How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown RH Jr (2008) Developmental biology. Neuron research leaps ahead. Science (New York, NY) 321, 1169–1170.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitaevskii L, Stringari S (2002) Ultracold matter. The quest for superfluidity in Fermi gases. Science (New York, NY) 298, 2144–2146.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hooper LV, Littman DR, Macpherson AJ (2012) Interactions between the microbiota and the immune system. Science (New York, NY) 336, 1268–1273.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brollo MEF, López-Ruiz R, Muraca D, Figueroa SJA, Pirota KR, Knobel M (2014) Compact Ag@Fe3O4 core-shell nanoparticles by means of single-step thermal decomposition reaction. Scientific Reports 4, 6839.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelsey JE, Newport DJ, Nemeroff CB (2006) ‘Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionals.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
El Naqa I, Li R, Murphy MJ (Eds) (2015) ‘Machine Learning in Radiation Oncology: Theory and Applications.’ (Springer International Publishing: Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Khare S, Katre P, Galande S (2016) Epigenetic Regulation of Islet Development and Regeneration. ‘Pancreatic Islet Biology’. (Ed A A. Hardikar) Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine. pp. 83–109. (Springer International Publishing: Cham)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Did Planet Nine Give The Solar System Its Tilt? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) James Webb Space Telescope: Project Facing Increased Schedule Risk with Significant Work Remaining. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-15-100. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rostambeigi N (2010) Analyzing the correlates of patients’ adoption of preventative health services: Perceived risk, cost and availability of health care services. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2013) Eye-Popping Storytelling (Nostalgic To Naughty). New York Times C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Pitaevskii and Stringari 2002; Brown 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pitaevskii and Stringari 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Brollo et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Botany
AbbreviationAust. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0067-1924
ISSN (online)1444-9862
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles