How to format your references using the Polish Journal of Applied Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polish Journal of Applied Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). Singapore: filling biopolis. Nature, 425(6959), 746–747.
A journal article with 2 authors
van der Zwaag, D., & Meijer, E. W. (2015). SELF-ORGANIZATION. Fueling connections between chemistry and biology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6252), 1056–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, R.-P., Chew, K.-H., & He, S. (2013). Dynamic control of collapse in a vortex Airy beam. Scientific Reports, 3, 1406.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schumacher, M. A., Miller, M. C., Grkovic, S., Brown, M. H., Skurray, R. A., & Brennan, R. G. (2001). Structural mechanisms of QacR induction and multidrug recognition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5549), 2158–2163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fickelscherer, R. J., & Chester, D. L. (2012). Optimal Automated Process Fault Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gigengack, F. (2015). Motion Correction in Thoracic Positron Emission Tomography (X. Jiang, M. Dawood, & K. P. Schäfers, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ukraintseva, S. V., Arbeev, K. G., Akushevich, I., Kulminski, A. M., Stallard, E., & Yashin, A. I. (2016). Factors That May Increase Vulnerability to Cancer and Longevity in Modern Human Populations. In E. Stallard & K. C. Land (Eds.), Biodemography of Aging: Determinants of Healthy Life Span and Longevity (pp. 113–141). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polish Journal of Applied Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 5). White Shark Populations Are Growing. Here’s Why That’s Good News. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Commercial Aviation: Bankruptcy and Pension Problems Are Symptoms of Underlying Structural Issues (GAO-05-945). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yildiz, S. (2015). Performance analysis of space-time trellis coded MIMO-OFDM systems [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017, May 4). Le Pen Shifts A Strategy: Feminizing The Far Right. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2003; van der Zwaag & Meijer, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van der Zwaag & Meijer, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Chen et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schumacher et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolish Journal of Applied Psychology
ISSN (print)1642-1892

Other styles