How to format your references using the Policy and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Policy and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardin, L. S. (2008). Meetings that changed the world: Bellagio 1969: The green revolution. Nature, 455(7212), 470–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shaywitz, D., & Dansky, H. (2007). Found in translation. Nature, 446(7136), 700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Long, J. A., Trinajstic, K., & Johanson, Z. (2009). Devonian arthrodire embryos and the origin of internal fertilization in vertebrates. Nature, 457(7233), 1124–1127.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Staddon, P. L., Ramsey, C. B., Ostle, N., Ineson, P., & Fitter, A. H. (2003). Rapid turnover of hyphae of mycorrhizal fungi determined by AMS microanalysis of 14C. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5622), 1138–1140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dubuisson, S. (2015). Tracking with Particle Filter for High-Dimensional Observation and State Spaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lin, C. Y.-Y. (2014). National Intellectual Capital and the Financial Crisis in Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Switzerland (L. Edvinsson, J. Chen, & T. Beding, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yin, Y., Kaku, I., Tang, J., & Zhu, J. (2011). Genetic Algorithm-based Fuzzy Nonlinear Programming. In I. Kaku, J. Tang, & J. Zhu (Eds.), Data Mining: Concepts, Methods and Applications in Management and Engineering Design (pp. 55–86). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Policy and Society.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, November 24). Contraceptive Pill Acts As “Beer Goggles”, Making Unattractive Men Seem More Attractive. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). University Research: Controlling Inappropriate Access to Federally Funded Research Results (RCED-92-104). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsari, F. (2015). Training needs analysis for women in educational leadership in Saudi Arabia [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, December 7). Case of the Dwindling Docket Mystifies the Supreme Court. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardin, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hardin, 2008; Shaywitz & Dansky, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shaywitz & Dansky, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Long et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Staddon et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePolicy and Society
AbbreviationPolicy Soc.
ISSN (print)1449-4035
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations
Public Administration

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