How to format your references using the Polish Journal of Applied Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polish Journal of Applied Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brouns, S. J. J. (2012). Molecular biology. A Swiss army knife of immunity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6096), 808–809.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu, L.-Q., & Dickman, J. D. (2012). Neural correlates of a magnetic sense. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6084), 1054–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lower, S. K., Hochella, M. F., Jr, & Beveridge, T. J. (2001). Bacterial recognition of mineral surfaces: nanoscale interactions between Shewanella and alpha-FeOOH. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5520), 1360–1363.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
De Smedt, P., Van Meirvenne, M., Herremans, D., De Reu, J., Saey, T., Meerschman, E., … De Clercq, W. (2013). The 3-D reconstruction of medieval wetland reclamation through electromagnetic induction survey. Scientific Reports, 3, 1517.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A. (2012). Fracture Mechanics 1. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Karanasios, E. (2016). Autophagy at the Cell, Tissue and Organismal Level (N. T. Ktistakis, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bastmeijer, K., & Lamers, M. (2013). Reaching Consensus on Antarctic Tourism Regulation. In D. K. Müller, L. Lundmark, & R. H. Lemelin (Eds.), New Issues in Polar Tourism: Communities, Environments, Politics (pp. 67–85). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polish Journal of Applied Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 26). Awesome Teenage Innovations That Deserve Showcasing.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Financial Markets: Status of Computer Improvements at the New York Stock Exchange (No. IMTEC-88-35). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pantallion, A. S. (2015). A parallel comparison of views regarding student preparation for introductory college chemistry (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tappin, B., Van Der Leer, L., & Mckay, R. (2017, May 27). Your Opinion Is Set in Stone. New York Times, p. SR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brouns, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Brouns, 2012; Wu & Dickman, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu & Dickman, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Lower, Hochella, & Beveridge, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (De Smedt et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolish Journal of Applied Psychology
ISSN (print)1642-1892

Other styles