How to format your references using the Polish Journal of Applied Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polish Journal of Applied Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boesch, D. (2012). Deep-water drilling remains a risky business. Nature, 484(7394), 289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dziarmaga, J., & Zurek, W. H. (2014). Quench in the 1D Bose-Hubbard model: topological defects and excitations from the Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transition dynamics. Scientific Reports, 4, 5950.
A journal article with 3 authors
Contreras, M., Ceric, F., & Torrealba, F. (2007). Inactivation of the interoceptive insula disrupts drug craving and malaise induced by lithium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5850), 655–658.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Slanger, T. G., Cosby, P. C., Huestis, D. L., & Bida, T. A. (2001). Discovery of the atomic oxygen green line in the Venus night airglow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5503), 463–465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, M. A., & Kaplan, L. (2012). The Advanced Practice Registered Nurse as a Prescriber. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Burge, M. J., & Bowyer, K. W. (Eds.). (2013). Handbook of Iris Recognition. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Han, Y., & Saxena, S. (2013). Algorithms for Testing Length Four Permutations. In M. Fellows, X. Tan, & B. Zhu (Eds.), Frontiers in Algorithmics and Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Third Joint International Conference, FAW-AAIM 2013, Dalian, China, June 26-28, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 17–23). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polish Journal of Applied Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 28). We’ve Only Monitored A Fraction Of The Barrier Reef’s Species. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Information Technology: Library of Congress Needs to Implement Recommendations to Address Management Weaknesses (GAO-16-197T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, S. M. (2017). The Relationship Between Political Affiliation and Student Achievement in the Areas of Reading and Mathematics, with Respect to Black Students [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fink, S., Risen, J., & Savage, C. (2017, January 19). New Details of C.I.A. Torture, and a New Clash. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boesch, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Boesch, 2012; Dziarmaga & Zurek, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dziarmaga & Zurek, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Contreras et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Slanger et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolish Journal of Applied Psychology
ISSN (print)1642-1892

Other styles