How to format your references using the Polish Journal of Applied Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polish Journal of Applied Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harris, D. N. (2011). Education. Value-added measures and the future of educational accountability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6044), 826–827.
A journal article with 2 authors
Savill, J., & Fadok, V. (2000). Corpse clearance defines the meaning of cell death. Nature, 407(6805), 784–788.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dahal, D., Liu, S., & Oeding, J. (2014). The carbon cycle and hurricanes in the United States between 1900 and 2011. Scientific Reports, 4, 5197.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Felis, T., Lohmann, G., Kuhnert, H., Lorenz, S. J., Scholz, D., Pätzold, J., Al-Rousan, S. A., & Al-Moghrabi, S. M. (2004). Increased seasonality in Middle East temperatures during the last interglacial period. Nature, 429(6988), 164–168.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy, D. J. (2006). Introduction to C++ for Financial Engineers. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Mc Kee, A., & Eraut, M. (Eds.). (2012). Learning Trajectories, Innovation and Identity for Professional Development (Vol. 7). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Reiner, M. (2008). Seeing Through Touch: The Role of Haptic Information in Visualization. In J. K. Gilbert, M. Reiner, & M. Nakhleh (Eds.), Visualization: Theory and Practice in Science Education (pp. 73–84). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polish Journal of Applied Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, April 1). Microbes Caused The Extinction Of 90% Of Species 250 Million Years Ago. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). National Aeronautical Facilities Program: Issues Related to Its Cost and Need (LCD-75-329). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulido, M. D. (2017). Self-Reported Emotional State as a Measure of Interpersonal Vulnerability [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, April 3). You’re a Bot? Rock On. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harris, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Harris, 2011; Savill & Fadok, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Savill & Fadok, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Dahal et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Felis et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolish Journal of Applied Psychology
ISSN (print)1642-1892

Other styles