How to format your references using the Politikon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Politikon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linke, Heiner. 2003. “Physics. Coherent Power Booster.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5608): 841–842.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, Yiguo, and John D. Hayes. 2013. “The Membrane-Topogenic Vectorial Behaviour of Nrf1 Controls Its Post-Translational Modification and Transactivation Activity.” Scientific Reports 3: 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deng, Hansong, Akos A. Gerencser, and Heinrich Jasper. 2015. “Signal Integration by Ca(2+) Regulates Intestinal Stem-Cell Activity.” Nature 528 (7581): 212–217.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Naik, A., O. Buu, M. D. LaHaye, A. D. Armour, A. A. Clerk, M. P. Blencowe, and K. C. Schwab. 2006. “Cooling a Nanomechanical Resonator with Quantum Back-Action.” Nature 443 (7108): 193–196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marage, Jean-Paul, and Yvon Mori. 2013. Sonar and Underwater Acoustics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Garg, Abhimanyu, ed. 2015. Dyslipidemias: Pathophysiology, Evaluation and Management. Contemporary Endocrinology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Schadendorf, Dirk, Corinna Kochs, and Elisabeth Livingstone. 2013. “Treatment of Primary Tumor and Locoregional Disease.” In Handbook of Cutaneous Melanoma: A Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment, edited by Corinna Kochs and Elisabeth Livingstone, 53–77. Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Politikon.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2013. “Von Kármán Vortex Streets.” IFLScience. IFLScience.ármán-vortex-streets/.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Demand Distribution Rolodex Card. 154061. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Theisen, Teresa D. 2008. “Improving the Collaboration Infrastructure of an Online Inter -Institutional Consortium.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2004. “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Demoted To ‘Not Free.’” New York Times, December 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Linke 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Linke 2003; Zhang and Hayes 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Hayes 2013)
  • Three authors: (Deng, Gerencser, and Jasper 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Naik et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolitikon
ISSN (print)0258-9346
ISSN (online)1470-1014
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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