How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow N (2009) Systems biology: Untangling the protein web. Nature 460, 415–418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liebman SW, Haber JE (2013) Retrospective. Fred Sherman (1932-2013). Science (New York, NY) 342, 1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nosil P, Crespi BJ, Sandoval CP (2002) Host-plant adaptation drives the parallel evolution of reproductive isolation. Nature 417, 440–443.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
de la Fuente-Fernández R, Ruth TJ, Sossi V, Schulzer M, Calne DB, Stoessl AJ (2001) Expectation and dopamine release: mechanism of the placebo effect in Parkinson’s disease. Science (New York, NY) 293, 1164–1166.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eggleston B (2008) ‘The ICE Conditions of Contract: Seventh Edition.’ (Blackwell Science Ltd: Oxford, UK)
An edited book
Biersack E, Callegari C, Matijasevic M (Eds) (2013) ‘Data Traffic Monitoring and Analysis: From Measurement, Classification, and Anomaly Detection to Quality of Experience.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Hayakawa R, Kato Y, Sugiura M, Sugiura K, Hashimoto R (2006) Friction Melanosis. ‘Irritant Dermatitis’. (Eds A-L Chew, HI Maibach) pp. 31–35. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Bionic Implant to Treat Mental Disorders in Development. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Ocean Research Fleet: NOAA Needs to Plan for Long-Term Fleet Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, RCED-90-42. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prima MB (2012) Waiting for Lefty: Adversity and the American Dream. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Design Teams Hired in Nassau Coliseum Project. New York Times LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Blow 2009; Liebman and Haber 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liebman and Haber 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (de la Fuente-Fernández et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Botany
AbbreviationAust. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0067-1924
ISSN (online)1444-9862
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles