How to format your references using the Politikon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Politikon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maren, Stephen. 2007. “Neuroscience. The Threatened Brain.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5841): 1043–1044.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maizels, Rick M., and Judith E. Allen. 2011. “Immunology. Eosinophils Forestall Obesity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6026): 186–187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nozaki, Tatsuo, Yasuhiro Kato, and Katsuhiko Suzuki. 2013. “Late Jurassic Ocean Anoxic Event: Evidence from Voluminous Sulphide Deposition and Preservation in the Panthalassa.” Scientific Reports 3: 1889.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Farsalinos, Konstantinos E., Alketa Spyrou, Kalliroi Tsimopoulou, Christos Stefopoulos, Giorgio Romagna, and Vassilis Voudris. 2014. “Nicotine Absorption from Electronic Cigarette Use: Comparison between First and New-Generation Devices.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4133.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gable, Judy, and Tamara Herrmann. 2016. Counselling Skills for Dietitians. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cheng, Jeffrey, and John P. Bent, eds. 2016. Endoscopic Atlas of Pediatric Otolaryngology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Khan, Qamar J. A., Lakdere Benkherouf, and Nejib Smaoui. 2008. “Stability and Optimal Harvesting in a Stage Structure Predator-Prey Switching Strategy.” In Aspects of Mathematical Modelling: Applications in Science, Medicine, Economics and Management, edited by Roger J. Hosking and Ezio Venturino, 65–80. Mathematics and Biosciences in Interaction. Basel: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Politikon.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2015. “Watch Two Guys Fly Their JETPACKS Alongside A Plane.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. Proprietary School Compliance With Requirements of the Pell Grant Program. 127542. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Becker, Liza A. 2010. “Noncredit to Credit Transitions: The Role of Cultural Capital and Habitus for Adult Immigrant Learners in the Community College.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “‘Jersey’ Seems to Be the Word.” New York Times, August 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maren 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Maren 2007; Maizels and Allen 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maizels and Allen 2011)
  • Three authors: (Nozaki, Kato, and Suzuki 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Farsalinos et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolitikon
ISSN (print)0258-9346
ISSN (online)1470-1014
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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