How to format your references using the Polish Journal of Applied Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Polish Journal of Applied Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petherick, A. (2015). Science masterclass. Nature, 526(7574), S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegazy, A. N., & Powrie, F. (2015). MICROBIOME. Microbiota RORgulates intestinal suppressor T cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6251), 929–930.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schall, P., Weitz, D. A., & Spaepen, F. (2007). Structural rearrangements that govern flow in colloidal glasses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5858), 1895–1899.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Balakirev, F. F., Betts, J. B., Migliori, A., Ono, S., Ando, Y., & Boebinger, G. S. (2003). Signature of optimal doping in Hall-effect measurements on a high-temperature superconductor. Nature, 424(6951), 912–915.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, D. A., van de Waterbeemd, H., & Walker, D. K. (2006). Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism in Drug Design: SMITH: PHARMACOKINETICS AND METABOLISM IN DRUG DESIGN O-BK. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ruffert, M. (2011). The Global Administrative Law of Science (S. Steinecke, Ed.; Vol. 228). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen, V.-T., Vu, H., & Tran, T.-H. (2015). An Efficient Combination of RGB and Depth for Background Subtraction. In Q. A. Dang, X. H. Nguyen, H. B. Le, V. H. Nguyen, & V. N. Q. Bao (Eds.), Some Current Advanced Researches on Information and Computer Science in Vietnam: Post-proceedings of The First NAFOSTED Conference on Information and Computer Science (pp. 49–63). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Polish Journal of Applied Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 20). Dazzled By The Bright Southern Lights. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Balancing Flexibility and Accountability: Grant Program Design in Education and Other Areas (T-GGD/HEHS-98-94). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bottorff, E. A. (2011). The community college baccalaureate: A study of capital costs in Florida [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, June 21). For a New Mother, It’s a Quick Return to Work. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petherick, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hegazy & Powrie, 2015; Petherick, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegazy & Powrie, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Schall et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Balakirev et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolish Journal of Applied Psychology
ISSN (print)1642-1892

Other styles