How to format your references using the Policy and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Policy and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bargmann, C. I. (2006). Comparative chemosensation from receptors to ecology. Nature, 444(7117), 295–301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Volz, J., & Rauschenbeutel, A. (2013). Applied physics. Triggering an optical transistor with one photon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6147), 725–726.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tatano, Y., Shimizu, T., & Tomioka, H. (2014). Unique macrophages different from M1/M2 macrophages inhibit T cell mitogenesis while upregulating Th17 polarization. Scientific Reports, 4, 4146.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chandran, V., Fronzes, R., Duquerroy, S., Cronin, N., Navaza, J., & Waksman, G. (2009). Structure of the outer membrane complex of a type IV secretion system. Nature, 462(7276), 1011–1015.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair, R., & Regenstein, J. M. (2015). Genetic Modification and Food Quality. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Plewa, C., & Conduit, J. (Eds.). (2016). Making a Difference Through Marketing: A Quest for Diverse Perspectives. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Leo, A., Handjaras, G., Marino, H., Bianchi, M., Pietrini, P., & Ricciardi, E. (2016). The Motor Control of Hand Movements in the Human Brain: Toward the Definition of a Cortical Representation of Postural Synergies. In M. Bianchi & A. Moscatelli (Eds.), Human and Robot Hands: Sensorimotor Synergies to Bridge the Gap Between Neuroscience and Robotics (pp. 41–60). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Policy and Society.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 27). NASA Releases Amazing “Dark Spot” Image Of Jupiter As Juno Makes Fifth Flyby. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Information Technology: Immigration and Customs Enforcement Is Beginning to Address Infrastructure Modernization Program Weaknesses but Key Improvements Still Needed (GAO-06-823). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher, E. (2012). Suffering God [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, August 12). For Men, Sport’s Stigma Dampens Appeal. New York Times, SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bargmann, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bargmann, 2006; Volz & Rauschenbeutel, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Volz & Rauschenbeutel, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Tatano et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chandran et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolicy and Society
AbbreviationPolicy Soc.
ISSN (print)1449-4035
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations
Public Administration

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