How to format your references using the Politikon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Politikon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Salo, Heikki. 2011. “Astronomy. Twisted Disks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6030): 672–673.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubchenco, Jane, and Nancy Sutley. 2010. “Science Policy. Proposed U.S. Policy for Ocean, Coast, and Great Lakes Stewardship.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5985): 1485–1486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Torre, Renato, Paolo Bartolini, and Roberto Righini. 2004. “Structural Relaxation in Supercooled Water by Time-Resolved Spectroscopy.” Nature 428 (6980): 296–299.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chuang, Chih-Pin, Tao Yuan, Wojciech Dmowski, Gong-Yao Wang, Matt Freels, Peter K. Liaw, Ran Li, and Tao Zhang. 2013. “Fatigue-Induced Damage in Zr-Based Bulk Metallic Glasses.” Scientific Reports 3: 2578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dacey, John S., Lisa B. Fiore, and Steven Brion-Meisels. 2016. Your Child’s Social and Emotional Well-Being. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Popper, Arthur N. 2014. ASA S3/SC1.4 TR-2014 Sound Exposure Guidelines for Fishes and Sea Turtles: A Technical Report Prepared by ANSI-Accredited Standards Committee S3/SC1 and Registered with ANSI. Edited by Anthony D. Hawkins, Richard R. Fay, David A. Mann, Soraya Bartol, Thomas J. Carlson, Sheryl Coombs, William T. Ellison, et al. SpringerBriefs in Oceanography. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Holmstrup, Palle, and Claus H. Nielsen. 2016. “Linkage Between Periodontal Disease and Rheumatoid Arthritis.” In Oral Infections and General Health: From Molecule to Chairside, edited by Anne Marie Lynge Pedersen, 45–51. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Politikon.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Why More Scientists Are Needed In The Public Square.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. NASA ADP Systems: Information on the Automated Mission and Payload Tracking System. IMTEC-87-38FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Toosi, Farah. 2017. “Decision Analysis Techniques for Adult Learners: Application to Leadership.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, Susan. 2013. “Creative Answers for the Gift List.” New York Times, December 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Salo 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Salo 2011; Lubchenco and Sutley 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lubchenco and Sutley 2010)
  • Three authors: (Torre, Bartolini, and Righini 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chuang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolitikon
ISSN (print)0258-9346
ISSN (online)1470-1014
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles