How to format your references using the Politikon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Politikon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engheta, Nader. 2015. “OPTICS. 150 Years of Maxwell’s Equations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6244): 136–137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts, Richard G., and Barry W. Brook. 2010. “Paleontology. And Then There Were None?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5964): 420–422.
A journal article with 3 authors
Depège, Nathalie, Stéphane Bellafiore, and Jean-David Rochaix. 2003. “Role of Chloroplast Protein Kinase Stt7 in LHCII Phosphorylation and State Transition in Chlamydomonas.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5612): 1572–1575.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Olson, Valerie G., Carrie L. Heusner, Ross J. Bland, Matthew J. During, David Weinshenker, and Richard D. Palmiter. 2006. “Role of Noradrenergic Signaling by the Nucleus Tractus Solitarius in Mediating Opiate Reward.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5763): 1017–1020.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barrett-Lennard, Godfrey T. 2014. The Relationship Inventory. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chapman, Mark D., and Miriam Haar, eds. 2016. Pathways for Ecclesial Dialogue in the Twenty-First Century: Revisiting Ecumenical Method. Pathways for Ecumenical and Interreligious Dialogue. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Canetti, Ran, Yevgeniy Dodis, Rafael Pass, and Shabsi Walfish. 2007. “Universally Composable Security with Global Setup.” In Theory of Cryptography: 4th Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, February 21-24, 2007. Proceedings, edited by Salil P. Vadhan, 61–85. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Politikon.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2016. “World’s Largest Marine Protected Area Declared In Antarctica.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. NASA ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information. IMTEC-90-39FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woods, Roger Allen. 2017. “Missouri Legislator and Administrator Perceptions of Federal Government Involvement in Education.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. 2017. “O Slapstick Tragedy!” New York Times, March 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Engheta 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Engheta 2015; Roberts and Brook 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts and Brook 2010)
  • Three authors: (Depège, Bellafiore, and Rochaix 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Olson et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolitikon
ISSN (print)0258-9346
ISSN (online)1470-1014
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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