How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen A (2012) The hard facts. Nature 485, S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Khosla C, Harbury PB (2001) Modular enzymes. Nature 409, 247–252.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dieterich J, Cayol V, Okubo P (2000) The use of earthquake rate changes as a stress meter at Kilauea volcano. Nature 408, 457–460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Keppler H, Dubrovinsky LS, Narygina O, Kantor I (2008) Optical absorption and radiative thermal conductivity of silicate perovskite to 125 gigapascals. Science (New York, NY) 322, 1529–1532.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kühn V (2006) ‘Wireless Communications over MIMO Channels.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Fernandes GW (Ed) (2016) ‘Ecology and Conservation of Mountaintop grasslands in Brazil.’ (Springer International Publishing: Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Qadir M, Mateo-Sagasta J, Jiménez B, Siebe C, Siemens J, Hanjra MA (2015) Environmental Risks and Cost-Effective Risk Management in Wastewater Use Systems. ‘Wastewater: Economic Asset in an Urbanizing World’. (Eds P Drechsel, M Qadir, D Wichelns) pp. 55–72. (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Invasive Asian Hornets Arrive On UK Shores. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Educating People at Risk for AIDS. U.S. Government Printing Office, T-PEMD-88-8. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Helgoe CA (2008) The impact of federal policy on teachers’ use of science manipulatives: A survey of teacher philosophy and practices. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J (2017) An Olio of E.U. Rules, Leading to Food Fights. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Khosla and Harbury 2001; Maxmen 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Khosla and Harbury 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Keppler et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Botany
AbbreviationAust. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0067-1924
ISSN (online)1444-9862
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles