How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V (2002) Groundbreaking research. Nature 420, 4–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doudna JA, Charpentier E (2014) Genome editing. The new frontier of genome engineering with CRISPR-Cas9. Science (New York, NY) 346, 1258096.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansen SB, Tao X, MacKinnon R (2011) Structural basis of PIP2 activation of the classical inward rectifier K+ channel Kir2.2. Nature 477, 495–498.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Watanabe T, Tomizawa S-I, Mitsuya K, Totoki Y, Yamamoto Y, Kuramochi-Miyagawa S, Iida N, Hoki Y, Murphy PJ, Toyoda A, Gotoh K, Hiura H, Arima T, Fujiyama A, Sado T, Shibata T, Nakano T, Lin H, Ichiyanagi K, Soloway PD, Sasaki H (2011) Role for piRNAs and noncoding RNA in de novo DNA methylation of the imprinted mouse Rasgrf1 locus. Science (New York, NY) 332, 848–852.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McConnell J (2011) ‘Index of Medical Imaging.’ (Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK)
An edited book
Howard JA, Hood EE (Eds) (2014) ‘Commercial Plant-Produced Recombinant Protein Products: Case Studies.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Wobst HM (2006) Artifacts as Social Interference: The Politics of Spatial Scale. ‘Confronting scale in archaeology: Issues of Theory and Practice’. (Ed BL Molyneaux) pp. 55–64. (Springer US: Boston, MA)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Child ‘Born Twice’ After Earlier Surgery To Remove Fetal Tumor. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/child-born-twice-after-earlier-surgery-to-remove-fetal-tumor/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Need for More Effective Management of Transportation Data Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, LCD-75-205. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sharp LM (2009) Creative nonfiction illuminated: Cross-disciplinary spotlights. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Embraceable Saris. New York Times E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin 2002; Doudna and Charpentier 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Doudna and Charpentier 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Watanabe et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Botany
AbbreviationAust. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0067-1924
ISSN (online)1444-9862
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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