How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunk S (2002) Tearing down the barriers. Nature 416, 4–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Horvitz E, Mulligan D (2015) Policy forum. Data, privacy, and the greater good. Science (New York, NY) 349, 253–255.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meyer P, Saez L, Young MW (2006) PER-TIM interactions in living Drosophila cells: an interval timer for the circadian clock. Science (New York, NY) 311, 226–229.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang P, Xiao BB, Hou XL, Zhu YF, Jiang Q (2014) Layered SiC sheets: a potential catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction. Scientific reports 4, 3821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neuber A, Nuttall T (2017) ‘Diagnostic Techniques in Veterinary Dermatology.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Oxford, UK)
An edited book
LaBelle JW, Treumann RA (Eds) (2006) ‘Geospace Electromagnetic Waves and Radiation.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Dedov D (2014) The Rule of Law and Legal State Doctrines as a Methodology of the Philosophy of Law. ‘The Legal Doctrines of the Rule of Law and the Legal State (Rechtsstaat)’. (Eds JR Silkenat, JE Hickey Jr, PD Barenboim) Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice. pp. 61–69. (Springer International Publishing: Cham)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) The LHC Is Starting To Produce Charmed Twins More Than Singles. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Federal Judicial Space Follow-up. U.S. Government Printing Office, GGD-94-135R. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guedez A (2017) Developing Correlations for Velocity Models in Vertical Transverse Isotropic Media: Bakken Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2002) A New 92nd Street Y? Almost. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bunk 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bunk 2002; Horvitz and Mulligan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Horvitz and Mulligan 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Botany
AbbreviationAust. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0067-1924
ISSN (online)1444-9862
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles