyst That Precipitates at the End of the Reaction.” Nature 424 (6948): 530–532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mottram, Donald S., Bronislaw L. Wedzicha, and Andrew T. Dodson. 2002. “Acrylamide Is Formed in the Maillard Reaction.” Nature 419 (6906): 448–449.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lopert, Anton, Matija Rijavec, Mateja Zavbi, Peter Korošec, and Matjaž Fležar. 2013. “Asthma Treatment Outcome in Adults Is Associated with Rs9910408 in TBX21 Gene.” Scientific Reports 3 (October): 2915.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase, Charles W., Jr. 2013. Demand-Driven Forecasting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Beijaard, Douwe, Paulien C. Meijer, Greta Morine-Dershimer, and Harm Tillema, eds. 2005. Teacher Professional Development in Changing Conditions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hajiesmaeili, Maryam, Bashir Bagherinakhjavanlo, Jamshid Dehmeshki, and Tim Ellis. 2012. “Segmentation of the Hippocampus for Detection of Alzheimer’s Disease.” In Advances in Visual Computing: 8th International Symposium, ISVC 2012, Rethymnon, Crete, Greece, July 16-18, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part I, edited by George Bebis, Richard Boyle, Bahram Parvin, Darko Koracin, Charless Fowlkes, Sen Wang, Min-Hyung Choi, et al., 42–50. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Politikon.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2017. “SpaceX Will Make History With Its Next Launch Tomorrow.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. NIH Biomedical Research Support Grant Program. HRD-81-42. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulido, Manuel D. 2017. “Self-Reported Emotional State as a Measure of Interpersonal Vulnerability.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2016. “N.F.L. Games Come to CBS App.” New York Times, December 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2001; Dioumaev and Bullock 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dioumaev and Bullock 2003)
  • Three authors: (Mottram, Wedzicha, and Dodson 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lopert et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolitikon
ISSN (print)0258-9346
ISSN (online)1470-1014
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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