How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kempermann G (2012) Neuroscience. Youth culture in the adult brain. Science (New York, NY) 335, 1175–1176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Agosta SJ, Dunham AE (2004) Comment on ‘How the horned lizard got its horns’. Science (New York, NY) 306, 230; author reply 230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Georgellis D, Kwon O, Lin EC (2001) Quinones as the redox signal for the arc two-component system of bacteria. Science (New York, NY) 292, 2314–2316.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dong X-P, Donoghue PCJ, Cheng H, Liu J-B (2004) Fossil embryos from the Middle and Late Cambrian period of Hunan, south China. Nature 427, 237–240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tripathi N, Singh RS, Hills CD (2016) ‘Reclamation of Mine-Impacted Land for Ecosystem Recovery.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Escobar S (Ed) (2010) ‘Functional and Constraint Logic Programming: 18th International Workshop, WFLP 2009, Brasilia, Brazil, June 28, 2009, Revised Selected Papers.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Calderwood SK, Murshid A, Zhu B, Mambula SS (2010) Role of Host Molecular Chaperones in Responses to Bacterial Infection and Endotoxin Exposure. ‘Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Heat Shock Proteins in Infectious Disease’. (Eds AG Pockley, SK Calderwood, MG Santoro) Heat Shock Proteins. pp. 107–120. (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Hubble Captures New View Of The Vermin Galaxy And A Protoplanetary Disk. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) NASA: Compliance With Cost Limits Cannot Be Verified. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-02-504R. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley MK (2012) A study of at-risk students’ perceptions of an online academic credit recovery program in an urban North Texas independent school district. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J (2016) Large Funds Are Dropping Investments in Fossil Fuels. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kempermann 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Agosta and Dunham 2004; Kempermann 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Agosta and Dunham 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Botany
AbbreviationAust. J. Bot.
ISSN (print)0067-1924
ISSN (online)1444-9862
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles